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GABRIELE GUIDI

DIPENDENTE AZIENDA POLICLINICO
Dipartimento di Ingegneria "Enzo Ferrari"

Insegnamento: Medical Physics

Physics - Fisica (Offerta formativa 2024)

Obiettivi formativi

The course is intended to give to the participants a basic knowledge about some of the principal diagnostic and therapy techniques that makes use of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in humans from a physical (technical) point of view.
- Physics Applied to Medicine (Radiology, Magnetic Resonance, Nuclear Medicine, Computer Science, Radiotherapy and Radiation Protection)
- the technologies used in medicine and physics
- the methods for image acquisition, reconstruction and calculation of medical images,
- the principles of radiobiology
- the principles of radiation protection applied to medicine, patients and worker and environments
- the principles and application of the predicted methods and of artificial intelligence
Will be presented the technologies, algorithms and practical cases of the activities of a medical physicist, in the hospital, research, industrial and development fields

Prerequisiti

None required. Knowledge of elements of classical physics (mechanics and electro-magnetism) are suggested.

Programma del corso

The course introduces the technologies and applied physics used in Medical Physics, in particular in Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Radiotherapy, Radiobiology and Radiation Protection, such as image reconstruction and dose calculation and manage of the isotope and source of ionizing radiation. Themes of artificial intelligence applied to medicine and aspects of radiation protection applied in the medical field.

Radiology (8 Hours)
Digital radiography and computed tomography
Elements of radiation interaction and details of the X-ray tube
Technologies, data acquisition techniques e image reconstruction algorithms

Magnetic resonance (8 Hours) Technologies and elements of physics MR
Introduction to MR sequences and image reconstruction methods, including advanced techniques (Diffusion Tensor
Imaging, fMRI, ...)

Nuclear medicine (8 Hours)
Principles and physics of single photon emission (SPECT) and positron emission (PET) technologies. Image reconstruction and distribution aspects of radiopharmaceuticals and molecules labeled with radioactive isotopes

Radiotherapy (8 Hours)
Principles, technologies and techniques in modern radiotherapy. Technologies and operation of linear accelerators and imaging systems.
Acquisition, reconstruction and advanced imaging techniques, in particular for the calculation of the dose and deformation of organs and tissues.
Principles of artificial intelligence applied to medical physics and to images in medicine. Predictive methods and application in diagnostic-therapeutic procedures.

Principles, dose administration and biological effects of ionizing radiation (Radiobiology) (8 Hours)


Radiation protection. (8 Hours)
Aspects of radiation protection and methods of measuring. Interaction of radiation in matter and management of aspects, applied to the field of medicine.

Metodi didattici

The course is delivered through face-to-face lectures , audiovisual means (Slides, Video) and literature analysis. The attendance face-to-face is not compulsory, but strongly suggested.
Books and guidelines are available at international and national level.
Interactive discussions during lessons with question and answer to the specific topic and build of a personal project work.
The course is delivered in english.

Testi di riferimento

Guidelines, presentations and literature available during the lessons and updated at the state of art the medical physics .
Useful texts suggested for further information:
Radiation biology: A Handbook for teachers and students - IAEA
Radiation Oncology Physics Handbook - IAEA
Diagnostic Radio-biology Physics : A Handbook for teachers and students - IAEA
Nuclear Medicine Physics - A Handbook for teachers and students - IAEA

Verifica dell'apprendimento

Project with a small written work to be presented at the final oral examination (30 minutes). Two or three questions about the different topics of the course connected to the project. These questions are aimed to evaluate - knowledge and understanding skills - communications skills - autonomy of judgement - capacity to create a scientific and professional report or manuscript.
Full knowledge, novelty and understanding of advanced medical physics will be evaluated with maximum grade. Minimum knowledge will be evaluated with minimum grade (18). Intermediate grade depending on the quality of the project work.
The result is communicated directly to the student at the end of the oral exam.

Risultati attesi

Conoscenza e Capacita di Comprensione
Tramite lezioni frontali lo studente potra' apprendere e accrescere le conoscenze:
- della Fisica Appplicata alla medicina (Radiologia, Risonanza Magnetica, Medicina Nucleare, Computer Science, Radioterapia, Radioprotezione)
- della Fisica Medica
- delle tecnologie utilizzate in medicina e fisica che utilizzano radiazioni ionizzanti e non ionizzanti
- delle metodiche di calcolo e ricostruzione delle immagini mediche
- delle metodiche di acquisizioni delle immagini mediche
- dei principi della radiobiologia
- dei principi di radioprotezione applicati alla medicina, ai pazienti e ai luoghi e ambienti di lavoro
- dei principi e applicazione dei metodi preditti e di intelligenza artificale, applicati alla fisica medica e alle immagini mediche
Saranno presentate tecnologie, algoritmi e casi pratici delle attivita di un professionista fisico medico, nell'ambito ospedaliero, di ricerca e nel campo industriale e di sviluppo

Capacita di applicare la conoscenza
Attraverso prove scritte e discussioni gli studenti si cimenteranno con le capacita di sviluppare un project work, specifico di un argomento, riassumendo in una presentazione sintetica ed esposizione del proprio elaborato, presentarlo ai propri colleghi di studio e docente, e rispondere a domande inerenti alle tematiche del corso, mediante esami orali

Autonomia e Giudizio
Lo studente potra confrontarsi con la propria capacita di organizzare e sviluppare un argomento di interesse, inerente le tematiche del corso, con focus sulle peculiarita e curiosita che ha sviluppato durante il corso, approfondendo e sviluppando i propri interessi e curiosita. sara in grado di scegliere in modo autonomo le modalita di sviluppo e presentazione del suo project work

Abilita comunicative
Lo studente sviluppera la propria capacita comunicativa nell'ambito della esposizione ai propri colleghi e docente del proprio elaborato e rispondendo alle domande e discussioni che possono sorgere in modo inatteso durante la propria presentazione. sviluppera quinid una capacita di relazionarsi e difendere il proprio lavoro, migliorando e sviluppando la propria consapevolezza del sapere.

Capacita di apprendimento
Le attivita e presentazioni dei molteplici campi in cui opera la fisica medica, consentiranno allo studente di acquisire in modo consapevole l'elevato numero di attivita in cui un fisico medico opera e apprendere le molteplici aree in cui puo estendersi l'attivita e prospettiva di lavoro, ricerca o sviluppo