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MATTEO STROZZI

Ricercatore t.d. art. 24 c. 3 lett. B presso: Dipartimento di Scienze e Metodi dell'Ingegneria


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Pubblicazioni

2020 - Condition monitoring and reliability of a resistance spot welding process [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Cocconcelli, Marco; Rubini, Riccardo
abstract

The reliability of a resistance spot welding (RSW) process is studied monitoring the quality of the corresponding welding points. Each welding point is uniquely represented by a specific resistance characteristic curve over time. Five learning resistance characteristic curves, the good quality of the related welding points was experimentally verified by means of a non-destructive technique, are selected as a reference to check the quality of welding points related to different process resistance characteristic curves. A first estimate of the quality of the welding point is made comparing the corresponding process resistance characteristic curve with the learning maximum, minimum and average resistance characteristic curves. Both good quality and defective (glued or squeezed) welding points are observed. In order to more correctly identify the quality level of each welding point, two different parameters comparing the related process resistance characteristic curve with the learning average resistance characteristic curve are applied. First, the residual resistance, as the difference at each instant of time between the two resistance characteristic curves, is considered. Then, the Euclidean distance, as the geometric distance at each instant of time between the two resistance characteristic curves, is adopted. Finally, the trend of the quality of the welding points as their number increases for welding electrodes with a fixed number of dressings is investigated.


2020 - Condition Monitoring Techniques of Ball Bearings in Non-stationary Conditions [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, M.; Rubini, R.; Cocconcelli, M.
abstract

Frequently, the Industry suggests non-trivial problems and new fields of research for the Academy. This is the case of the ball bearing diagnostics in direct-drive motors. Direct-drive motors are brushless motors fully controlled by the drive system. Thanks to an encoder or a resolver mounted on the shaft, they can perform complex motion profiles, such as polynomials or splines, including reverse rotation of the shaft. The main advantage of direct-drive motors is the removal of cams or gearboxes afterwards motor with a consequent strong reduction of economic and maintaining costs. Indeed, their main drawback is the difficulty to make diagnostics on the bearings. Regarding bearing diagnostics, most of the techniques present in literature are based on the search of fault-characteristic frequencies in the vibration spectrum of the motor. These fault frequencies are linearly dependent on the rotational frequency of the shaft if it is supposed constant. However, in direct-drive motors the rotational speed changes continuously and consequently the fault frequencies are meaningless. The paper reports a brief overview of some techniques for the condition monitoring of ball bearings in non-stationary conditions used by the Authors in the case of a packaging machine working under variable speed. The techniques adopted include an improved version of the computed order tracking, the cross-correlation function and three supervised learning approaches: artificial neural networks, artificial immune systems and support vector machines.


2020 - Efficiency and Durability of DLC-Coated Gears [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Barbieri, M.; Iarriccio, G.; Pellicano, F.; Strozzi, M.; Zippo, A.
abstract

This paper presents an experimental study on spur gears. Gears with and without tungsten-carbide coatings (WC/C) are compared in terms of efficiency, durability and vibration performance. In order to carry out the experiments, a test rig including two electric motors/brakes is described. Gears are designed for this specific experimental campaign, so that the number of teeth, the selected materials and thermochemical treatments are optimal to investigate gear efficiency and durability. The experimental procedure allows for a simultaneous evaluation of efficiency and dynamic transmission error by varying the rotational velocity of the gear pair. An additional investigation has been performed for varying load, so that a complete characterization of the effect of WC/C coating on gear performance is presented.


2020 - Metodologie non distruttive per l’individuazione di difetti su sanitari in ceramica: indagine sperimentale. [Altro]
Castagnetti, Davide; Cocconcelli, Marco; Spaggiari, Andrea; Strozzi, Matteo; Dragoni, Eugenio; Rubini, Riccardo
abstract

Metodologie non distruttive per l’individuazione di difetti su sanitari in ceramica: pianificazione sperimentale, prove sperimentali, analisi dei risultati, proposta di parametri identificativi dei difetti.


2020 - Motor Current Cyclic-Non-Stationary Analysis for Bearing Diagnostic [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
D’Elia, G.; Cocconcelli, M.; Strozzi, M.; Mucchi, E.; Dalpiaz, G.; Rubini, R.
abstract

The Motor Current Signature Analysis (MCSA) is a research area focused on the diagnosis of components of electric motors based on post-processing of the current signal mainly. In particular, the bearing diagnostics is based on two different assumptions: the fault on the bearing causes a vibration of the shaft it supports, so there is an air gap variation between stator and rotor causing a modulation in the current signal; the fault on the bearing hinders the rotation of the shaft, so it can be modeled as an additional loading torque that the motor satisfies increasing the current signal. In this paper, a cyclic-non-stationarity analysis of the motor current is used to assess the status of ball-bearings in servomotors, running at variable speed. Both speed of the motor and motor current are provided by the control loop of the servomotor, that is no external sensors are used. The cyclic nature of the application allows an average of the cyclic-cyclic order maps to increase the signal-to-noise ratio. The proposed technique is successfully applied to both healthy and faulty bearings.


2020 - Nonlinear normal modes, resonances and energy exchange in single-walled carbon nanotubes [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, M.; Smirnov, V. V.; Manevitch, L. I.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

The nonlinear resonance interaction and energy exchange between bending and circumferential flexure modes in single-walled carbon nanotubes is studied. First, the results of an analytical model of the resonance interaction between the considered nonlinear normal modes previously developed are reported. This approach was based on a reduced form of the Sanders–Koiter thin shell theory obtained by using simplifying hypotheses on the shell deformations. The analytical model predicted that the nonlinear resonance interaction leads to energy localization in a certain coherence domain over the carbon nanotube surface within a specific range of the initial oscillation amplitude. Then, a numerical model of the resonance interaction between the analysed nonlinear normal modes in the framework of the complete Sanders–Koiter thin shell theory is reported. Numerical simulations are performed to verify the energy localization phenomenon over the carbon nanotube surface and to compute the threshold values of the initial oscillation amplitude giving rise to energy localization. Finally, from the comparison between the two different approaches, it is obtained that the results of the numerical model for the threshold values of the nonlinear energy localization confirm with very good accuracy the predictions of the analytical model.


