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Dipartimento di Ingegneria "Enzo Ferrari"

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2023 - Analytical pressure–deflection curves for the inflation of pre-stretched circular membranes [Articolo su rivista]
Sirotti, S.; Pelliciari, M.; Aloisio, A.; Tarantino, A. M.

2022 - Analytical, numerical and experimental study of the finite inflation of circular membranes [Articolo su rivista]
Pelliciari, M.; Sirotti, S.; Aloisio, A.; Tarantino, A. M.

In the present work we derive an analytical expression for the pressure–deflection curve of circular membranes subjected to inflation. This problem has been studied mostly from a numerical point of view and there is still a lack of accurate closed-form solutions in nonlinear elasticity. The analytical formulation is developed with a semi-inverse method by setting a priori the kinematics of deformation of the membrane. A compressible Mooney–Rivlin material model is considered and a pressure–deflection relation is derived from the equilibrium. The kinematics is approximated and therefore the obtained solution is not exact. Consequently, the formulation is adjusted by introducing an additional polynomial function in the pressure–deflection equation. The polynomial is calibrated by fitting numerical solutions of the exact system of differential equilibrium equations. The calibration is done over a wide range of constitutive parameters that covers the response of all rubber materials for technological applications. As a result, a definitive and accurate expression of the applied pressure as a function of the deflection of the membrane is obtained. The formula is validated with finite element (FE) simulations and compared with other solutions available in the literature. The comparison shows that the present model is more accurate. In addition, unlike the other models, it can be applied to compressible materials. Experimental uniaxial and bulge tests are carried out on rubber materials and the model proposed is used to characterize the Mooney–Rivlin constitutive parameters. Since the pressure–deflection formula is accurate and easy-to-use, it is an innovative tool in engineering applications of inflated membranes.

2022 - Damage-Based Hysteresis Bouc-Wen Model for Reinforced Concrete Elements [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Sirotti, S.; Pelliciari, M.; Briseghella, B.; Tarantino, A. M.

2022 - Optimization of the structural coupling between RC frames, CLT shear walls and asymmetric friction connections [Articolo su rivista]
Aloisio, A.; Pelliciari, M.; Sirotti, S.; Boggian, F.; Tomasi, R.

This paper focuses on the optimum design of the e-CLT technology. The e-CLT technology consists in adding cross laminated timber (CLT) walls to an existing reinforced concrete (RC) infilled frame via asymmetric friction connection (AFC). The authors carried out quasi-static and nonlinear dynamic analyses. The RC frame is modeled in OpenSees by fiber-section-based elements with force-based formulation. The contribution of the infill is simulated using a degrading data-driven Bouc–Wen model with a slip-lock element while the AFC is modelled with a modified Coulomb model. Different types of infill, aspect ratio, scaling, and member size are considered. The benefits of using e-CLT technology are discussed and the ranges of optimum performance of the AFC are estimated. A comparison of the performance of traditional infills with the e-CLT system is presented. The authors provide optimum intervals of the ratio between slip force and in-plane stiffness of the CLT panel, following energy and displacement-based criteria. The seismic displacement demand under various seismic scenario is investigated. Correlations between the RC characteristics and the optimum design ratios bestow possible criteria for the design of the AFC.

2021 - A degrading bouc-wen data-driven model for the cyclic behavior of masonry infilled RC frames [Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Pelliciari, M.; Sirotti, S.; Di Trapani, F.; Briseghella, B.; Marano, G. C.; Nuti, C.; Tarantino, A. M.

Mechanics-based macro-models are often used to simulate the cyclic response of infilled reinforced concrete (RC) frames. However, these approaches are affected by uncertainties regarding damage and failure mechanisms. Therefore, this contribution proposes a new smooth data-driven model for the hysteresis of infilled RC frames. The infill panel is modeled through a damage-based Bouc-Wen element, which accounts for both pinching and deterioration of the mechanical characteristics. The parameters of the model are calibrated from an experimental data set of cyclic responses of RC infilled frames. Analytical correlations between parameters and geometric and mechanical characteristics of the infilled frame are derived. Blind validation tests are carried out in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.

2021 - Development and Validation of New Bouc-Wen Data-Driven Hysteresis Model for Masonry Infilled RC Frames [Articolo su rivista]
Sirotti, S.; Pelliciari, M.; Di Trapani, F.; Briseghella, B.; Carlo Marano, G.; Nuti, C.; Tarantino, A. M.

During the last years, several mechanics-based macromodels have been proposed to assess the cyclic response of infilled RC frames. However, the uncertainties behind the assumptions on damage and failure mechanisms compromise the reliability of such approaches. For this reason, this paper proposes a new data-driven hysteresis model for the cyclic response of infilled RC frames. The infill panel is schematized as a single-degree-of-freedom element, whose constitutive law is given by the proposed hysteresis model. The model combines a degrading Bouc-Wen element with a slip-lock element, which is introduced specifically to reproduce the pinching effect due to crack openings in the masonry panel. The parameters governing the model have clear physical meanings and are calibrated on the basis of an experimental data set of cyclic responses of single-story single-bay RC infilled frames. The calibrations are carried out by means of a genetic algorithm-based optimization. Analytical correlation laws linking the model parameters with geometric and mechanical properties of the RC infilled frame are proposed and validated by blind validation tests. Results show adequate accuracy of the model in reproducing the cyclic response of infilled frames characterized by significantly different geometrical and mechanical features. The model is defined by a smooth analytical hysteresis law, with great advantages regarding numerical stability and computational effort. This makes it suitable for dynamic and stochastic simulations.