Foto personale

Doriano CASTALDINI

Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences

Siddiqui, Saima; Castaldini, Doriano; Soldati, Mauro ( 2017 ) - DEM-based drainage network analysis using steepness and Hack SL indices to identify areas of differential uplift in Emilia-Romagna Apennines, northern Italy - ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES - n. volume 10.1 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The landscape evolution in active orogens is mainly dictated by the interaction of tectonic and erosional processes. Semi-automated river profile analysis has been performed to investigate the influence of neotectonics on topographic evolution in Emilia–Romagna Apennines, northern Italy. The objective is to use the drainage network from digital elevation model (DEM) to constrain the active structures and prepare the relative uplift rates, steepness and Hack index maps of the region for the first time. Profiles of Secchia, Panaro and Reno rivers and their tributaries were modelled using stream length gradient index and area-slope analysis for concavity, steepness and uplift indices. These proved to be the most useful topographic metrics for recording the effects of local-scale and/or regional-scale active faults. Different zones are distinguished through differential relative uplift. The differences in uplift rates have been found both transverse and parallel to the mountain chain. The highly deformed areas correspond to the presence of active faults. Description of drainage pattern, river profiles, knickpoints, steepness and stream gradient analysis (Hack SL index) are found to be in good agreement with other datasets, signifying that local tectonic deformation of the study area is embedded within a broader, regional uplift of the mountain chain, in association with compressional and extensional structures.

Doriano, Castaldini; Paola, Coratza; Maria Teresa De Nardo, ( 2017 ) - Geologia e Geomorfologia delle Salse di Nirano - ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ DEI NATURALISTI E MATEMATICI DI MODENA - n. volume 148 - pp. da 23 a 58 ISSN: 0365-7027 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Attraverso ricerche bibliografiche, fotointerpretazione di immagini telerilevate multiscalari e multitemporali e rilevamenti di dettaglio è stato condotto un approfondimento sull’evoluzione delle caratteristiche dei punti di emissione e dei depositi attivi delle Salse di Nirano. Sono stati inoltre raccolti e interpretati dati geologici del sottosuolo per la ricostruzione del modello geologico locale. Queste ricerche hanno portato all’elaborazione di una Carta geologico-geomorfologica alla scala 1:5000 dell’area delle Salse di Nirano. In essa, tra gli altri aspetti, sono indicati tutti i punti lutivomi distinti in coni e polle e gli allineamenti principali che caratterizzano le bocche lutivome e che corrispondono a sistemi di fratture utilizzati per la fuoriuscita dei fanghi mescolati a gas.

Coratza, Paola; Castaldini, Doriano ( 2017 ) - Mud Volcanoes in the Emilia-Romagna Apennines: Small Landforms of Outstanding Scenic and Scientific Value - Landscapes and Landforms of Italy - Springer International Publishing Charm CHE) - pp. da 225 a 234 ISBN: 9783319261928; 9783319261942 | 9783319261942 ISSN: 2213-2090 [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Mud volcanoes are emissions of cold mud due to the ascent to the surface of salty and muddy waters mixed with gaseous (methane) and, in minor part, fluid hydrocarbons (petroleum veils) along faults and fractures. In the Emilia-Romagna Apennines (Northern Italy) mud volcanoes are closely linked to the active tectonic compression associated with a thrust of regional importance. They are mostly cone-shaped and show variable geometry and size, ranging from one to few metres, and are located in 19 sites in the northwestern part of the Apennines. The mud volcanoes of the region have been known since a long time and have always aroused great interest due to their outstanding scenic value. In the past the mud volcano emissions have been used in many ways: the mud was applied for cosmetic use and the natural oil was much appreciated for its balsamic and purgative properties. In the last decades the mud volcanoes have represented a relevant tourist attractiveness.

Doriano, Castaldini; Paola, Coratza; Giovanni, Tosatti ( 2017 ) - Natural and anthropogenic agents in the present geomorphological dynamics of the Torrent Corlo mountain catchment (Northern Apennines, Italy) - REVISTA DE GEOMORFOLOGIE - n. volume 19 - pp. da 88 a 100 ISSN: 1453-5068 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The morphological changes affecting a small mountain catchment in the territory of Modena (Italy) have been taken into account. In particular, based on detailed field surveys and analysis of remote sensing imagery, an assessment was made on the natural and anthropogenic agents which have modelled this basin in the past 80 years. For several decades, the Torrent Corlo catchment was subject to intense exploitation of clay raw materials in order to supply a flourishing ceramic tile industry. As a result, a strong, negative impact has affected the landscape and, in some areas, the geomorphological evolution due to man’s activities greatly surpasses the changes ascribable to natural processes, such as landslides or stream channel processes. Since 2008, all quarrying activities have ceased and the local public administration has started a project of reclamation of the abandoned clay pits, although it will not be possible to restore completely the original, natural features of this catchment. A comparison is made with the sub-catchment Rio delle Vigne valley, which has been spared from anthropogenic changes and has been affected only by natural gravity-induced processes, which have produced some twelve landslides. The final products of this research are the implementation of the first geomorphological map of the T. Corlo mountain catchment and an updated version of the hydrological hazard map, in which active and dormant landslides are much more numerous than those mapped in any other previous geological map (s.l.). These documents can be utilized for any intervention by public boards aiming at recuperating and improving this intensely exploited area.

Dallai, Daniele; Rebecchi, Christian; Buldrini, Fabrizio; Pezzi, Giovanna; Cuni, Italo; Castaldini, Doriano; Santagata, Tommaso; Camorani, Marco; Coratza, Paola; Teresa De Nardo, Maria; Conventi, Marzia ( 2016 ) - Distribuzione spaziale della popolazione di Puccinellia fasciculata (Torr.) Bicknell nelle Salse di Nirano (SIC IT 4040007) - Conferenza ASITA 2016 - pp. da 249 a 256 ISBN: 9788894123265 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Le Salse di Nirano sono uno degli esempi piú completi in Emilia-Romagna di consociazione floristica mioalofila, in cui le diverse specie hanno una tipica disposizione ad anelli concentrici sulle pendici dei coni: qui si trova la maggiore delle 3 popolazioni d’entroterra di Puccinellia fasciculata note in Italia, esclusive dell’Emilia-Romagna e ascritte all’habitat 1340*. L’area a tutela integrale, non piú soggetta a pressione antropica, si caratterizza per una progressiva ripresa della vegetazione boschiva spontanea, che sul lungo periodo può influire su assetto spaziale e consistenza della popolazione, perciò è stato avviato un progetto che prevede controlli annuali della superficie occupata dalla specie. I primi rilievi, eseguiti nel 2015 e 2016, hanno rivelato oscillazioni anche notevoli nell’estensione degli anelli di vegetazione alofila, sia fra coni diversi, sia entro lo stesso cono, per lo piú legate a spostamenti delle colate di fango, intensità e frequenza delle eruzioni; l’estensione dell’habitat 1340*, inoltre, è assai minore rispetto a quanto stimato in precedenza. La prosecuzione delle indagini qui presentate e verifiche piú approfondite con strumenti ad alta definizione consentiranno di comprendere meglio la relazione fra dinamismo geomorfologico dei coni e distribuzione spaziale delle alofite.

Doriano, Castaldini ( 2016 ) - Effetti ambientali sismoindotti e rumours relativi alla sequenza sismica emiliana del 2012 - Unimore e il terremoto del 2012 in Emilia Romagna. Interventi e ricerche per fronteggiare l'emergenza e sostenere la ripresa - APM Edizioni Carpi ITA) - pp. da 43 a 52 ISBN: 9788889109892 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Nel 2012 la pianura emiliana è stata l'epicentro di terremoti con M = 5.9 (20 maggio), M = 5.8 (29 maggio) e altri numerosi eventi sismici. L'articolo descrive gli effetti ambientali sismoindotti ( fessurazioni del terreno, fenomeni di liquefazione, anomalie idrologiche, etc..) e i rumors sulle cause della sequenza sismica.

Biolchi S.; Furlani S.; Devoto S.; Gauci R.; Castaldini D.; Soldati M. ( 2016 ) - Geomorphological identification, classification and spatial distribution of coastal landforms of Malta (Mediterranean Sea) - JOURNAL OF MAPS - n. volume 12(1) - pp. da 87 a 99 ISSN: 1744-5647 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper presents the outcomes of a geomorphological investigation carried out along the coasts of the island of Malta and provides a detailed classification of the Maltese coastline based on the identification and definition of specific coastal geomorphotypes. The results of field surveys, supported by air-photo interpretation, have led to the production of a coastal geomorphological map at 1:30,000 scale which outlines the processes and related deposits and landforms. The latter are the result of the complex interplay of structural, gravitational, coastal and karst processes. Moreover, radiocarbon dates of marine organisms encrusted on boulders mapped along the NE coast are presented. The paper is accompanied by the above mentioned geomorphological map.

Castaldini, Doriano; Fioroni, Chiara; Soldati, Mauro ( 2016 ) - I vulcani di fango più spettacolari d’Italia: visita guidata alle Salse di Nirano (Appennino Modenese); The most spectacular mud volcanoes in Italy: guided tour to the “Salse di Nirano” (Modena Apennine) - MEMORIE DESCRITTIVE DELLA CARTA GEOLOGICA D'ITALIA - n. volume 102 (2014) - pp. da 7 a 16 ISSN: 0536-0242 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The natural reserve of Salse di Nirano is an “integrated area” located in a hilly area of the Modena Apennine margin. The area is characterized by cold emissions of mud due to the ascent to the surface of salty and muddy waters mixed with methane and fluid hydrocarbons. Such emissions give rise to characteristic mud ejection structures. The shape of the ejection is related to the density of the mud and may result in cones if the mud is very dense or in levelpool if it is fluid. The “salse” are located in a sub-circular depression caused by a gravitational collapse related to the mud ejected. The protected area has been declared a “Site of Community Importance” and has had the recognition of “Geosite” for the protection of the cultural heritage of our country. The Reserve welcomes over 70.000 visitors a year who can visit the area by means of equipped paths provided with explanatory panels and a tourist-environmental map of the area, that combines the main geological and geomorphological aspects with tourist information.