2020 - Preliminary orthotropic elastic model for the study of natural frequencies and mode shapes of a 3D printed Onyx thin circular cylindrical shell [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, M.; Giacomobono, R.; Rubini, R.; Cocconcelli, M.
abstract

The linear vibrations of a 3D printed Onyx thin circular cylindrical shell are considered. A model based on Sanders-Koiter shell theory and orthotropic elastic constitutive equations is adopted to obtain elastic strain and kinetic energy. The deformation of the middle surface of the shell is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacements, which are expanded by means of a double mixed series in terms of Chebyshev orthogonal polynomials along the longitudinal direction and harmonic functions along the circumferential direction of the shell. Free-free boundary conditions are considered. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to calculate approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. An isotropic elastic model is first adopted to obtain initial reference values for natural frequencies and mode shapes of the 3D printed shell. An experimental modal analysis is then performed to verify the accuracy of the initial isotropic elastic model and to find exact values for natural frequencies and mode shapes of the 3D printed shell. A more effective orthotropic elastic model is finally applied assuming different values of Young’s modulus along the longitudinal and circumferential directions of the shell. A parametric analysis is carried out by assuming a constant circumferential Young’s modulus and varying the longitudinal Young’s modulus. The goal is to minimise the difference between analytical and experimental results, in order to identify the actual orthotropy degree of the 3D printed shell.


2019 - Analysis of NASA Bearing Dataset of the University of Cincinnati by Means of Hjorth’s Parameters [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
CAVALAGLIO CAMARGO MOLANO, Jacopo; Strozzi, Matteo; Rubini, Riccardo; Cocconcelli, Marco
abstract


2019 - Interazioni di risonanza e localizzazioni di energia in nanotubi di carbonio [Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, A. O.; Manevitch, L. I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2019 - Investigation on apparently related modes in experimental modal analysis [Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Giacomobono, Roberto; Rubini, Riccardo; Cocconcelli, Marco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2019 - Nonlinear dynamic stability of cylindrical shells under pulsating axial loading via Finite Element analysis using numerical time integration [Articolo su rivista]
Rizzetto, Fabio; Jansen, Eelco; Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

Nonlinear dynamic stability investigations for isotropic and composite cylindrical shells under pulsating axial loading are carried out through Finite Element analysis using numerical time integration. In particular, im- portant characteristics of the geometrically nonlinear behaviour are systematically studied through Finite Element analysis. The results of the Finite Element analysis are compared with results obtained in earlier studies using semi-analytical procedures. In order to facilitate the evaluation and the comparison of these two com- plementary approaches, a modal projection procedure has been developed for the Finite Element analysis. Critical dynamic loads and frequency-response curves for isotropic and composite shells under pulsating loading obtained with the Finite Element analysis using numerical time integration are shown to be generally in good qualitative agreement with the results of earlier semi-analytical work. The analysis of the modal amplitude achieved via the modal projection procedure also makes it possible to study the interactions between con- tributing modes and to observe and interpret interesting phenomena such as the occurrence of travelling waves in the circumferential direction of the shell.


2019 - Nonlinear Resonance Interaction between Conjugate Circumferential Flexural Modes in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, M.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

This paper presents an investigation on the dynamical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and nonlinear modal interaction and energy exchange are analysed in detail. Resonance interactions between two conjugate circumferential flexural modes (CFMs) are investigated. The nanotubes are analysed through a continuous shell model, and a thin shell theory is used to model the dynamics of the system; free-free boundary conditions are considered. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to approximate linear eigenfunctions of the partial differential equations that govern the shell dynamics. An energy approach, based on Lagrange equations and series expansion of the displacements, is considered to reduce the initial partial differential equations to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion. The model is validated in linear field (natural frequencies) by means of comparisons with literature. A convergence analysis is carried out in order to obtain the smallest modal expansion able to simulate the nonlinear regimes. The time evolution of the nonlinear energy distribution over the SWCNT surface is studied. The nonlinear dynamics of the system is analysed by means of phase portraits. The resonance interaction and energy transfer between the conjugate CFMs are investigated. A travelling wave moving along the circumferential direction of the SWCNT is observed.


2019 - Nonlinear vibration of continuous systems [Articolo su rivista]
Pellicano, F.; Strozzi, M.; Avramov, K. V.
abstract

Continuous systems, such as beams, membranes, plates, shells, and other structural/mechanical components, represent fundamental elements of mechanical systems in any field of engineering: Aerospace, Aeronautics, Automation, Automotive, Civil, Nuclear, Petroleum, and Railways. The modern designer is required to optimize structural elements to improve the performance-to-cost ratio, produce lightweight machines, and improve the efficiency. Such optimizations easily lead to a magnification of vibration/dynamic problems such as resonances, instabilities, and nonlinear behaviors. Therefore, the development of new methods of analysis, testing, and monitoring is greatly welcome. This special issue focuses on sharing recent advances and developments of theories, algorithms, and applications that involve the dynamics and vibrations of continuous systems. The contributions to this special issue include innovative theoretical studies, advanced numerical simulations, and new experimental approaches to investigate and better understand complex dynamic phenomena; more specifically, methods and theories for beams, membranes, plates, and shells; numerical approaches for structural elements; fluid-structure interaction; nonlinear acoustics; identification, diagnosis, friction models, and vehicle dynamics. Seventeen contributions have been received from all over the world: Canada, China, Kazakhstan, Italy, Macau, Spain, and USA. This shows the generalized interest on the topic. The following short description of the special issue content is organized by grouping the contributions in coherent subtopics.


2018 - Damping oriented design of thin-walled mechanical components by means of multi-layer coating technology [Articolo su rivista]
Catania, G.; Strozzi, M.
abstract

The damping behaviour of multi-layer composite mechanical components, shown by recent research and application papers, is analyzed. A local dissipation mechanism, acting at the interface between any two different layers of the composite component, is taken into account, and a beam model, to be used for validating the known experimental results, is proposed. Multi-layer prismatic beams, consisting of a metal substrate and of some thin coated layers exhibiting variable stiffness and adherence properties, are considered in order to make it possible to study and validate this assumption. A dynamical model, based on a simple beam geometry but taking into account the previously introduced local dissipation mechanism and distributed visco-elastic constraints, is proposed. Some different application examples of specific multi-layer beams are considered, and some numerical examples concerning the beam free and forced response are described. The influence of the multilayer system parameters on the damping behaviour of the free and forced response of the composite beam is investigated by means of the definition of some damping estimators. Some effective multi-coating configurations, giving a relevant increase of the damping estimators of the coated structure with respect to the same uncoated structure, are obtained from the model simulation, and the results are critically discussed.


2018 - Linear vibrations of triple-walled carbon nanotubes [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper, the linear vibrations of triple-walled carbon nanotubes (TWNTs) are investigated. A multiple elastic thin shell model is applied. The TWNT dynamics is studied in the framework of the Sanders–Koiter shell theory. The van der Waals interaction between any two layers of the TWNT is modelled by a radius-dependent function. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, tangential and radial displacements. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary conditions are applied. The three displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the tangential variable. The Rayleigh–Ritz method is applied to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. The present model is validated in the linear field by means of comparisons with data from the literature. This study is focused on determining the effect of geometry and boundary conditions on the natural frequencies of TWNTs.


