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Lucia Antonietta LAROCCA

Personale tecnico amministrativo
Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi"

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2000 - Does gallbladder motility relate to biliary symptom frequency in cholesterol gallstone patients? [Articolo su rivista]
Colecchia, A.; Primavera, A.; Larocca, A.; Sandri, L.

Although gallbladder motility (GM) plays a role in cholesterol gallstone (GS) pathogenesis, its role in the development of biliary symptoms is still debated. GM in symptomatic (S) and asymptomatic (AS) GS patients is evaluated and GM differences in relation to biliary symptom frequency are assessed. Recent biliary symptoms seem to be present with GS with high % emptying (%E), but not with low (%E). If these findings are confirmed in a longitudinal study, the finding of a high %E during GM evaluation could be predictive of biliary pain, which might help physicians in clinical decision making.

2000 - Review: Low caloric intake and gall-bladder motor function [Articolo su rivista]
Festi, D.; Colecchia, A.; Larocca, A.; Villanova, N.; Mazzella, G.; Petroni, M. L.; Romano F, F.; Roda, E.

Cholelithiasis is the primary expression of obesity in the hepatobiliary system. In obese subjects the risk of developing gallstones is increased due to a higher cholesterol saturation of gall-bladder bile. During weight reduction with very low calorie diets (VLCD) the incidence of gallstones increases, but the mechanism for gallstone formation is not completely understood and several pathogenetic mechanisms have been suggested: increased saturation of bile, increased gall-bladder secretion of mucin and calcium, increased presence of prostaglandins and arachidonic acid. Alterations in gall-bladder motility may contribute to gallstone formation, but few studies have addressed the issue of gall-bladder motility during rapid weight loss and its possible role in gallstone formation. VLCD have been associated with a gall-bladder stasis, as a consequence of reduced gall-bladder stimulation by low fat content of the diets. A threshold quantity of fat (10 g) has been documented to obtain efficient gallbladder emptying. Ursodeoxycholic acid administered during VLCD seems to have a protective role in developing a biliary cholesterol crystals. Gall-bladder emptying was lower in response to low fat meals with respect to relative higher fat meals, before as well as during the VLCD. This may account the possibility of an adaptative response of the gall-bladder motility to a given diet regimen. Adequate fat content of the VLCD may prevent gallstone formation, maintaining adequate gall-bladder motility and may be more economic and physiologically acceptable than administration of a pharmacological agent.