Siddiqui S.; Soldati M.; Castaldini D. ( 2015 ) - Appraisal of active deformation from drainage network and faults: inferences from non-linear analysis - EARTH SCIENCE INFORMATICS - n. volume 8 - pp. da 233 a 246 ISSN: 1865-0473 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This investigation reveals the relative susceptibility of the landscape to surface deformation by means of non-linear analysis of drainage network. The geometrical characteristics of the drainage network are quite capable of discriminating the impact of active tectonics. This study uses fractal dimension, lacunarity and succolarity techniques to demarcate numerous zones where the drainage network is tectonically controlled. Rose diagrams are used to compare drainage network orientation with the faults. This investigation is primarily based on the basic concept that the drainage network is subject to linearized and modify from its natural geometrical shape and orientation under the influence of tectonic activity. The areas with similar fractal dimension can be further discriminated by lacunarity and succolarity analysis. A detailed textural investigation of the drainage network (Strahler order „2) of Secchia, Panaro and Reno mountain river basins in northern Apennines, Italy is carried out to analyze the linearization, translational invariance and rotation of the stream patterns. The low fractal dimension values of Secchia, Panaro, Reno, Dragone, Dolo and Setta rivers indicate tectonically controlled drainage. The results reveal that the fractal dimension, lineament density and orientation analysis of drainage network and faults is a significant tool to pinpoint areas susceptible to active deformation.

Sciarra, A.; Cantucci, B.; Castaldini, D.; Procesi, M.; Conventi, M ( 2015 ) - Between history, work and passion: medieval castle, mud volcanoes and Ferrari - GEOLOGICAL FIELD TRIPS - n. volume 7 - pp. da 1 a 42 ISSN: 2038-4947 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This field trip guide organized in the framework of the Goldschmidt Conference 2013, held in Florence from August 25 to 30, 2013, is here presented. The two-days field trip, shows some of the many geological, naturalistic and cultural features in the Fiorano area (Modena), in which history, geology and passion for Ferrari come together in a perfect marriage. The first excursion day is dedicated to visit the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano, where the mud volcanoes, produced by the cold mud, salt water and hydrocarbons - mainly methane- can be observed. The second day is devoted to visit the Ferrari Museum and goes on at the Spezzano Castle, hosting the Ceramics Museum. Clays are, in fact, abundant in the hilly margin, where they form badlands, characteristic narrow crests washed out by running waters. In the Castle there is also a Balsamic Vinegar producing Consortium, it’s a peculiar and typical product of Modena province. The itinerary ends with the tour to Enzo Ferrari’s Birthplace at Modena.

Coratza, P.; Castaldini, D. ( 2015 ) - Geotourism initiatives: some examples from Modena Apennines (northern Italy) - Congress Programme and Abstracts - Hungarian Geographical Society Budapest ) - pp. da 106 a 107 ISBN: 978-615-80307-0-0 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This paper discuss and present a critical overview of some products in the field of geotourism elaborated in recent time in different geological context in Modena Apennines (northern Italy), highlighting strengths and gaps, and also taking into account the target of visitors they are addressed to.

Lanfredi Sofia, Cinzia; Castaldini, Doriano ( 2015 ) - Inventory of coseismic effects in seismic hazard assessment and communication: the case study of 2012 Emilia Earthquakes [Inventario de efeitos co-sismicos para a avaliação local do risco sísmico local e comunicação. O estudo de caso dossismos de Emilia 2012 - VII Congresso Nacional De Geomorfologia. Geomorfologia 2015 - Associação portuguesa de geomorfólogos Lisboa PRT) - n. volume IX - pp. da 291 a 298 ISBN: 9789899646261 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

In the past three years a wide literature related to the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence and its induced environmental effects has been produced. Despite the important and numerous seismic datasets and coseismic effects catalogues built up until present, one uniformed catalogue is still missing. This lack has oriented our work towards the implementation of a more comprehensive inventory, starting from the aerial photos observation and from the contributions of existing databases. This integrated inventory, intends to: (i) to store the hundreds coseismic effects induced by the 2012 seismic sequence in the Po Plain (Italy); (ii) to be an important source of information for local seismic hazard assessment and communication. The study, supported by literature investigation on liquefaction phenomena, introduces those aspects that from the seismotectonic, geological and geomorphological point of views have influenced the earthquake environmental effects (EEE) occurrence and their spatial distribution in the central Po Plain during these 2012 seismic strong events.

Castaldini, Doriano; LANFREDI SOFIA, Cinzia ( 2015 ) - The cartography in seismic hazard assessment and communication: the case study of the 2012 Po Plain Earthquake (northern Italy) - 10th International Congress of the Hellenic Geographical Society : Conference Proceedings - Department of Physical and Environmental Geography. School of Geology. Aristotele University of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki GRC) - pp. da 710 a 720 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

In this article, the use of cartography and geographical information system are discussed within hazard and risk communication approaches. It aims to examine the seismic risk cartography related to the area struck by the 2012 seismic sequence in the Po Plain which was related to the activity of buried Apennines faulted folds. It has consisted of seven M>5 quakes from 20th May to 3rd June 2012 and more than 2500 aftershocks of lower magnitude during almost one year. The most relevant geological effect caused by the two stronger earthquakes (ML = 5.9 and ML = 5.8) was the 10-15 cm uplift of the epicentral area. Moreover several hundreds of earthquake-induced environmental effects (EEE) were detected (soil liquefaction phenomena, ground ruptures, sand boils, etc.). By the comparison of the location of the EEE with the Geomorphological Map of the Po Plain, it appeared that they were aligned and concentrated along the courses of abandoned riverbeds mainly characterized by the presence of superficial sandy texture highlighting the importance the geomorphological maps for seismic hazard assessment. As concerns macroseismic intensity maps, an intensity field that integrates the ESI scale, which considers the EEE and the MCS intensity evaluations, based on the pattern of buildings damage, represents a better tool for characterizing the 2012 event in the framework of the seismic-hazard assessment of the Po Plain. In spite of the unpredictability of earthquakes the population has given credit to various groundless alarms on the basis of gas emission, bubbling water and ground fractures. Therefore the Emilia-Romagna Region established a group of experts that throughout a dedicated website communicates correct information on particular geological phenomena that are observed and usually misunderstood by the population. The role of communication is essential in order to enhance awareness on seismic hazard and environmental effects comprehension among civil society.

CASTALDINI, Doriano ( 2014 ) - Collaboration between the Department of Earth Sciences (nowadays Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences) of Modena and Reggio Emilia University (Italy) and the Department of Geography of Oradea University. - 50 De Ani De Geografie. La Universitatea Din Oradea (1964-2014) - n. volume - - pp. da 113 a 116 ISBN: 978-606-10-1251-0 ISSN: - [Altro (298) - Altro]
Abstract

This article describe synthetically the collaboration between the Department of Earth Sciences (nowadays Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences) of Modena and Reggio Emilia University (Unimore) and the Department of Geography of Oradea University which started from 1998. The collaboration has been developed in the didactic field as well as in the research field.

MICALLEF, A., ALEXANDROU, A.; GERΟSIMOU, G.; CASTALDINI, D.; PAPADOPOULOS, M.; PLA, F.; POYARKOV, V. ( 2014 ) - Public awareness on natural and technological hazards as a key for safety: the BeSafeNet initiative contribution. - - - CNR, Padova Padova ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 1 a 6 ISBN: 9788867873074 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Natural and technological hazards cause great human and economic losses. Furthermore, as happened with the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami in 2011, natural hazards can trigger technological accidents, introducing an additional negative effect on people and environment and requiring a more comprehensive risk assessment and emergency planning. If we cannot prevent many of these hazards, we can try to minimize their potential consequences, in particular by informing people about the nature of hazard and its possible consequences for specific regions. General public behavior is an important factor in the success of any planning and providing it with clear explanations of all pertinent aspect of hazards is a prerequisite to foster a culture of safety supporting the necessary preventive actions.The BeSafeNet initiative, promoted by the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement of the Council of Europe, has as a main aim, to better protect people from hazards through better informing them on the causes and the consequences of natural and technological hazards. Distributing widely such knowledge will help people to better understand the potential risks and consequently to better protect themselves against them.

Milena, Bertacchini; Doriano, Castaldini; Giovanni, Tosatti ( 2014 ) - Rumours related to the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence - Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014 Cham (ZG) NLD) - n. volume 7 - pp. da 97 a 101 ISBN: 978-3-319-09303-1 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

In the aftermath of an earthquake, pseudo-scientific, scaremongering rumors spread very quickly and with greater effect than correct scientific information. The aim of this article is to describe the authors’ observations and examine how rumors linked to seismic shocks spread in the community following the strong 2012 seismic sequence in Emilia (northern Italy). During the two mainshocks, 27 people lost their lives, over 400 persons were injured and 14,000 families were evacuated. In the weeks following the mainshocks, in collaboration with other universities and research groups, we carried out field surveys, organized interviews and public meetings with the local population and held direct contacts with journalists and reporters. The mainshocks of this sequence (ML = 5.9 on 20th May and ML = 5.8 on 29th May) found the local population culturally and psychologically unprepared. As a consequence, there were attitudes of suspicion and lack of trust towards the authorities and the scientific community. Many people considered these earthquakes induced by human activities such as exploitation of subsurface resources or fracking. Moreover, in spite of the experts explaining in all possible ways the origin of earthquakes and emphasizing their unpredictability, the population has given credit to various groundless alarms on the basis of gas emissions, bubbling water and ground fractures. In order to effectively counter the spreading of wrong convictions about earthquakes, a constant, updated dialog must be kept up between the population and the scientific community.

