Personale tecnico amministrativo
- Differentiation-dependent lysine 4 acetylation enhances MEF2C binding to DNA in skeletal muscle cells
[Articolo su rivista]
Angelelli, Cecilia; Magli, Alessandro; Ferrari, Daniela; Ganassi, M; Matafora, V; Parise, Flavia; Razzini, Giorgia; Bachi, A; Ferrari, Stefano; Molinari, Susanna
Myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) proteins play a key role in promoting the expression of muscle-specific genes in differentiated muscle cells. MEF2 activity is regulated by the association with several transcriptional co-factors and by post-translational modifications. In the present report, we provide evidence for a novel regulatory mechanism of MEF2C activity, which occurs at the onset of skeletal muscle differentiation and is based on Lys4 acetylation. This covalent modification results in the enhancement of MEF2C binding to DNA and chromatin. In particular, we report that the kinetic parameters of MEF2/DNA association change substantially upon induction of differentiation to give a more stable complex and that this effect is mediated by Lys4 acetylation. We also show that Lys4 acetylation plays a prominent role in the p300-dependent activation of MEF2C.
- Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor/transferrin fusion protein: in vivoproduction and functional evaluation as a potential therapeutic tool forlowering plasma LDL cholesterol.
[Articolo su rivista]
Razzini, Giorgia; Parise, Flavia; Calebiro, D; Battini, Renata; Bagni, Bruno; Corazzari, Tolmino; Tarugi, Patrizia Maria; Angelelli, Cecilia; Molinari, Susanna; Falqui, L; Ferrari, Stefano
A soluble form of human low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) fused in frame with rabbit transferrin (LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab)) is assessed in vivo as a therapeutic tool for lowering plasma LDL cholesterol. The cDNA encoding LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) is expressed in mice, using a hydrodynamics-based gene transfer procedure. The transgene is transcribed in the liver of transduced animals and the corresponding protein is secreted into the bloodstream. Circulating LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) binds LDL specifically, thus indicating that it is correctly processed through the cellular compartments in vivo. More importantly, the expression of LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) allows the removal of injected human (125)I-labeled LDL ((123)I-LDL) from the bloodstream of transduced CD1 mice, which show faster LDL plasma clearance, anticipating by approximately 90 min the same clearance value observed in control animals. A similar effect is observed in transduced LDL-R(-/-) mice, in which the clearance of injected human LDL depends solely on the presence of circulating LDL-Rs(hu) /Tf(rab). In these animals the extent of plasma LDL clearance is directly related to the concentration of LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) in the blood. Finally, LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) does not alter the pattern of LDL organ distribution: in transduced animals, as well as in control animals, liver and bladder are the predominantly labeled organs after (123)I-LDL injection. However, LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) has a quantitative effect on LDL tissue deposition: in treated animals LDL-Rs(hu)/Tf(rab) determines an increase in radioactivity in the liver at early times after (123)I-LDL injection and a progressive labeling of the bladder, starting 20 min after injection.