2018 - Nonlinear vibrations and energy exchange of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Radial breathing modes [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, Matteo; Smirnov, Valeri V.; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper, the nonlinear vibrations and energy exchange of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter shell theory is used to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The SWNT deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary conditions are applied. The resonant interaction between radial breathing (axisymmetric) modes (RBMs) is analysed. An energy method, based on the Lagrange equations, is considered in order to reduce the nonlinear partial differential equations of motion to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, which is then solved applying the implicit Runge-Kutta numerical method. The present model is validated in linear field comparing the RBM natural frequencies numerically predicted with data reported in the literature from experiments and molecular dynamics simulations. The nonlinear energy exchange between the two halves along the SWNT axis in the time is studied for different amplitudes of initial excitation applied to the two lowest frequency resonant RBMs. The influence of the SWNT aspect ratio on the numerical value of the nonlinear energy beating period under different boundary conditions is analysed.


2017 - Dynamic imbalance of high-speed planetary gears [Articolo su rivista]
Masoumi, Asma; Barbieri, M; Pellicano, F; Zippo, A; Strozzi, M
abstract

A non-linear 2D lumped mass model of a single-stage spur planetary gear system with time-varying mesh stiffness, bearing compliance and non-smooth non-linearity due to backlash is taken into account. The time-varying meshing stiffness is evaluated by means of a non-linear finite element model, through an accurate evaluation of global and local tooth deformation. The non-linear dynamic behaviour of the system is analysed over a reasonable range of rotation speed and torque. The possibility of occurrences of different dynamic phenomena and instability of the system with respect to the bearing compliance and operating parameters are also evaluated. The possibility of dynamic imbalance of equally-spaced planetary gears in the presence of chaotic regimes is discussed. Such imbalance may lead to unexpected high-level stresses on bearings and gears.The effect of tooth profile modification at the sun-planet and ring-planet meshes on the vibration behaviour of the planetary gear system is also investigated in this paper. In order to avoid modification on the ring gear, both tip and root reliefs are considered for sun and planet gears.


2017 - Experimental identification of FGM shell properties (aimeta 2017) [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, A.; Pellicano, F.; Barbieri, M.; Strozzi, M.; Masoumi, A.
abstract

Functionally gradient materials (FGMs) have attracted a growing interest as advanced structural materials because of their heat-resistance properties. In this paper, an experimental study on the vibration of cylindrical shells made of a functionally gradient material (FGM) composed of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is presented: to obtain functional gradient proprieties the PET shell had been exposed at a thermal temperature gradient in the range of its glass transition temperature of 79°C. The setting up of the experiment is explained and deeply described along with the thermal characterisation of the specimen. The linear and the nonlinear dynamic behaviour have been investigated. The shell behaviour is also investigated by means of a finite element model, in order to enhance the comprehension of experimental results.


2017 - Modal localization in vibrating circular cylindrical shells [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Pellicano, F.; Zippo, A.; Barbieri, M.; Strozzi, M.
abstract

The goal of the present paper is the analysis of the effect of geometric imperfections in circular cylindrical shells. Perfect circular shells are characterized by the presence of double shell-like modes, i.e., modes having the same frequency with modal shape shifted of a quarter of wavelength in the circumferential direction. In presence of geometric imperfections, the double natural frequencies split into a pair of distinct frequencies, the splitting is proportional to the level of imperfection. In some cases, the imperfections cause an interesting phenomenon on the modal shapes, which present a strong localization in the circumferential direction. This study is carried out by means of a semi-analytical approach compared with standard finite element analyses.


2017 - Multi-layer composite beam modelling and optimization for high speed mechanical applications [Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Catania, Giuseppe; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2017 - Nonlinear optical vibrations of single-walled carbon nanotubes [Articolo su rivista]
Manevitch, L. I.; Smirnov, V. V.; Strozzi, M.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

We demonstrate the new specific phenomenon of the long-time resonant energy exchange in the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the two optical branches - the Circumferential Flexure Mode (CFM) and Radial Btreathing Mode (RBM). It is shown that the modified nonlinear Schrödinger equation, obtained in the framework of nonlinear elastic thin shell theory, allows to describe the CNT nonlinear dynamics connected with considered frequency bands. Comparative analysis of the oscillations of the CFM and RBM branches shows the principal difference between nonlinearity effects. If the nonlinear resonant interaction of the low-frequency modes in the CFM branch leads to the energy capture in the some domain of the CNT, the same interaction in the RBM branch does not appear any tendency to the energy localization. The reason of such a distinction is the difference of the non-linear terms in the equations of motion. If the CFMs are specified by the soft power nonlinearity, the RBM dynamics is determined by the hard gradient nonlinearity. Moreover, in contrast to CFM the importance of nonlinearity in the case of RBM oscillations decreases with increasing of the length to radius ratio. The numerical integration of the thin shell theory equations confirms the results of the analytical study.


2017 - Nonlinear optical vibrations of single-walled carbon nanotubes. [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Manevitch, L. I.; Smirnov, V. V.; Strozzi, M.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

We demonstrate a new specific phenomenon of the long-time resonant energy exchange in carbon nanotubes (CNTs), which is realized by two types of optical vibrations, the Circumferential Flexure Mode (CFM) and the Radial Breathing Mode (RBM). We show that the modified nonlinear Schrdinger equation, obtained in the framework of the nonlinear theory of elastic thin shells, allows us to describe the nonlinear dynamics of CNTs for specified frequency bands. Comparative analysis of the oscillations of the CFM and RBM branches shows the qualitative difference of nonlinear effects for these branches. While the nonlinear resonant interaction of the low-frequency modes in the CFM branch leads to energy capture in some domains of the CNT, the same interaction in the RBM branch does not demonstrate any tendency for energy localization. The reason lies in the distinction in the nonlinear terms in the equations of motion. While CFMs are characterized by soft polynomial nonlinearity, RBM dynamics is characterized by hard gradient nonlinearity. Moreover, in contrast to the CFM, the importance of nonlinearity in the case of RBM oscillations decreases as the length to radius ratio increases. Numerical integration of the equations of thin shell theory confirms the results of the analytical study.