Castaldini, Doriano; Lanfredi, Sofia Cinzia ( 2014 ) - The cartography in seismic hazard assessment and communication: the case study of the 2012 Po Plain Earthquake (northern Italy). - Geography in an era of crisis - Department of Physical and Environmental Geography - School of Geology - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki GRC) - n. volume - - pp. da 158 a 168 ISBN: - ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Extended abstract

CASTALDINI D.; LANFREDI SOFIA C. ( 2014 ) - The role of geomorphology in seismic hazard assessment: lessons from the 2012 seismic sequence in the central-southern Po Plain (northern Italy) - 17th Joint Geomorphological Meeting Liege – 2014. “The geomorphology of natural hazards: mapping, analysis and prevention”, Abstract book - University of Liege Liege BEL) - n. volume 0 - pp. da 8 a 9 ISBN: 0000000000 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Since mid-May 2012, a seismic sequence affected the central-southern sector of the Po Plain (northern Italy). The drainage network evolution shows the northward migration of the River Po and the deflections of the Apennine rivers, which were explained with the uplift of the Ferrara Folds. The most relevant effect caused by the two strongest 2012 earthquakes was the 10-15 cm uplift of the epicentral area, detected by InSAR interferometry, corresponding to the hanging wall anticline of the Ferrara Folds thrusts. Therefore, similar coseismic uplifts may be responsible of the shifting of rivers Po, Secchia, Panaro and Reno in previous periods. At a detailed scale several hundreds of earthquake-induced environmental effects (EEE), mainly of the geological/geomorphological type, scattered all over the epicentral area, were detected. They were mainly represented by widespread soil liquefaction phenomena and ground ruptures, accompanied also by sand boils. The coseismic effects appeared to be concentrated along alignments which can be followed even for kilometres and be linked not only to the local stratigraphic characteristics but also to the network of abandoned riverbeds. It can be stated that EEE highlighted the importance of geomorphology for seismic hazard assessment of alluvial plain areas. Therefore, after the 2012 quakes, the location of EEE and the geomorphological features have been taken into account, beside the lithological features of the subsoil, for the implementation of seismic susceptibility maps for territorial planning in the municipalities of the epicentral area. As concerns seismic hazard perception, the tragic experiences of the 2012 earthquake-struck population, have induced some people to pay particular attention to natural phenomena appearing even one year later (gas emissions, bubbling water and ground fractures), wrongly linking them to premonitory signs of earthquakes. This fact confirms that the analysis of the geomorphological setting and of the evolution of the drainage network is a powerful tool for the identification of the activity and the seismic hazard related to buried geological structures in alluvial plains.

Lo Presti D.; Sassu M.; Luzi L.; Pacor F.; Castaldini D.; Tosatti G.; Meisina C.; Zizioli D.; Zucca F.; Rossi G.; Saccarotti G.; Piccinini D. ( 2013 ) - A Report on the 2012 Seismic Sequence in Emilia (Northern Italy) - Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering - Clyde Baker Chicago USA) - pp. da 1 a 30 ISBN: 1887009175 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Since mid-May 2012, an energetic seismic sequence has affected the northern part of Italy and specifically a wide sector of the Po River Plain. The sequence has been dominated by two main events: a) Mw = 5.9 occurred near Finale Emilia on May 20th at a depth of 6.3 km, and b) Mw=5.8 occurred near Cavezzo on May 29th at a depth of 10.2 km (earthquake location are obtained Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, http://iside.rm.ingv.it/). The effects of the two main shocks can be summarized as follows: - damage to infrastructures (roads, pipelines) essentially because of the occurrence of liquefaction phenomena or soil failure; - damage to very old constructions (especially churches and bell towers – masonry and brickworks); - recent constructions such as barns and industrial premises have collapsed. These constructions were mainly isostatic structures not designed to withstand earthquakes. The paper deals with the following arguments: - seismological aspects, mainly related to the seismo - tectonic framework, the source mechanisms, and the comparison between the observed seismic motion and that expected on the basis of the National Map of Seismic Hazard; - identification and mapping of the soil failures (liquefaction) and induced damage with special emphasis on the geomorphologic structures showing the presence of ancient riverbeds; - description of the structural damage regarding the historical buildings and the modern industrial buildings. In conclusion the report try to explain the reasons for the large damage observed in the case of both ancient and modern constructions.

RAVAZZI C.;ALDIGHIERI B.;CAVALLIN A.;DAMINELLI R.;FENILI G.; NORINI G.;TENTO A.; TESTA A.; ZULUAGA VELEZ M. C.; CASTALDINI D.; MARCHETTI M.; FACCIORUSSO J.; CREDALI M.; DE ANDREA S. SCIESA E.; FOSSATI D.; MARCELLINI M. ( 2013 ) - Acquisizione di dati geologici nell’Oltrepò Mantovano utili alla valutazione della pericolosità sismica per le aree colpite dalla sequenza del maggio 2012. - Regione Lombardia - ) [Altro (298) - Working paper]
Abstract

A seguito degli eventi sismici che hanno colpito le Regioni Lombardia ed Emilia Romagna nel maggio – giugno 2012 la Regione Lombardia - Direzione Generale Territorio ed Urbanistica ha stipulato un accordo con il CNR-IDPA di Milano con la finalità di approfondire le conoscenze geologiche, stratigrafiche e geotecniche del territorio interessato dagli eventi per giungere a una più accurata valutazione della pericolosità sismica locale attraverso una maggiore conoscenza del fenomeno della liquefazione, che si è manifestato in Lombardia per la prima volta in modo evidente. Per raggiungere l’obiettivo principale si è lavorato su più fronti paralleli per: - la costruzione di una mappa dello scuotimento che si è avuto finalizzata alla caratterizzazione della zona di maggior risentimento del fattore scatenante la liquefazione. - la raccolta di dati geologici, stratigrafici, geotecnici, geomorfologici, geofisici, idrogeologici finalizzata al riconoscimento nel terreno di fattori predisponenti; - la raccolta di informazioni e la georeferenziazione degli effetti ambientali prodotti dall’evento, sia alle strutture antropiche e sia all’ambiente. Del lavoro in oggetto fanno parte integrante una Carta delle tessiture dei depositi superficiali e una Carta geomorfologica suddivise in 3 tavole a scala 1:25.000, una Carta del microrilievo e una carta di sintesi a scala 1:75.000.

CASTALDINI D. ( 2013 ) - Commento a: Federici P.R., Ginesu S. & Oggiano G. (1987) - Genesi ed evoluzione della pianura costiera turritana (Sardegna settentrionale).Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria, 10, 133-121 - SB – Stamperia Editoria Brigati genova ITA) - pp. da 113 a 115 ISBN: 9788887822809 ISSN: - [Commento scientifico (282) - Commento scientifico]
Abstract

Si tratta del commento scientifico al lavoro di Federici et al. (1987) che aveva l'obiettivo di ricostruire la genesi della pianura costiera turritana e le sue relazioni con la Tettonica recente attraverso ricerche geologiche e geomorfologiche di dettaglio che hanno condotto anche all'elaborazione di una Carta Geologica e di Carta geomorfologica a colori a scala 1: 25.000. L’area di studio, che costituisce il naturale sbocco al mare della città di Sassari e che con il suo vasto arenile offriva notevoli possibilità di sviluppo turistico è assai interessante sia da punto di vista antropico che naturalistico. La pianura costiera turritana è stata geologicamente definita come una bassa terra di origine di origine primaria successivamente cresciuta per aggradazione di sedimenti eolici. Nella Carta Geomorfologica, per forme, depositi e processsi vengono fornite indicazioni morfogenetiche, morfodinamiche , morfocronologiche e morfometriche, secondo i comuni criteri della cartografia geomorfologica italiana. La carta riporta anche la ricostruzione della morfologia del fondale marino. Il lavoro in esame ha portato ad un notevole e significativo progresso nelle conoscenze della pianura costiera turritana.

Castaldini D.; Di Manna P.; Guerrieri L.; Vittori E.; Piccardi L.; Berlusconi A.; Livio F.; Michetti A.M.; Comerci V.; Tosatti G. ( 2013 ) - Geological and geomorphological effects induced by the Emilia seismic swarm of May 2012 (northern Italy) - Abstracts Volume - IAG Paris Paris FRA) - n. volume 01 - pp. da 213 a 213 ISBN: 9791120002500 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Since May 16th 2012, a seismic swarm has affected the central-southern sector of the Po Plain. A first main shock occurred on May 20th (M = 5.9; focal depth: 6.3 km; epicenter: N of Finale E.) and a second one on May 29th (M= 5.8; focal depth: 10.5 km; epicenter: about 12 km W of the first one). This seismic swarm has consisted of another five M>5 quakes and about 2,500 minor shocks till the end of November 2012. The subsurface is made up of marine and continental deposits overlying compressional northverging faulted folds of the Apennines (“Ferrara Folds”) which caused the quakes. The geomorphological setting is characterized by a complex drainage and ancient drainage pattern of the Rivers Po, Secchia, Panaro and Reno. The most relevant effect caused by the two stronger earthquakes was the 10-15 cm uplift of the epicentral area detected by InSAR interferometry. On the whole, more than 500 geological and geomorphological effects were recorded over an area of about 700 km2. The effects are mainly due to liquefaction with ejection of sand from ground fractures, sand-boils and wells. In some places the bottom of artificial canals showed uplifting, bulging and cracks and fractures and landslides were mapped on the banks. About 80% of the effects were induced by the May 20th main shock, while 20% of the effects were triggered by the second main quake. Many cases of liquefaction triggered by the first main quake were reactivated by the second one, with jets of water up to 1.50 m high. The material erupted reached in many cases a thickness of more than 30 cm and, inside some buildings, from pavement cracks it uplifted up to 1 m. Hydrogeological anomalies, such as strong water-table fluctuations, water level variations in some tracts of Po and Secchia rivers, emission of hot water from ground cracks and water wells, were also recorded. The co-seismic effects appear to be caused not only by the local stratigraphic characteristics but also by the network of abandoned riverbeds.

Castaldini D.; Coratza P.; Liberatoscioli E.; Tosatti G. ( 2013 ) - Human impact in the Apennine area of the Municipality of Fiorano Modenese (Northern Italy). - Geomorphology and Sustainability - IAG Paris Paris FRA) - n. volume 01 - pp. da 473 a 473 ISBN: 9791120002500 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Morphological, man-induced landscape changes, occurring from the mid-20th century to date in an area located in the western sector of the Modena Apennine margin, have been investigated. The study area has elevations ranging from about 100 to about 400 m a.s.l. From a lithological standpoint, only marine silt-clay soil types (Plio-Pleistocene in age) are exposed. The area belongs to the Municipality of Fiorano Modenese which lies in the ceramic district where hundreds of factories were built after World War 2 for the production of ceramic tiles. The materials utilized are taken from soil pits dug in the clays cropping out in the Northern Apennines. The most evident natural morphological features to be observed on the slopes are badland landforms, slide and earth flow-type landslides. This research was carried out according to traditional survey as well as digital processing methods on maps and aerial photographs. It led to the elaboration of schematic geomorphological maps related to changes occurried from 1954 to 2012. Soil excavation began in an improvised, makeshift way in the 1930s. By the 1960s, though, excavation was carried out in a more organized, industrial way. The place with the most evident human impact is the Torrent Corlo valley, but several other soil pits are found. In the study area the exploitation of clayey soil for the ceramic industry ceased completely in 2008. As concerns the hydrographic features, tens of small artificial ponds were excavated in the 1960s for irrigation purposes as well as for quarrying activities. Since the 1990s, though, they have lost their function and are now abandoned. As a consequence, many of them evolved in a natural way: some have turned into swamps whereas others have been filled by palustrine deposits. Finally, the role played by man as a morphogenetic agent and the impact of anthropogenic activities on the natural landscape evolution are highlighted.

D. Castaldini; M. Conventi; P. Coratza; E. Liberatoscioli ( 2013 ) - The appraisal of geoheritage through different approaches: the lesson from the Salse di Nirano Nature Reserve (Italy) - Abstracts Volume - IAG Paris Paris FRA) - n. volume 01 - pp. da 536 a 536 ISBN: 9791120002500 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The Regional Nature Reserve of Salse di Nirano is located in the low hills of the Northern Apennines, about 30 kilometres south of the city of Modena. The Reserve was established in 1982 and its characteristic features are mud volcanoes, locally called “Salse”. They are emissions of cold mud up to the surface through faults and fractures, due to the ascent of salty and muddy water mainly mixed with gaseous (methane) and secondarily with fluid (petroleum veils) hydrocarbons. Depending on the density of the mud, these emissions can form either cones or pools at ground level. Since its establishment, the Reserve has promoted initiatives to appraise the area from the tourism viewpoint, welcoming individual visitors and school groups with a full programme of activities. In the last decade, visitors have increased from 30,000 to 70,000 per year. The numerous facilities – excursion and educational footpaths with panels, equipped trails (one for the disabled), two visitor centres – make the area accessible to all, supporting environmental education initiatives. A good variety of educational and information materials regarding the Nirano mud volcanoes and the territory of the Reserve has been published in the last decade, representing a successful example of environmental and tourism appraisal and improvement. Among the most recent products, particularly worthy of note are geotourism and tourism-environmental maps, books in hard copy and digital format, videos, virtual flights, multimedia and audio CDs. In the present study a critical overview of all the products elaborated in recent time is presented, highlighting strengths and gaps, and also taking into account the target of visitors they are addressed to.

ALEXANDROU A.; GERΟSIMOU G.; PAPADOPOULOS M.; CASTALDINI D.; MICALLEF A.; POYARKOV V.; PLA F. ( 2012 ) - Be Safe Net. www.Besafenet.net - pp. da 1 a 22 ISBN: 0000 ISSN: - [Altro (298) - Altro]
Abstract

Natural and technological disasters cause great human and economic losses. We cannot prevent many of the disasters but there are ways to minimize the risk of disaster, in particular by distributing to all countries the best international experience on Emergency Management. For safety of people it is essential to increase their awareness on: What types of hazard exist in specific areas? What is the nature of that risk? When it could happen? How can their consequences be minimized? This information has to be available to the general public directly or via teachers, medical doctors, local authority representatives, Civil Protection service, etc. The main aim of the BeSafeNet website is to distribute knowledge on natural and technological hazards, which will help people to better protect themselves

D. CASTALDINI; A. GHINOI; A. MACCAFERRI ( 2012 ) - Considerations on geomorphological maps for territorial planning in the Modena Apennines (Northern Italy) - NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES - n. volume 12 - pp. da 421 a 430 ISSN: 1561-8633 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This contribution shows, through some examples,that the current instability processes sometimes do not completelycorrespond (concerning presence, location, state ofactivity and/or extent) with those mapped by PTCP HydrogeologicalHazard Maps, which is the document used by theProvince Administration for its territorial planning.The differences highlighted are due to different causes.One of them is the fact that the PTCP Hydrogeological HazardMaps are practically derived from the Regional Geologicalmaps in which superficial deposits have secondary importance,while bedrock and structural-tectonic aspects aregiven the highest relevance. Another cause is represented bythe very active and intense geomorphological dynamics ofthe Apennines which may produce or reactivate instabilityconditions.An important aspect to underline is that the PTCP HydrogeologicalHazard Maps identify areas with planning constraints,which have effects at a municipal scale; it does soby starting from a cartographical basis whose primary aim isnot the definition of instability processes and whose updatingis not homogeneous.Taking into account this aspect, the PTCP HydrogeologicalHazard Maps should be updated not only on the base oftraditional geological mapping, but also following the criteriaof detailed geomorphological mapping which can preciselydefine the genesis, dynamics and morphometry of instabilityphenomena.An important consideration, in relation to territorial planning,is that the PTCP Hydrogeological Hazard Maps shouldbe used just as a “base document”, which requires morenecessary detailed deepening at the municipal scale, accomplishedthrough accurate geomorphological mapping, at leastfor the areas that are going to be urbanized.The geomorphological mapping should also update thoseelements of the landscape which could have changed fromthe official topographic base map.Detailed geomorphological mapping, possibly undertakenwith the methodology proposed in this paper, could be givenin charge also to professional geologists in accordance withstandard procedures set in collaboration with the ProvincialAdministration.

GUERRIERI L.; VITTORI E.; DI MANNA P.; PICCARDI L.; CASTALDINI D.; BERLUSCONI A.; BLUMETTI A. M.; COMERCI V.; LIVIO F.; MICHETTI A.M. ( 2012 ) - Earthquake environmental effects induced by the 2012 seismic sequence in Emilia: implications for seismic hazard assessment in Northern Italy - Earthquake Geology and Archaeology: Science, Society and Seismic hazard - Paleosismology & Archaeoseismology Morelia MEX) - n. volume 3 - pp. da 71 a 76 ISBN: 0000000000 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The field characterization of Earthquake Environmental Effects occurred in the epicentral area of the 2012 Emilia seismic sequence (mainly liquefaction-type phenomena, ground fractures and hydrological anomalies) has allowed i) to identify in the affected area the zones more susceptible to local geological instability and ii) to make an independent intensity assessment through the ESI 2007 intensity scale. The distribution of ground effects is suggestive of two events of Intensity VIII, even if the maximum intensity might have been even higher (IX?) in San Carlo and Mirabello. Nevertheless, the estimated intensity of the 2012 Emilia earthquake is sensibly less than that recorded in the Po Plain area in historical times (I0 IX to X), and therefore should not be considered the “reference earthquake” for this area

Castaldini D.; Tosatti G.; Coratza P.; Cameroni A. ( 2012 ) - Evoluzione morfologica delle aree estrattive nel territorio di Fiorano Modenese (MO) - ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ DEI NATURALISTI E MATEMATICI DI MODENA - n. volume 143 - pp. da 71 a 89 ISSN: 0365-7027 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Il lavoro ha per oggetto lo studio dell’evoluzione morfologica delle aree estrattive finalizzate, al reperimento di argille per ceramica e limi argillosi per laterizi, nel comune di Fiorano Modenese (provincia di Modena). La ricerca ha condotto all’elaborazione di un inventario delle aree estrattive costituito da schede contenenti le caratteristiche delle singole aree di cava e relative carte geomorfologiche a scala 1: 5.000 per intervalli di tempo di circa 20 anni (dal 1954 al 2013). I cambiamenti ambientali e paesaggistici indotti da tali attività antropiche, che hanno determinato un forte impatto negativo sul territorio, sono stati analizzati tramite documentazione cartografica, immagini telerilevate e rilevamenti sul terreno. Delle tredici aree estrattive individuate, sette risultano essere cave di versante e sei cave a fossa. Lo studio ha permesso di aggiornare la situazione dell’attività estrattiva nel comune di Fiorano in termini di condizioni e stato di fatto delle cave tutte dismesse. I dati ottenuti costituiscono la base di partenza per indirizzare al recupero delle aree di cava esaurite tramite interventi di riqualificazione ambientale.

Castaldini D.; Di Manna P.; Piccardi L.; Guerrieri L.; Vittori E.; Berlusconi A.; Bonadeo L.; Comerci V.; Ferrario F.; Gambillara R.; Livio F.; Lucarini M.; Michetti A.M.; Tosatti G. ( 2012 ) - Geological and geomorphological aspects related to the 2012 seismic sequence in the central-southern Po Plain (northern Italy) - From environmental geology to global geomorphic change - De Los Autores Santander ESP) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 53 a 53 ISBN: 9788913348815 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Since May 16, 2012, a seismic sequence has affected the central-southern sector of the Po Plain, in the Modena, Ferrara, Bologna and Mantova provinces (Italy). The first main shock occurred on May 20 (Mw=5.9), followed by another two main shocks on May 29 (Mw=5.8). The subsurface of the epicenter area is characterized by several active compression north-verging faulted folds of the Apennines (known as "Ferrara Folds"), covered by marine and continental clastic deposits of the Po Plain. The most relevant surface effects caused by the strongest shocks was a 10-15 cm uplift of the epicenter area, detected by InSAR interferometry. Soil liquefaction phenomena are widespread and appear to be concentrated along alignments which can be followed for kilometers. At a detailed scale, more than 500 geologic and geomorphologic surface effects have been recorded over an area of about 700 square km. Hydrogeologic anomalies, such as strong water table fluctuations, emission of hot water from ground cracks and water wells have also been recorded all over the area affected.