2017 - Numerical simulation and experimental validation of normal strain distribution and pitting phenomenon in industrial gears [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, M.; Barbieri, M.; Zippo, A.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

In this paper, the normal strain distribution and pitting phenomenon on gears are investigated by means of numerical finite element analyses and experimental activities. In the first part of the paper, results of experimental tests for the investigation of the pitting phenomenon on gears are reported. These durability tests are made at a specific nominal load and far from the resonance. The experimental data are collected periodically from two tri-axial accelerometers placed on the gear shafts. After a short time, a visible pitting phenomenon arises on the gear teeth, where the contact pattern is perfectly centered (due to the high lead crown imposed on the teeth) and the wear pattern is consistent with FE simulations. In the second part of the paper, numerical finite element studies on the normal strain distribution at the base of the gear teeth during the contact are reported. These analyses are made at the same nominal load of the previous pitting analyses and at very low rotational speed (static analyses). A peak of normal strain at the base of the contact tooth is found around the contact time, preceded and followed by a low constant value of normal strain. The numerical results are validated by comparisons with experimental tests carried out in the same operating conditions and placing strain gauges at the tooth base of the gears.


2017 - Numerical study on nonlinear vibrations, energy exchange and resonant interactions in single walled carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, M.; Barbieri, M.; Zippo, A.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

In this paper, the nonlinear vibrations, energy exchange and resonant interactions of singlewalled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are investigated. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The SWNT deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. The circumferential flexural modes (CFMs), radial breathing modes (RBMs) and beam-like modes (BLMs) are studied. A numerical model of the SWNT dynamics is proposed. The three displacement fields are expanded in the nonlinear field by using approximate linear eigenfunctions. An energy method based on the Lagrange equations is used to reduce the nonlinear partial differential equations of motion to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, which is solved using the implicit Runge-Kutta numerical method. The nonlinear energy exchange along the SWNT axis is analysed for different initial excitation amplitudes. The resonant interactions between CFMs, RBMs and BLMs are investigated. The transition from energy beating to energy localization in the nonlinear field is studied.


2017 - Vibration Localization of Imperfect Circular Cylindrical Shells [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Pellicano, Francesco; Zippo, Antonio; Barbieri, Marco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2017 - Vibration of functionally graded cylindrical shells [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, A.; Pellicano, F.; Barbieri, M.; Strozzi, M.
abstract

Functionally gradient materials (FGMs) have attracted a growing interest as advanced structural materials because of their heat-resistance properties. In this paper, an experimental study on the vibration of cylindrical shells made of a functionally gradient material (FGM) composed of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is presented: to obtain functional gradient proprieties the PET shell had been exposed at a thermal temperature gradient in the range of its glass transition temperature of 79°C. The setting up of the experiment is explained and deeply described along with the thermal characterisation of the specimen. The linear and the nonlinear dynamic behaviour have been investigated. The shell behaviour is also investigated by means of a finite element model, in order to enhance the comprehension of experimental results.


2016 - Active vibration control of a composite plate [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, A.; Barbieri, M.; Pellicano, F.; Strozzi, M.
abstract

A new active vibration control methodology is proposed and experimentally tested. The technique is applied to a honeycomb panel having a carbon-fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) outer skins and a polymer-paper core, subjected to an orthogonal disturbance, due to an electrodynamics exciter. The control is carried out by means of Macro Fibre Composite (MFC) actuators and sensors. MFC parches consist of rectangular piezoceramic rods sandwiched between layers of adhesive, electrodes and polyamide film. The MFC actuators and sensors are controlled by a programmable digital dSPACER controller board. The control algorithm proposed in this paper is based on the Positive Position Feedback (PPF) technique, Single Input - Single Output, MultiSISO and Multi Input Multi Output controls are applied in order to control the first four normal modes. The control appears to be robust and efficient in reducing vibration in linear (small am- plitude) and nonlinear (large amplitude) vibrations regimes, although the structure under investigation exhibits a relativity high modal density, i.e. four resonances in a range of about 100Hz. The control strategy allows to effectively control each resonance both individually or simultaneously.


2016 - Dynamic imbalance of high speed planetary gears [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Masoumi, A.; Barbieri, M.; Pellicano, F.; Zippo, A.; Strozzi, M.
abstract

A nonlinear 2D lumped mass model of planetary gear system with time varying mesh stiffness, bearing compliance and nonsmooth nonlinearity due to the backlash is taken into account. The time varying meshing stiffness is evaluated by means of a nonlinear finite element model, through an accurate evaluation of global and local tooth deformation. Nonlinear dynamic behaviour of the system is analyzed over a reasonable range of rotation speed and torque. Possibility of occurrences of different dynamic phenomena and instability of the system with respect to bearing compliance and operating parameters is evaluated as well. Bifurcation diagrams are extracted as well and for specific regimes, the nonlinear scenario of system is discussed using the spectra, phase portraits and Poincare maps. Periodic, quasiperiodic and chaotic regimes are found and discussed with respect to system parameters. The possibility of dynamic imbalance of equally spaced planetary gears in presence of chaotic regimes is discussed. Such imbalance may lead to unexpected high level stresses on bearings and gears.


2016 - Experimental investigation of dynamic behaviour of pre-compressed circular cylindrical shell [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, Antonio; Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract

Circular cylindrical shells are very efficient structures that have many applications and plays as key elements in several engineering fields. Shells usually exhibit a complicated dynamic behaviours because the curvature will effectively couple the flexural and in-plane deformations together as the three displacement fields simultaneously appear in each of the governing partial differential equations and boundary conditions. Therefore, it is understandable that the axial constraints can have direct effects on a predominantly radial modes. For instance, it has been shown that the natural frequencies for the circumferential modes of a simply supported shell can be noticeably modified by the constraints applied in the axial direction. In this paper the results of experimental tests on pre-compressed circular cylindrical shell will be presented: different combinations of preload and harmonic external axial load have been tested but for brevity only few results are shown.


2016 - Experiments on shells under base excitation [Articolo su rivista]
Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract

The aim of the present paper is a deep experimental investigation of the nonlinear dynamics of circular cylindrical shells. The specific problem regards the response of circular cylindrical shells subjected to base excitation. The shells are mounted on a shaking table that furnishes a vertical vibration parallel to the cylinder axis; a heavy rigid disk is mounted on the top of the shells. The base vibration induces a rigid body motion, which mainly causes huge inertia forces exerted by the top disk to the shell. In-plane stresses due to the aforementioned inertias give rise to impressively large vibration on the shell. An extremely violent dynamic phenomenon suddenly appears as the excitation frequency varies up and down close to the linear resonant frequency of the first axisymmetric mode. The dynamics are deeply investigated by varying excitation level and frequency. Moreover, in order to generalise the investigation, two different geometries are analysed. The paper furnishes a complete dynamic scenario by means of: (i) amplitude frequency diagrams, (ii) bifurcation diagrams, (iii) time histories and spectra, (iv) phase portraits and Poincaré maps. It is to be stressed that all the results presented here are experimental.