DI MANNA P.; GUERRIERI L.; PICCARDI L.; VITTORI E.; CASTALDINI D.; BERLUSCONI A.; BONADEO L.; COMERCI V.; FERRARIO F.; GAMBILLARA R.; LIVIO F.; LUCARINI M.; MICHETTI A.M. ( 2012 ) - Ground effects induced by the 2012 seismic sequence in Emilia: implications for seismic hazard assessment in the Po Plain - ANNALS OF GEOPHYSICS - n. volume 55, 4 - pp. da 697 a 703, ISSN: 2037-416X [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Since May 16, 2012, a seismic sequence has affected a wide portion of the Emilia Region (northern Italy), chiefly for the Modena and Ferrara Provinces. The first mainshock (Ml 5.9; focal depth, ca. 6 km) occurred on May 20, 2012, with the epicenter located a few kilometers north of Finale Emilia. A second main shock (Ml 5.8; focal depth, ca. 10 km) occurred on May 29, 2012, about 12 km west of the first earthquake, with the epicenter near Medolla. The seismic sequence has been characterized by five other Ml ≥5 events, and more than 2,300 aftershocks of lower magnitude, until the end July 2012. The distribution of the aftershocks identifies a WNW-ESE-trending zone ca. 40 km long that is characterized by NNE-SSW nearly pure compression, as indicated by the focal mechanisms. This report focuses on the many ground effects that were induced by this seismic sequence, as mainly cracks, liquefaction-type phenomena, and hydrological anomalies. The aim is to provide a complete representation of such effects, to: illustrate their type, size and areal distribution; identify the zones in the affected area that were most prone to the occurrence of ground effects (i.e., more susceptible to local geological instability in the case of earthquake occurrence); carry out an independent assessment of the intensities of the earthquakes through the ESI 2007 intensity scale, which is based only on coseismic effects on the natural environment.

Livio F.; Michetti A.M.; Di Manna P.; Berlusconi A.; Bonadeo L; Castaldini D.; Comerci V.; Ferrario F.; Gambillara R.; Guerrieri L.; Piccardi L.; Roncoroni M.; Vittori E.; Esposito E.; Porfido S. ( 2012 ) - Macroseismic investigation of the 2012 Po Plain sequence using the ESI 2007 scale, and comparison with the MCS scale. - Atti 31° Convegno Nazionale Gruppo Nazionale Geofisica della Terra Solida, Tema 1: Geodinamica. - Mosetti Tecniche Grafiche Trieste ITA) - pp. da 70 a 75 ISBN: 9788890210112 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The paper describe a study of the ESI2007 intensity distribution in the epicentral area of the May-June 2012 seismic sequence in the Po Plain. The widespread occurrence of coseismic environmental effects, in particular related to liquefaction and lateral spreading, allow to succesfully apply this intensity scale, providing essential data to complement the use of traditional, damage-based intensity scales, such as the MCS scale, for a proper definition of the macroseismic field of this event. The integration of ESI2007 and MCS scales in Italy might represent an essential tool for the characterization of earthquake hazards

D. Castaldini ( 2012 ) - Maps and multimedia tool for the popularization and promotion of protected areas of the Apennines of Modena (Northern Italy) - Géomorphosites 2009. Raising the profile of geomorphological heritage through iconography, inventory and promotion. Proceedings Volume. - Paris Sorbonne Université Parigi FRA) - pp. da 60 a 65 ISBN: 0000 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Are here illustrated the Tourist-Environmental Maps and a CD-Rom implemented in the last years for thepopularization and promotion of protected areas located in hilly and mountain sectors of the Modena Apennines.The hilly area is the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano; the “Salse” are small mud volcanoes formed by emissions ofsalt water mixed with mud and pushed up by methane rising to the surface along faults. The mountain sectorsconsist of the upper Tagliole Valley and Mt. Cimone area, located within the Frignano Park; they are mainlycharacterized by glacial, cryogenic and gravitational landforms.In a first step, Geomorphological maps and Digital Terrain Models (DTM) have been produced. After that,Geotourist maps, which combine the most evident geomorphological features with fundamental tourist informationwere derived from the geomorphological maps. The Geotourist maps and the DTM are the cartographic documentscharacterizing the Tourist-Environmental maps which are pocket foldable maps printed on both sides. In addition,the Tourist-Environmental maps contain a description of the geological, geomorphological, botanical and zoologicalaspects, accompanied by photographs and information on excursion trails, visitor centers, refugees and othertourist information.The CD-Rom of the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano consists in a digital multimedia gallery, that can be browsedlike a web page. It contains the description of the scientific and tourist aspects and a part that groups soundrecordings, movies, photos plus a virtual flight. The CD-Rom contains several thematic maps which can be downloadedas PDF files. It has been also utilized to implement the new web site of the Natural Reserve: http://www.fiorano.it/Turismo/Salse%20Nirano/in/index.htm

Castaldini D.; Coratza P.; Liberatoscioli E.; Tosatti G. ( 2012 ) - Soil excavation as the main morphogenetic agent in the Torrent Corlo Valley (Northern Apennines, Italy) - Sustainable Geo-Management - Centro Stampa Regione Emilia-Romagna Bologna ITA) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 144 a 145 ISBN: 9789782347794 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This work deals with morphological changes in the landscape of the valley of the Torrent Corlo from the mid-20th century to date caused by soil excavations. The study was carried out according to the traditional methods used in geomorphology as well as digital processing methods on maps and aerial photographs. The digital data available have been overlaid and compared using GIS software also by means of 3D elaborations in order to better appreciate the morphological features. The main stages of the evolutional trend determined by soil excavation are described and mapped. Finally, a detailed assessment is made of the fundamental role played by excavation activity as a morphogenetic agent of the T. Corlo Valley as well as its impact on the natural evolution of the landscape.

NINFO A.; ZIZIOLI D.; MEISINA C.; CASTALDINI D.; ZUCCA F.; LUZI L.; DE AMICIS M. ( 2012 ) - The survey and mapping of sand-boil landforms related to the Emilia 2012 earthquakes: preliminary results. - ANNALS OF GEOPHYSICS - n. volume 55, 4 - pp. da 727 a 733, ISSN: 2037-416X [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Sand boils, which are also known as sand blows or sand volcanoes, are among the most common superficial effects induced by high-magnitude earthquakes. These generally occur in or close to alluvial plains when a strong earthquake (M >5) strikes on a lens of saturated and unconsolidated sand deposits that are constrained between silt-clay layers, where the sediments are converted into a fluid suspension. The liquefaction phenomena requires the presence of saturated and uncompacted sand, and a groundwater table near the ground surface. This geological–geomorphological setting is common and widespread for the Po Plain (Italy). The Po Plain (ca. 46,000 km2) represents 15% of the Italian territory. It hosts a population of about 20 million people (mean density of 450 people/km2) and many infrastructures. Thus, the Po Plain is an area of high vulnerability when considering the liquefaction potential in the case of a strong earthquake. Despite the potential, such phenomena are rarely observed in northern Italy, because strong earthquakes are not frequent in this region; e.g., historical data report soil liquefaction near Ferrara in 1570 (M 5.3) and in Argenta 1624 (M 5.5). In the Emilia quakes of May 20 and 29, 2012, the most widespread coseismic effects were soil liquefaction and ground cracks, which occurred over wide areas in the Provinces of Modena, Ferrara, Bologna, Reggio Emilia and Mantova

CASTALDINI D.; CONVENTI M.; CORATZA P.; DALLAI D.; LIBERATOSCIOLI E.; SALA L.; BULDRINI F. ( 2011 ) - Carta Turistico - Ambientale della Riserva Naturale Regionale delle Salse di Nirano [Cartografia (294) - Cartografia]
Abstract

La Carta Turistico-Ambientale della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano è una carta tematica, pieghevole, stampata fronte/retro, con note illustrative sintetiche in italiano ed in inglese. Gli elementi caratterizzanti della Carta Turistico-Ambientale sono una Carta Geoturistica, che coniuga la rappresentazione dei più evidenti aspetti geologici e geomorfologici (rocce affioranti, idrografia, salse a cono e salse a polla, calanchi, frane, elementi dell’antropizzazione, ecc..) con le indicazioni turistiche fondamentali (percorsi escursionistici e didattici, Centro Visite ed Ecomuseo, parcheggi, luoghi di ristoro e/o pernottamento, aree di sosta attrezzata, ecc.) e una immagine 3 D della Riserva, ottenuta dal Modello Digitale del Terreno rivestito con Ortofoto Digitali, per rendere evidente la morfologia del territorio.Le note illustrative riguardano la Carta Geoturistica, il Fenomeno delle salse (vulcani di fango) e la Riserva Naturale, l’Immagine 3D della Riserva, Flora e vegetazione, Fauna, Il Centro Visite e l’Ecomuseo, le Attrazioni turistiche dei dintorni ed altre informazioni di carattere logistico.

Liberatoscioli E.; Castaldini D.; Conventi M.; Coratza P. ( 2011 ) - Elaborazioni GIS 3D per la lettura del territorio:un esempio per la Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano(Appennino Modenese) - Atti 15a Conferenza Nazionale ASITA - ASITA. Federazione delle Associazioni Scientifiche per le Informazioni Territoriali e Ambientali Milano ITA) - pp. da 1409 a 1417 ISBN: 9788890313264 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The Regional Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano is located in the low hill territory of the Modena Apennine, about 30 kilometers from Modena. The Reserve, visited yearly by about 50,000 people,was established in 1982 and its characteristic element are the so-called “Salse”. They are emissions of cold mud up to the surface through faults and fractures, due to the ascent of salty andmuddy water mixed mainly with gaseous (methane) and secondly with fluid hydrocarbons (petroleum veils). Depending on the density of the mud, at the surface it can be observed cones or pools at ground level. The products described below have been made for the promotion and the enhancement of the Reserve. The first consists of a three dimensional image, obtained from the 5 m DTM of the Emilia Romagna Region texturized with the Agea 2008 Digital Orthophoto, in order to let even non-experts to appreciate the particular morphology of the valley where the Salse are located and of the surrounding badlands. The image was published in the Tourist-EnvironmentalMap of the Regional Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano characterized also by a Geotourist map that combines the most evident geological and geomorphological aspects with basic tourist information. In addition, it was made a short video based on scenes of a virtual flight on the territory of the Reserve (fly-through) obtained by using ESRI ArcScene, properly assembled and enriched with descriptive and didactical elements that highlight the mainly geomorphologicalaspects of the area. Everything has been completed with the toponyms and some pictures of the most distinctive or interesting subjects (the mud ejection points, the badlands, the Reserve’sfacilities, etc..). The video will be available at the Visitor Centre, at the Ecomuseum headquarters and on the Internet with the aim to "accompany" visitors in an engaging virtual guided tour to theprotected area, facilitating the understanding of the landscape.

CASTALDINI D.; CONVENTI M.; CORATZA P.; LIBERATOSCIOLI E.; DALLAI D.; SALA L.; BULDRINI F. ( 2011 ) - La “Nuova” Carta Turistico - Ambientale della Riserva Naturale Regionale delle Salse di Nirano (Appennino Modenese, Italia Settentrionale) - BOLLETTINO DELL'ASSOCIAZIONE ITALIANA DI CARTOGRAFIA - n. volume Suppl. nr. 43/2011 - pp. da 275 a 289, ISSN: 0044-9733 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Riassunto La Riserva Naturale Regionale delle Salse di Nirano, visitata annualmente da circa 50.000 persone, ricade in un territorio di bassa collina (quote fra i 140 e i 308 m) al margine dell'Appennino modenese a circa 30 km da Modena. Le salse sono delle emissioni di fango freddo prodotte dalla risalita in superficie di acqua salata e fangosa frammista ad idrocarburi principalmente gassosi (metano) ed, in piccola parte, liquidi (petrolio) lungo faglie e fratture del terreno. La nuova Carta Turistico-Ambientale è una carta pieghevole, tascabile, stampata fronte/retro, con note illustrative sintetiche in italiano e in inglese, i cui elementi caratterizzanti sono una Carta Geoturistica e un'immagine ad effetto 3D del territorio della Riserva realizzati in ambiente ESRI ArcGIS. La Carta Geoturistica coniuga la rappresentazione dei più evidenti aspetti geomorfologici che possono essere osservati e riconosciuti anche da persone non esperte con l'indicazione delle informazioni turistiche fondamentali. L'immagine tridimensionale, elaborata sovrapponendo ortofoto aeree al modello digitale del terreno, permette di apprezzare la morfologia della Riserva e delle aree circostanti. Gli altri contenuti della Carta Tu ristico-Ambientale sono: i) testi esplicativi che descrivono, oltre ai prodotti appena citati, la riserva e il fenomeno delle salse, i percorsi escursionistici e didattici, fauna, flora e vegetazione, il Centro visite Cà Tassi e l'Ecomuseo Cà Rossa; ii) fotografie degli aspetti ambientali più significativi; iii) informazioni logistiche sul Centro Visite Cà Tassi, l'Ecomuseo Cà Rossa e sui punti di ristoro ed alloggio; iv) indicazioni sintetiche sulle attrattive turistiche dei dintorni. Si tratta di una "nuovo" documento turistico in quanto una precedente Carta Turistico-Ambientale è stata pubblicata all'inizio del 2004 e la realizzazione di una nuova Carta si è resa necessaria in quanto negli ultimi anni la Riserva è stata soggetta a diversi cambiamenti sia nel paesaggio che nelle strutture. La Carta Turistico-Ambientale testimonia come la ricerca scientifica possa efficacemente contribuire alla realizzazione di documenti per il settore del Turismo.

PIACENTINI T.; D. CASTALDINI; CORATZA P.; FARABOLLINI P.; MICCADEI E. ( 2011 ) - Some examples in the field of Geotourism in Emilia Romagna, Marche and Abruzzo Regions (Northern-Central Italy) - GEOJOURNAL OF TOURISM AND GEOSITES - n. volume Year IV no.2, Vol. 8 - pp. da 240 a 262 ISSN: 2065-0817 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Italy is a country with a rich natural heritage that is having difficulty infinding the right areas for acquiring knowledge, protection and improvement. Inparticular, the geological component of the landscape has not yet acquired a sufficientvalue as a cultural asset which people can learn about and share. Within the Italianterritory geotourism activities and products are recently widespread and, in thispaper, some examples of activities carried out in the Emilia-Romagna, Marche andAbruzzo regions (northern-central Italy) are illustrated. They show different possibleapproach to the realization of geotourism maps, geological itineraries, portable andon site illustrative materials, web based projects, geosites analysis. These activitiesare targeted at various potential users, tourists, local residents, young people, schoolsetc., and are aimed at the enhancement of geological and geomorphological aspects ofthe natural heritage making it available to the public.

LEVRATTI S.; RODRIGUES M.L.; CASTALDINI D.; LEVI S.T. ( 2011 ) - Study of the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of Sintra area (Portugal) as contribution to its tourist appraisal and promotion - GEOJOURNAL OF TOURISM AND GEOSITES - n. volume Year IV no.2, Vol. 8 - pp. da 227 a 239 ISSN: 2065-0817 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The Portughese town of Sintra is an UNESCO world heritage site for itscultural and environmental aspects. The town is located 30 km from Lisbon and 15km from the Atlantic Ocean, and is a touristic site in every seasons mainly for itsarchitectural qualities. This work describes the geomorphological and archaeologicalaspects of the town and the surrounding Serra de Sintra in order to give an addedvalue to tourist appraisal and promotion of the area. Serra de Sintra is an ellipticigneous massif 10 km E-W and 5 km N-S, 300-500 m above sea level. The geologicalstructure is complex but it can be simplified as a core of sienites surrounded bygranites intruded in a limestone plateau. The morphogenetic processes, besidecommon landforms such as narrow valleys, scarps and ridges, shaped a variety ofparticular granite morphologies such as round block fields, inselbergs, castle koppies,etc…. The most spectacular ones have been described and classified as geosites in adata-base. The oldest archaeological remains dates to the Mesolithic, but the area hasbeen extensively occupied during the Neolitic/Calcolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages. Inhistorical times Romans, Visigots and Arabs left some interesting architectural andlinguistic marks. All the archaeological sites have been classified according tobibliographic, museal data and field surveys. They are also all included in a data-base.GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps at 1:25,000 and 1.10,000 scales of the Serra de Sintra andSintra town are the information results collected in the geomorphological andcultural data-bases. The maps have been implemented, by means of an ArcGIScomputer programme, integrating geological, geomorphological, archaeological andhistorical aspects with the tourist infrastructures (information points, parking areas,accommodations, panoramic points, etc.) in order to obtain documents readable, simple, clear but scientifically accurate also for non-expert users. This study could besuitably simplified and summarized in a guide book, with enclosed GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps, as a contribution to improve the knowledge and appraisal of the Sintraterritory also for its landscape and archaeological aspects.

Chiesa S.; Castaldini D.; Cosci M.; Marchetti M.; Pagani M.; Resmini M. ( 2010 ) - Geomorfologia del territorio e sue relazioni con le tracce di interesse archeologico - Uomini e acque a San Benedetto Po - Il governo del territorio tra passato e futuro - All'Insegna del Giglio Firenze ITA) - pp. da 31 a 32 ISBN: 9788878144224 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Viene presentata una carta geomorfologica dell'area del Polirone e indicate le emergenze archeologiche desunte dal trattamento delle immagini da fotoaeree.

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A.; MACCAFERRI A. ( 2010 ) - Geomorphological hazard assessment of the Area of the Medieval Village of Riola di Labante (Bologna Apennines, Northern Italy - STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI. GEOGRAPHIA - n. volume 1 - pp. da 5 a 18 ISSN: 1221-079X [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The medieval village of Riola has recently been gaining increasing interest for possible future tourist exploitation. This study is aimed to assess the geomorphological hazards of that area, through detailed geomorphological mapping (cross-verified by applied-geology investigations). Particularly, the area’s instability has been analysed, also with the aim of verifying the official maps of the Bologna Province’ territorial plan, where the greatest part of the area has been defined at elevated hydrological risk, strongly limiting future development. This study has demonstrated how a detailed geomorphological mapping, coupled with an hazard classification method adopted, with modifications, from the Swiss hazard-mapping guidelines, can give a more realistic picture of the slope instability framework of a municipality than that given by the provincial maps. The latter are based on geological maps and on interpretation of aerial photographs: the primary aim of geological maps is not to identify landslides, while aerial photographs can only give a first glimpse of a landslide’s body, not having much to say on its state of activity.