2016 - Linear vibrations of multi-walled carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio
abstract

In this paper, the linear vibrations of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs) are analysed. A multiple elastic shell model is considered. The shell dynamics is studied in the framework of the Sanders-Koiter shell theory. The van der Waals (vdW) interaction between two layers of the MWNT is modelled by a radius-dependent function. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacements. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary conditions are considered. The three displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev orthogonal polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the circumferential variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. The present model is validated in linear field by means of data derived from the literature. This study is focused on determining the effect of the geometry and boundary conditions on the natural frequencies of the MWNTs.


2016 - Modelling and Testing Techniques for Gear- boxes Analysis and Optimization [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, A. O.; Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2016 - Natural Frequencies of Triple-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, A. O.; Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2016 - Nonlinear Dynamics of Pre-Compressed Circular Cylindrical Shell Under Axial Harmonic Load: Experiments [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Pellicano, Francesco; Zippo, Antonio; Barbieri, Marco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract


2016 - Nonlinear dynamics of SWNTs. Energy beating and localization [Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, L. I.; Smirnov, V. V.; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract


2016 - Nonlinear optical vibrations of single-walled carbon nanotubes. 1. Energy exchange and localization of low-frequency oscillations [Articolo su rivista]
Smirnov, V. V.; Manevitch, L. I.; Strozzi, M.; Pellicano, F.
abstract

We present the results of analytical study and molecular dynamics simulation of low energy nonlinear non-stationary dynamics of single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). New phenomena of intense energy exchange between different parts of CNT and weak energy localization in the excited part of CNT are analytically predicted in the framework of the continuum shell theory. Their origin is clarified by means of the concept of Limiting Phase Trajectory, and the analytical results are confirmed by the molecular dynamics simulation of simply supported CNTs.


2016 - Nonlinear vibrations and energy exchange of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Circumferential flexural modes [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, Matteo; Smirnov, Valeri V.; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Milani, Massimo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper, the nonlinear vibrations and energy exchange of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are studied. The Sanders–Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The SWNT deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary conditions are considered. The circumferential flexural modes (CFMs) are investigated. Two different approaches based on numerical and analytical models are compared. In the numerical model, an energy method based on the Lagrange equations is used to reduce the nonlinear partial differential equations of motion to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, which is solved by using the implicit Runge–Kutta numerical method. In the analytical model, a reduced form of the Sanders–Koiter theory assuming small circumferential and tangential shear deformations is used to get the nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion, which are solved by using the multiple scales analytical method. The transition from energy beating to energy localization in the nonlinear field is studied. The effect of the aspect ratio on the analytical and numerical values of the nonlinear energy localization threshold for different boundary conditions is investigated.


2016 - Pitting and stress analysis of gears: A numerical and experimental study [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, M.; Barbieri, M.; Pellicano, F.; Zippo, A.
abstract

In this paper, the pitting phenomenon and stress distribution of gears are investigated by means of experimental activities and numerical finite element analyses. In the first part, results of experimental accelerated endurance tests for the investigation of the pitting phenomenon of gears are reported. These durability tests are made at a specific nominal load and far from the resonance. After a short time, a visible pitting phenomenon arises. In the second part, finite element numerical analyses for the evaluation of gear stresses are listed. The numerical analyses start from stress-vibration correlations and dynamic factors obtained by a 2-dof dynamic model; these results are used in the dynamic FEM simulations in order to calculate the maximum normal stress and the contact pressure on the contact tooth of the pinion vs. vibration amplitude for different dynamic factors.


2015 - Beating phenomenon and energy localization in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio
abstract

In this paper, the low-frequency nonlinear oscillations and energy localization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) are analysed. The SWNTs dynamics is studied in the framework of the Sanders-Koiter nonlinear shell theory. The circumferential flexure vibration modes (CFMs) are considered. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary conditions are analysed. Two different approaches are compared, based on numerical and analytical models. The numerical model uses a double mixed series expansion for the displacement fields based on the Chebyshev polynomials and harmonic functions. The Lagrange equations are considered to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion which are solved using the implicit Runge-Kutta numerical method. The analytical model considers a reduced form of the shell theory assuming small circumferential and tangential shear deformations. The Galerkin procedure is used to get the nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion, which are then solved using the multiple scales analytical method. The natural frequencies of SWNTs obtained by considering the analytical and numerical approaches are compared for different boundary conditions. A convergence analysis in the nonlinear field is carried out for the numerical method in order to select the correct number of the axisymmetric and asymmetric modes providing the actual localization threshold. The effect of the aspect ratio on the analytical and numerical values of the localization threshold for SWNTs with different boundary conditions is investigated in the nonlinear field.


2015 - Dynamic modelling of gear pairs [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio; Strozzi, Matteo; Serafini, Lorenzo; Pellicano, Francesco; Bonori, Giorgio
abstract

A clear understanding of the dynamics of gear pairs is important for many reasons. First of all, gear vibration is a main source of noise in gearboxes and vehicle trasmissions, secondly the torsional elasticity of the gear trasmission can produce relevant amplification of the contact force, and thus of the gear stress. Furthermore, gear vibrations are a useful parameter for gear monitoring and prognostics. In the present work, an overview of the models used to describe the dynamic behaviour of gear pairs will be presented, along with a comparison between a dynamic finite element model and different lumped parameter approaches. A correlation between the vibration transmitted to the gearbox, and thus easily measurable in a real application, and the local stresses in the gear pair will be drawn. The proposed approach is suitable to describe the effect of localized defects on the gear pair, such as tooth root cracks and pitted profiles, on the signal measured on a gearbox.


2015 - Dynamics and Stability of Carbon Nanotubes [Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

The low-frequency oscillations and energy localization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) are studied in the framework of the Sanders-Koiter shell theory. The circumferential flexure modes (CFMs) are analysed. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary conditions are considered. Two different approaches are proposed, based on numerical and analytical models. The numerical model uses in the linear analysis a double mixed series expansion for the displacement fields based on Chebyshev polynomials and harmonic functions. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions. An energy approach based on Lagrange equations is considered in order to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, which is solved by the Runge-Kutta numerical method. The analytical model considers a reduced version of the Sanders-Koiter shell theory obtained by assuming small circumferential and tangential shear deformations. These two assumptions allow to condense the longitudinal and circumferential displacement fields into the radial one. A nonlinear fourth-order partial differential equation for the radial displacement field is derived, which allows to calculate the natural frequencies and to estimate the nonlinearity effect. An analytical solution of this equation is obtained by the multiple scales method. The previous models are validated in linear field by means of comparisons with experiments, molecular dynamics simulations and finite element analyses retrieved from the literature. The concept of energy localization in SWNTs is introduced, which is a strongly nonlinear phenomenon. The low-frequency nonlinear oscillations of the SWNTs become localized ones if the intensity of the initial excitation exceeds some threshold which depends on the SWNTs length. This localization results from the resonant interaction of the zone-boundary and nearest nonlinear normal modes leading to the confinement of the vibration energy in one part of the system. The value of the initial excitation corresponding to this energy confinement is referred to as energy localization threshold. The effect of the aspect ratio on the analytical and numerical values of the energy localization threshold is investigated; different boundary conditions are considered.