T. Piacentini; D. Castaldini; P. Coratza; P. Farabollini; E. Miccadei ( 2010 ) - Some examples in the field of Geotourism in Emilia Romagna, Marche and Abruzzo Regions (Northern-Central Italy) - Proceedings of the International Conference on Geoheritage and Geotourism - D.J.B. Barreira, Facultade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa Lisbon PRT) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 65 a 66 ISBN: 9789726362012 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Italy is a country with a rich natural heritage that is having difficulty in finding the right areas for acquiring knowledge, protection and improvement. In particular, the geological component of the landscape has not yet acquired a sufficient value as a cultural asset which people can learn about and share. Within the Italian territory geotourism activities and products are recently widespread. In this work examples of activities on geotourism in Emilia Romagna, Marche and Abruzzo regions are described. They are focused particularly on: analysis and enhancement of protected areas and geosites; geotourist and tourist-environmental maps; geological itineraries; portable and on-site geological illustrative materials.The described examples illustrate the documents implemented for the enhancement of the geological (s.l.) landscapes, at different spatial (from regional to local) and temporal (from Trias to Holocene and present) scales. This is focused on developing the sensitivity of people to read in the landscape long term temporal scales processes, that lead to the present landscape of a region, as well as short term temporal scale processes characterising the resource management or the local geological and geomorphological risks.The examples include activities at regional and institutional level, as well as at university level, in same cases in collaboration with upper school institutions. They also include activities developed specifically for tourism at local and regional scale or private initiatives, within the Park areas or within the Italian Association for Geology and Tourism. Besides the several possible approach to geological heritage enhancement, they show a different development level of geotourism in Italy. Indeed, only a wide interregional tourism network integrating initiatives targeted at various potential users and connecting universities, local and regional institutions, Parks and local reserves, schools, private initiatives etc., can lead to reach the goal in term of educational dissemination of geological and geomorphological themes, awareness of the complex meaning of the landscape. The integrated approach to the discovery of geological heritage - as presented in this work - through various tools and activities and targeted at various potential users can be summarised by quoting a famous statement by Marcel Proust: “the real voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes”.

S. Levratti; M. L. Rodrigues; D. Castaldini; S.T. Levi ( 2010 ) - Study of the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of Sintra area (Portugal) as contribution to its tourist appraisal and promotion - Proceedings of the International Conference on Geoheritage and Geotourism - D.J.B. Barreira, Facultade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa Lisboa PRT) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 57 a 58 ISBN: 9789726362012 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The Portughese city of Sintra is an UNESCO world heritage site for cultural and environmental aspects. The city is located 30 km from Lisbon and 15 km from Atlantic Ocean, and is a touristic site in every seasons mainly for its architectural qualities.This work describes the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of the city and the surrounding Serra in order to give an added value to tourist appraisal and promotion of the area.Sintra's Serra is an elliptic igneous massif 10 km E-W and 5 km N-S, 300-500 m above sea level. The geological structure is complex but it can be simplified as a core of sienites surrounded by granites in a calcareous rocks plateau.The morphogenetic processes, beside common landforms such as valleys, scarps and ridges, shaped a variety of particular morphologies as round blocks, inselberg, tafoni, etc… The most spectacular ones have been decribed and classified as geosites in a data-base.The oldest archaeological remains dates to Mesolithic, but the area has been extensively occupied during the Neolithic/Calcolithic, Bronze and Iron Age. In historical time Romans, Visigots and Arabs left some interesting architectural and linguistic marks. All the archaeological sites have been classified according bibliographic, museal data and field surveys. They are all included in a data-base.Two GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps (1:25.000 of Sintra Serra and 1:10.000 of Sintra town) are the results of the information collected in the geological and cultural data-bases. The maps have been implemented, by means of ArcGIS computer programme, integrating geological, geomorphological, archaeological and historical aspects with the tourist infrastructure (information point, parking area, accommodations, panoramic points, etc) in order to obtain documents readable, simple, clear but scientifically accurate also for non-expert users. The main purpose of the GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps is to favour the tourists to discover the Sintra’s area also for its landscape and archaeological aspects.

FARABOLLINI P.; SPURIO E.; CASTALDINI D. ( 2009 ) - Debris flows triggering factors of Umbria-Marche Apennine (central Italy) - Ancient Landscape – Modern Perspectives - Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group and International Association of Geomorphology Melbourne, Australia AUS) - n. volume Conference Abstracts - pp. da 411 a 411 ISBN: 1 877040 74 6 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The research regard a first geomorphologic and statistical approach to the knowledge and definition of the genesis of the mechanism and the main characteristics of debris flow phenomena that affected the calcareous areas of the Sibillini chain. The study is carried out withthe GIS technology through the creation of a database that contain geometric and morphological parameters of debris flow phenomena.

CASTALDINI D.; CORATZA P.; FARABOLLINI P.; MICCADEI E. ( 2009 ) - Geodiversity and geotourism as a challenge between scientific culture of geological landscape and new opportunity of works - The role of geomorphology in land management - SAP Società Archeologica s.r.l. Mantova ITA) - n. volume Abstract Volume - pp. da 58 a 58 ISBN: 9788890009471 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The geological and geomorphological landscape of Italy represent a beautiful example of variety and complexity of processes and phenomena that characterize and make unique the whole national territory.The coexistence of tracks of an evolutionary history still active in study and definition, has made many Italian region (among which Emilia Romagna, Marche and Abruzzi regions), a world fame gym for geologists and geomorphologists.The complex palaeogeographies of the past find their expression in the main ridges of these regions whose rocky cliffs allow the researchers imaginary trips through ancient tropical heavens with lagoons, coral atolls and deep seas. Valleys of glacial origin, alluvial fans, terraced deposits, soils and palaeosoils preserve the memory of "past worlds". The landscape itself, now rough and steep in the chain area, decreasing gradually in the piedmont, now smooth in the hilly reliefs up to the alluvial and coastal lowlands, is a witness of the different morphological processes that have modelled the territory in the Quaternary age and which are acting today under different climatic conditions.The geological-geomorphological informations become the starting point to discover how the natural environment influences the social and economic development of the different populations, the specialization of arts and works, the installation of peculiar commercial and industrial activities.Thus the territory goes out of the "classical" role of simple scenery of the human history and becomes integral part of the different cultures that develop in it and that interact with it.The growth of interest in the geological and geomorphological thematic of the territory is bringing about the maturation of a strong sensibilities toward a geologic tourism both from the institutions and the private citizens.All these activities can represent job opportunities in the field of tourism for the graduates in Geological and Natural Sciences and in Cultural Heritages.

FARABOLLINI P.; CASTALDINI D.; CORATZA P.; MICCADEI E. ( 2009 ) - Geology and Tourism in Italy: a challenge between scientific culture and new opportunity of works - Ancient Landscape – Modern Perspectives - Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group and International Association of Geomorphology Melbourne, Australia AUS) - n. volume Conference Abstracts - pp. da 413 a 413 ISBN: 1 877040 74 6 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The geological and geomorphological landscape of Italy represent a beautiful example of variety and complexity of processes and phenomena that characterize and make unique the whole national territory.The growth of interest in the geological and geomorphological thematic of the territory is bringing about the maturation of a strong sensibilities toward a geologic tourism bothfrom the institutions and the private citizens. All these activities can represent job opportunities in the field of tourism for the graduates in Geological and Natural Sciences and in Cultural Heritages.

D. Castaldini; J. Valdati; D.C. Ilies ( 2009 ) - Geomorphological and Geotourist Maps of the Upper Tagliole Valley (Modena Apennines, Northern Italy) - MEMORIE DESCRITTIVE DELLA CARTA GEOLOGICA D'ITALIA - n. volume LXXXVII - pp. da 29 a 38 ISSN: 0536-0242 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper considers the geomorphological map and the criteria and methodology used for the production of a geo-tourist map of the upper Tagliole Valley – which is located in the Frignano Park (high Modena Apennines, Italy). These documents, at the 1:10,000 scale, elaborated by means of ArcView GIS computer programme, should help to explain the landscape of this area to tourists. The Regional Technical Map (CTR) of the Emilia-Romagna Region was used as the topographic basis for their elaboration.The geomorphological features of the study area are represented in detail in the geomorphological map. The landforms and deposits of the upper Tagliole Valley, characterised by arenaceous rock types, may be grouped according to the following systems or groups of morphogenetic factors and processes: structural landforms, glacial landforms and deposits, cryogenetic landforms and deposits, landforms and deposits due to running waters, slope landforms, deposits due to gravity, anthropogenetic landforms.The geo-tourist map was derived (with appropriate simplifications and integrations) from the geomorphological map. The geo-tourist map combines the most evident geological-geomorphological features (e.g. bedrock, hydrography, glacial landforms and deposits, scarps, ridges, saddles, waterfalls) – which can be observed and recognised even by non-experts – with basic tourist information (e.g., parking places, excursion trails, refuges, picnic areas). The geo-tourist map is the characterising document of a tourist-environmental map of the upper Tagliole Valley.This article proves that geomorphological research can effectively contribute to the implementation of documents and maps useful in the field of tourism.

Castaldini D.; Coratza P. ; Panizza M. ( 2009 ) - Landslides or moraines? A new geomorphological map of the area of Mt. Cimone (the highest peak of the Northern Apennines, Italy) - Landslide processes. From geomorphologic mapping to dynamic modelling - CERG Editions Strasbourg FRA) - pp. da 9 a 14 ISBN: 9782951831711 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The extent of the study area is about 20 km2 and its elevation ranges from about 1300 m a.s.l. to 2165 m a.s.l. With its typical pyramid-like shape, Mt. Cimone rises isolated and shifted to the north with respect to the Apennine watershed. From a geological point of view it is ascribable to the overthrust. The landforms and deposits of the study area may be mainly defined according to the following groups of morphogenetic factors and processes: glacial landforms and deposits, cryogenetic and nivation landforms and deposits, structural landforms, slope landforms and deposits due to gravity; landforms and deposits due to running water, anthropogenic landforms; they are shown in a new geomorphological map at the 1:10,000 scale. The presence of glaciers in the Mt. Cimone area, during the last glacial expansion, is witnessed by small cirques and vast moraine deposits modeled in the shape of ridges. Post-glacial slope landforms and deposits due to periglacial processes and gravity are very common. The landslides are of various types and essentially inactive. Worthy of note for their dimensions are some mass movements on the eastern sector of the study area. In the Mt. Cimone area small perennial or temporary lakes of structural, glacial and artificial origin are found. Finally, anthropogenetic landforms mainly linked to winter tourism, which has been particularly accentuated in the past decades, are widespread. The novelty of this work is that many zones mapped as landslide or debris slope deposits in previous papers, have been here considered as moraine deposits. The trenches, concavities and reverse slopes which locally characterize watersheds and slopes and which have been not considered in former papers, have been interpreted for the first time as the surface expression of "Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformations". The extent of the glacial features in the area is much wider than it was believed before. Moreover all the landslides are of post-glacial age as they involve or covers the glacial deposits. Therefore the main, or at least one of the most important, triggering factor of the Mt. Cimone mass movements, could be the glacial debuttressing.