2015 - Energy localization in carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Smirnov, Valeri V.; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Shepelev, Denis S.
abstract

In this paper, the energy localization phenomena in low-frequency nonlinear oscillations of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are analysed. The SWNTs dynamics is studied in the framework of the Sanders-Koiter shell theory. Simply supported and free boundary conditions are considered. The effect of the aspect ratio on the analytical and numerical values of the localization threshold is investigated in nonlinear field.


2015 - Nonlinear dynamics of carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, A. O.; Pellicano, F.; Strozzi, M.
abstract


2015 - Nonlinear oscillations of carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco; Zippo, Antonio; Manevitch, Leonid I.
abstract

In this paper, the low-frequency nonlinear oscillations and energy localizations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) are analysed. The SWNTs dynamics is studied within the framework of the Sanders-Koiter thin shell theory. The circumferential flexure vibration modes (CFMs) are considered. Simply supported boundary conditions are investigated. Two different approaches are compared, based on numerical and analytical models. The numerical model uses a double series expansion for the displacement fields based on the Chebyshev polynomials and harmonic functions. The Lagrange equations are considered to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion which are solved using the implicit Runge-Kutta numerical method. The analytical model considers a reduced form of the shell theory assuming small circumferential and tangential shear deformations. The Galerkin procedure is used to get the nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion which are solved using the multiple scales analytical method. The natural frequencies obtained by considering the two approaches are compared in linear field. The effect of the aspect ratio on the analytical and numerical values of the localization threshold is investigated in nonlinear field.


2014 - Eigenfrequencies and vibration modes of carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Smirnov, Valeri V.; Shepelev, Denis S.; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In 1991 Iijima discovered Carbon Nanotubes, he synthesised molecular carbon structures in the form of fullerenes and then reported the preparation of a new type of finite carbon structure consisting of needle-like tubes, the carbon nanotubes, described as helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. Examples of applications of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) can be found in ultrahigh frequency nanomechanical resonators, in a large number of nanoelectromechanical devices such as sensors, oscillators, charge detectors and field emission devices. The reduction of the size and the increment of the stiffness of a resonator magnify its resonant frequencies and reduce its energy consumption, improving its sensitivity. The modal analysis of carbon nanotubes is important because it allows to obtain the resonant frequencies and mode shapes, which influence the mechanical and electronic properties of the nanotube resonators. A large number of experiments and atomistic simulations were conducted both on single-walled (SWNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). The present work is concerned with the analysis of low-frequency linear vibrations of SWNTs: two approaches are presented: a fully analytical method based on a simplified theory and a semi-analytical method based on the theory of thin walled shells. The semi-analytical approach (shortly called “numerical approach”) is based on the Sanders-Koiter shell theory and the Rayleigh-Ritz numerical procedure. The nanotube deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields, which are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the circumferential variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is then applied to obtain numerically approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. The second approach is based on a reduced version of the Sanders-Koiter shell theory, obtained by assuming small ring and tangential shear deformations. These assumptions allow to condense both the longitudinal and the circumferential displacement fields. A fourth-order partial differential equation for the radial displacement field is derived. Eigenfunctions are formally obtained analytically, then the numerical solution of the dispersion equation gives the natural frequencies and the corresponding normal modes. The methods are fully validated by comparing the natural frequencies of the SWNTs with data available in literature, namely: experiments, molecular dynamics simulations and finite element analyses. A comparison between the results of the numerical and analytical approach is carried out in order to check the accuracy of the last one. It is worthwhile to stress that the analytical model allows to obtain results with very low computational effort. On the other hand the numerical approach is able to handle the most realistic boundary conditions of SWNTs (free-free, clamped-free) with extreme accuracy. Both methods are suitable for a forthcoming extension to multi-walled nanotubes and nonlinear vibrations.


2014 - Low-frequency linear vibrations of single-walled carbon nanotubes: Analytical and numerical models [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, Matteo; L. I., Manevitch; Pellicano, Francesco; V. V., Smirnov; D. S., Shepelev
abstract

Low-frequency vibrations of single-walled carbon nanotubes with various boundary conditions are considered in the framework of the Sanders–Koiter thin shell theory. Two methods of analysis are proposed. The first approach is based on the Rayleigh–Ritz method, a double series expansion in terms of Chebyshev polynomials and harmonic functions is considered for the displacement fields; free and clamped edges are analysed. This approach is partially numerical. The second approach is based on the same thin shell theory, but the goal is to obtain an analytical solution useful for future developments in nonlinear fields; the Sanders–Koiter equations are strongly simplified neglecting in-plane circumferential normal strains and tangential shear strains. The model is fully validated by means of comparisons with experiments, molecular dynamics data and finite element analyses obtained from the literature. Several types of nanotubes are considered in detail by varying aspect ratio, chirality and boundary conditions. The analyses are carried out for a wide range of frequency spectrum. The strength and weakness of the proposed approaches are shown; in particular, the model shows great accuracy even though it requires minimal computational effort.


2014 - Nonlinear Dynamics of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

The nonlinear dynamics of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes is studied. The Sanders-Koiter elastic shell theory is applied. The carbon nanotube deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Free boundary conditions are considered. The total energy distribution of the system is studied by considering the combinations of different vibration modes. The effect of the companion mode participation on the energy distribution is analysed.


2014 - Nonlinear oscillations and energy localization in carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, Angelo Oreste; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract

In this paper, the low-frequency nonlinear oscillations and energy localizations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) are analysed. The SWNTs dynamics is studied within the framework of the Sanders-Koiter thin shell theory. The circumferential flexure vibration modes (CFMs) are considered. Simply supported boundary conditions are investigated. Two different approaches are compared, based on numerical and analytical models. The numerical model uses a double series expansion for the displacement fields based on the Chebyshev polynomials and harmonic functions. The Lagrange equations are considered to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion which are solved using the implicit Runge-Kutta numerical method. The analytical model considers a reduced form of the shell theory assuming small circumferential and tangential shear deformations. The Galerkin procedure is used to get the nonlinear ordinary differential equations of motion which are solved using the multiple scales analytical method. The natural frequencies obtained by considering the two approaches are compared in linear field. The effect of the aspect ratio on the analytic and numerical values of the localization threshold is investigated in nonlinear field.


2013 - Nonlinear dynamics of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

The nonlinear vibrations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter elastic shell theory is applied in order to obtain the elastic strain energy and kinetic energy. The carbon nanotube deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. The theory considers geometric nonlinearities due to large amplitude of vibration. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. Free boundary conditions are considered. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions. An energy approach based on the Lagrange equations is considered in order to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The total energy distribution of the shell is studied by considering combinations of different vibration modes. The effect of the conjugate modes is analysed.


2013 - Nonlinear vibrations and energy conservation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, Antonio; Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Barbieri, Marco
abstract

The nonlinear vibrations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter elastic shell theory is applied in order to obtain the elastic strain energy and kinetic energy. The carbon nanotube deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. The theory considers geometric nonlinearities due to large amplitude of vibration. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied in order to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. Free boundary conditions are analysed. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions; an energy approach based on the Lagrange equations is considered in order to reduce the nonlinear partial differential equations to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Nondimensional parameters are considered. The total energy conservation of the system is verified by considering the combinations of different vibration modes. The effect of the companion mode participation on the nonlinear vibrations of the carbon nanotube is analysed.


2013 - Nonlinear vibrations and energy distribution of carbon nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, Angelo Oreste; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract

The nonlinear vibrations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter thin shell theory is applied in order to obtain the elastic strain and kinetic energy. The carbon nanotube deformation is described in terms of axial, circumferential and radial displacement fields. The theory considers geometric nonlinearities due to large amplitude of vibration. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. Free boundary conditions are considered. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions. An energy approach based on the Lagrange equations is then considered to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The total energy distribution of the shell is studied by considering combinations of different vibration modes. The effect of the conjugate modes is analysed.


2013 - Nonlinear vibrations and energy distribution of carbon nanotubes [Capitolo/Saggio]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco; Smirnov, Valeri V.; Shepelev, Denis S.
abstract

The nonlinear vibrations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter elastic shell theory is applied in order to obtain the elastic strain energy and kinetic energy. The carbon nanotube deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. The theory considers geometric nonlinearities due to large amplitude of vibration. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. Free boundary conditions are considered. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions. An energy approach based on the Lagrange equations is considered in order to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The total energy distribution of the shell is studied by considering combinations of different vibration modes. The effect of the conjugate modes participation is analysed.


2013 - Nonlinear vibrations and energy distribution of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

The nonlinear vibrations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter elastic shell theory is applied in order to obtain the elastic strain energy and kinetic energy. The carbon nanotube deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. The theory considers geometric nonlinearities due to large amplitude of vibration. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. The Rayleigh-Ritz method is applied in order to obtain approximate natural frequencies and mode shapes. Free boundary conditions are considered. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions. An energy approach based on the Lagrange equations is considered in order to obtain a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The energy distribution of the system is studied by considering combinations of different vibration modes. The effect of the conjugate modes participation on the energy distribution is analysed.


2013 - Nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded circular cylindrical shells subjected to harmonic external load [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

The nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded (FGM) circular cylindrical shells are analysed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied in order to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the circumferential variable. Both driven and companion modes are considered. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterize the nonlinear response when the shell is subjected to a harmonic external load. A convergence analysis is carried out to obtain the correct number of axisymmetric and asymmetric modes describing the actual nonlinear behaviour. The influence of the material distribution on the nonlinear response is analysed considering different configurations and volume fractions of the constituent materials. The effect of the companion mode participation on the nonlinear response of the shell is analysed.


2013 - Nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded cylindrical shells [Articolo su rivista]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper, the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded (FGM) circular cylindrical shells are analysed. The Sanders–Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported, clamped and free boundary condi- tions are considered. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev orthogonal polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the circumferential variable. Both driven and companion modes are considered; this allows the travelling- wave response of the shell to be modelled. The model is validated in the linear field by means of data retrieved from the pertinent literature. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterise the nonlinear response when the shell is subjected to a harmonic external load; a convergence analysis is carried out by considering a variety of axisymmetric and asymmetric modes. The present study is focused on determining the nonlinear character of the shell dynamics as the geometry (thickness, radius, length) and material properties (constituent volume fractions and configurations of the constituent materials) vary.


2013 - Vibrations of Carbon Nanotubes: nonlinear models and energy distribution [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo; Manevitch, Leonid I.
abstract

Vibrations of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for various boundary conditions are considered in the framework of the Sanders-Koiter thin shell theory. A double series expansion of displacement fields, based on the Chebyshev orthogonal polynomials and harmonic functions, is used to analyse numerically the natural frequencies of shells having free or clamped edges. A reduced form of the Sanders-Koiter theory is developed by assuming small circumferential and shear deformations; such approach allows to determine an analytical solution for the natural frequencies. The numerical model is validated with the results of molecular dynamics and finite element analyses present in literature. The analytical model is validated by means of comparisons with the numerical approach. Nonlinear vibrations and energy distribution of carbon nanotubes are then considered.


2012 - Experimental Study on Prestressed Circular Cylindrical Shell [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, Antonio; Barbieri, Marco; Strozzi, Matteo; Errede, Vito; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper an experimental study on circular cylindrical shells subjected to axial compressive and periodic loads is presented. Even though many researchers have extensively studied nonlinear vibrations of cylindrical shells, experimental studies are rather limited in number. The experimental setup is explained and deeply described along with the analysis of preliminary results. The linear and the nonlinear dynamic behavior associated with a combined effect of compressive static and a periodic axial load have been investigated for different combinations of loads; moreover, a non stationary response of the structure has been observed close to one of the resonances. The linear shell behavior is also investigated by means of a finite element model, in order to enhance the comprehension of experimental results.


2012 - Linear and nonlinear dynamics of a circular cylindrical shell under static and periodic axial load [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Zippo, Antonio; Barbieri, Marco; Strozzi, Matteo; Errede, Vito; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper an experimental study on circular cylindrical shells subjected to axial compres- sive and periodic loads is presented. The setting of the experiment is explained and deeply described along with a complete analysis of the results. The linear and the nonlinear dynamic behaviour associated with a combined effect of compressive static and a periodic axial load has been considered and a chaotic response of the structure has been observed close to the resonance. The linear shell behaviour is also investigated by means of a theoretical and finite element model, in order to enhance the comprehension of experimental results, i.e. the natural frequencies of the system and their ratios.


2012 - Nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded cylindrical shells: Effect of companion mode participation [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper, the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded (FGM) circular cylindrical shells are analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev orthogonal polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the circumferential variable. Both driven and companion modes are considered, allowing for the travelling-wave response of the shell. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterize the nonlinear response when the shell is subjected to an harmonic external load. A convergence analysis is carried out to obtain the correct number of axisymmetric and asymmetric modes describing the actual nonlinear behavior of the shells. The effect of the geometry on the nonlinear vibrations of the shells is analyzed, and a comparison of nonlinear amplitude-frequency curves of cylindrical shells with different geometries is carried out. The influence of the companion mode participation on the nonlinear response of the shells is analyzed; frequency-response curves with companion mode participation (i.e. the actual response of the shell) are obtained. The present model is validated in the linear field (natural frequencies) by means of data present in the literature.


2012 - Nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded cylindrical shells: effect of the companion mode participation [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, Angelo Oreste; Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract

In this paper, the effect of the companion mode participation on the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded (FGM) cylindrical shells is analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable and harmonic functions for the circumferential variable. Both driven and companion modes are considered. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterize the nonlinear response when the shell is subjected to an harmonic external load. A convergence analysis is carried out by considering a different number of axisymmetric and asymmetric modes. The present study is focused on modelling the nonlinear travelling-wave response of the shell in the circumferential direction with the companion mode participation.


2012 - Nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded cylindrical shells: Effect of the geometry [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco; Zippo, Antonio
abstract

In this paper, the effect of the geometry on the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded (FGM) cylindrical shells is analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. In the linear analysis, after spatial discretization, mass and stiff matrices are computed, natural frequencies and mode shapes of the shell are obtained. In the nonlinear analysis, the three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions obtained by the linear analysis; specific modes are selected. The Lagrange equations reduce nonlinear partial differential equations to a set of ordinary differential equations. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterize the nonlinear response of the shell. A convergence analysis is carried out to determine the correct number of the modes to be used. The analysis is focused on determining the nonlinear character of the response as the geometry of the shell varies.


2011 - Effect of the boundary conditions on the vibrations of functionally graded shells [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Andrisano, Angelo Oreste; Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo
abstract

In this paper, the effect of the boundary conditions on the nonlinear vibration of functionally graded circular cylindrical shells is analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model the nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterize the nonlinear response when the shell is subjected to an harmonic external load; different geometries and material distributions are considered. A convergence analysis is carried out in order to determine the correct number of the modes to be used; the role of the axisymmetric and asymmetric modes is carefully analyzed. The effect of the geometry on the nonlinear response is investigated; i.e. thickness and radius are varied; simply supported, clamped-clamped and free-free shells are considered. The effect of the constituent volume fractions and the configurations of the constituent materials on the natural frequencies and nonlinear response are studied.


2011 - Effect of the geometry on the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded cylindrical shells [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Pellicano, Francesco; Strozzi, Matteo; Zippo, Antonio
abstract

In this paper, the effect of the geometry on the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded (FGM) cylindrical shells is analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. Shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields; the theory considers geometric nonlinearities due to the large amplitude of vibration. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. The displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. Both driven and companion modes are considered, allowing for the travelling-wave response of the shell. The functionally graded material is made of a uniform distribution of stainless steel and nickel, the material properties are graded in the thickness direction, according to a volume fraction power-law distribution.The first step of the procedure is the linear analysis, i.e. after spatial discretization mass and stiff matrices are computed and natural frequencies and mode shapes of the shell are obtained, the latter are represented by analytical continuous functions defined over all the shell domain. In the nonlinear model, the shell is subjected to an external harmonic radial excitation, close to the resonance of a shell mode, it induces nonlinear behaviors due to large amplitude of vibration. The three displacement fields are re-expanded by using approximate eigenfunctions, which were obtained by the linear analysis; specific modes are selected. An energy approach based on the Lagrange equations is considered, in order to reduce the nonlinear partial differential equations to a set of ordinary differential equations.Numerical analyses are carried out in order characterize the nonlinear response, considering different geometries and material distribution. A convergence analysis is carried out in order to determine the correct number of the modes to be used; the role of the axisymmetric and asymmetric modes carefully analyzed. The analysis is focused on determining the nonlinear character of the response as the geometry (thickness, radius, length) and material properties (power-law exponent and configurations of the constituent materials) vary; in particular, the effect of the constituent volume fractions and the configurations of the constituent materials on the natural frequencies and nonlinear response are studied.Results are validated using data available in literature, i.e. linear natural frequencies.


2011 - Nonlinear vibration of functionally graded cylindrical shells: effect of constituent volume fractions and configurations [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco
abstract

In this paper, the nonlinear vibration of functionally graded (FGM) cylindrical shells under different constituent volume fractions and configurations is analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. The shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. Displacement fields are expanded by means of a double mixed series based on harmonic functions for the circumferential variable and Chebyshev polynomials for the longitudinal variable. Both driven and companion modes are also considered, allowing for the travelling-wave response of the shell. The functionally graded material considered is made of stainless steel and nickel, properties are graded in the thickness direction according to a real volume fraction power-law distribution. In the nonlinear model, shells are subjected to an external radial excitation. Nonlinear vibrations due to large amplitude of excitation are considered. Specific modes are selected in the modal expansions; a dynamical nonlinear system is then obtained. Lagrange equations are used to reduce nonlinear partial differential equations to a set of ordinary differential equations, from the potential and kinetic energies, and the virtual work of the external forces. Different geometries are analyzed; amplitude-frequency curves are obtained. Convergence tests are carried out considering a different number of asymmetric and axisymmetric modes. The present model is validated in linear field (natural frequencies) by means of data present in the literature.


2011 - Nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded circular cylindrical shells [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Strozzi, Matteo; Pellicano, Francesco; Zippo, Antonio
abstract

In this paper, the effect of the geometry on the nonlinear vibrations of functionally graded cy- lindrical shells is analyzed. The Sanders-Koiter theory is applied to model nonlinear dynamics of the system in the case of finite amplitude of vibration. Shell deformation is described in terms of longitudinal, circumferential and radial displacement fields. Simply supported boundary conditions are considered. Numerical analyses are carried out in order to characterize the nonlinear response when the shell is subjected to an harmonic external load; different geometries and material distribu- tions are considered. A convergence analysis is carried out in order to determine the correct number of the modes to be used; the role of the axisymmetric and asymmetric modes is carefully analyzed. The analysis is focused on determining the nonlinear character of the response as the geometry (thickness, radius, length) and material properties (power-law exponent N and configurations of the constituent materials) vary. The effect of the constituent volume fractions and the configurations of the constituent materials on the natural frequencies and nonlinear response are studied.