CASTALDINI D. ( 2009 ) - Le forme del paesaggio della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano (Appennino Modenese) - Geobenessere. La Geologia tra Salute e Wellnes - Edizioni Artestampa Modena ITA) - pp. da 40 a 47 ISBN: 9788864620046 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il lavoro descrive in dettaglio le forme del paesaggio della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano, ubicata al margine dell'Appennino modenese, nel territorio del Comune di Fiorano Modenese. Al margine appenninico affiorano prevalentemente sedimenti argillosi e sabbiosi di origine marina di età variabile dal Pliocene inferiore al Pleistocene inferiore. Le “salse” sono delle emissioni di fango geneticamente connesse a risalita in superficie di acqua salata e fangosa frammista ad idrocarburi principalmente gassosi e, in piccola parte liquidi lungo discontinuità prodotte dagli accavallamenti frontali dell’Appennino La forma degli apparati di emissione dipende dalla densità della melma; se densa si hanno “coni” di varia altezza, se liquida si hanno “polle” a livello del terreno. Le Salse di Nirano sono ubicate all'interno di una conca nella zona di cerniera di una struttura anticlinalica interessata da faglie. Nella Riserva sono assai diffuse le forme e i depositi originati dalle acque correnti superficiali; tra esse si possono quasi ovunque osservare tipici esempi di calanchi che sono una delle piu' spettacolari forme di erosione che caratterizzano i terreni argillosi. Anche forme e depositi di versante dovuti alla gravità sono ampiamente diffusi, tra cui numerosi sono i corpi di frana.

Tosatti G.; Castaldini D. ( 2009 ) - L’evoluzione morfologica e il modellamento del Fiume Panaro e dei suoi affluenti - Panèra, Guida all’Ambiente del Fiume Panaro - Grandi & Grandi Savignano s/P. (MO) ITA) - n. volume 2 - pp. da 39 a 56 ISBN: 9788875790202 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il paragrafo illustra le caratteristiche e le peculiarità geomorfologiche ed idrografiche del bacino del Fiume Panaro (Provincia di Modena), sulla base dell'evoluzione morfologica e del modellamento fisico avvenuti nel corso del Quaternario.

CASTALDINI D. ( 2009 ) - Maps and multimedia tool for the popularization and promotion of protected areas of the Apennines of Modena (northern Italy) - Géomorphosites 2009. Imagerie, inventaire, mise en valeur et vulgarisation du patrimoine géomorphologique. Volume des résumés - Association Internationale des Géomorphologues Paris FRA) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 50 a 50 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The absract illustrates the Tourist-Environmental Maps and a CD-Rom implemented in the last years for the popularization and promotion of protected areas located in hilly and mountain sectors of the Modena Apennines. The hilly area is the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano. The mountain sectors consist of the upper Tagliole Valley and Mt. Cimone area, located within the Frignano Park

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A.; MACCAFERRI A. ( 2009 ) - Some considerations on geomorphological hazard assessment for territorial planning - Epitome - - - ITA) - n. volume 3 - pp. da 146 a 146 ISBN: 19721552 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The researches on the geomorphological hazard carried out in the last years in mountain areas of the Modena and Bologna Provinces (Northern Apennines) have shown, in several situations, that instability processes do not completely correspond with those mapped by the Instability Inventory Maps used by the Public Administrations for their territorial planning within the framework of the Province-Coordinated Territorial Plans (named as PTCP). The differences consist in the location, state of activity and/or extent of the instability phenomena which, from a practical point of view, are the characterizing elements of the instability processes.The differences highlighted are due to different causes. One of them is the fact that the Instability Inventory Maps are derived from the Geological maps created for the Regional Geological Map. In the latter, according to its construction criteria, the superficial deposits have been given a secondary importance and just those with a wide extent have been mapped, giving more relevance to the substratum and to the structural-tectonic aspects. Another cause is represented by the very active and intense geomorphological dynamics of the Northern Apennines: geomorphological processes may produce or reactivate instability conditions as it happened during the autumn/winter period of 2008/2009. In that period, after unfavourable meteorological events (coincidence of high precipitations, both solid and liquid, and snow pack melting), many new and reactivated landslide occurred.Following this consideration, the Instability Inventory Maps, that have a great applied significance for territorial planning, should be updated not only on the base of a traditional geological map, but also following an accurate geomorphological cartography (implementation of geomorphological maps at the 1:5,000/1:10,000 scale) which can precisely define the genesis, dynamics and morphometry of instability phenomena. This study should be based on detailed mining of historical and bibliographical data, on consultation of geological documentation (geomorphological and geological maps, professional geological reports etc.), on the interpretation of multi-scale aerial and satellite images of different time periods and on the detailed field survey accompanied by interviews with local inhabitants about past instability events. The great bunch of collected data should be gathered within a Geodatabase through which it is possible to perform a critical cross-validation and synthesis of the knowledge acquired.With the final aim of produce a document suitable for territorial planning, in a following step the geomorphological cartography and the Geodatabase should be used to asses the geomorphological hazard. In this study, geomorphological hazard maps make reference to the Swiss method which complies with the Italian law (DM180/98, L267/98, DPCM 29/9/98). This method is based on a classification of the intensity and frequency of the events for each category of instability processes. This is achieved by means of univocal matrix combinations which allow the definition of various levels of geomorphological hazard (possibly cross-verified by applied-geology investigations).Cartography of hydrogeological instability should include, as a first step, the updating of the Instability Inventory Maps, at least for the areas of future development, by means of geomorphological maps; this should lead to produce, as second step, geomorphological hazard maps should, also suggesting remedial measures in order to solve or at least mitigate processes resulting from geomorphological hazards.

Castaldini, Doriano; Marchetti, Mauro; Cardarelli, Andrea ( 2009 ) - Some notes on geomorphological and archaeological aspects in the central Po Plain (Northern Italy) - Ol’man River. Geo-Archaeological aspects of rivers and river plains - Ghent University, Akademia Press Ghent, Belgio BEL) - n. volume Archaeological Reports Ghent University, 5 - pp. da 193 a 211 ISBN: 9789038214047 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Since long time, there have been several attempts to cross-date geomorphological evidence with archaeological data in the Po Plain. From a methodological standpoint, a definition of the relationship between fluvial forms and archaeological sites cannot be expressed by a simple presence/absence ratio but it is necessary to distinguish between surface and buried sites. The central Po Plain is characterized by a complex distribution of fluvial landforms and deposits. The comparison of geomorphological and archaeological data shows that the sector to north of the R. Po has been very stable during the whole Holocene. Along the main palaeochannels on the Main Level of the Po Plain, fed by ice melting from the Late Pleistocene glaciers, several Bronze Age settlements have been identified.On the contrary, in the sector south of the R. Po, the landscape was subject to significant changes. In the Modena city area, starting from the end of the Roman Age the watercourses passed from a runoff occurring in deep riverbeds to one hanging over, or at least at the same level as, the surrounding plain. The R. Secchia shifted to the east and the R. Panaro to the west downstream of the town. From the Bronze Age to the Late Middle Ages the R. Po flowed in a belt about 20 km wide shifting from south to north.

CASTALDINI D.; CORATZA P.; PANIZZA M. ( 2009 ) - Some remarks on the mass movements of the upper sector of the Northern Apennines - Ancient Landscape – Modern Perspectives - Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group and International Association of Geomorphology Melbourne, Australia AUS) - n. volume Conference Abstracts - pp. da 1037 a 1037 ISBN: 1 877040 74 6 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

In this abstract are illustrated some of the results reached through detailed geomorphological studies carried out in the last decade in three areas of the upper sector of the Northern Apennines; these studies led to the implementation of geomorphological maps at the scale 1:10.000. The areas are the Abetone zone, the Upper Tagliole Valley and Mt. Cimone zone and are located on the north exposed slope of the Apennines. The remarks of this work is that many zones mapped as landslide or debris slope deposits in previous geological maps, can be considered as moraine deposits. The twin ridges, trenches and reverse slopes which locally characterize watersheds and slopes and which have been not considered in former papers, can be interpreted as the surface expression of "Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformations". The extent of the glacial features is much wider than it was believed before the implementation of geomorphological maps. Moreover all the landslides are of post-glacial age as they involve or covers glacial landforms and deposits.

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A. ( 2009 ) - Studio della pericolosità geomorfologica in aree produttive del bacino montano del Fiume Panaro (Appennino Settentrionale) - MEMORIE DELLA SOCIETA' GEOGRAFICA ITALIANA - n. volume 87 - pp. da 87 a 98 ISSN: 0391-5190 [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This paper illustrates the study of geomorphological hazards (landslides and fluvial processes) that affect productive sites within the mountain basin of the Panaro river. The research, carried out in three phases, was aimed to produce detailed maps of geomorphological instability phenomena and of geomorphological hazard. In the first phase, the crossing, in GIS, of General Land Regulation Plans and Landslide Inventory Maps has allowed to select 16 productive areas (extent > 2 hectares). In phase two, the study and cartography of instability phenomena in the selected areas have been based upon the analysis of bibliographic data and of geological reports, upon the interpretation of temporal series of multi-scale aerial photographs and satellite images and upon field investigations. The great amount of data has been organized and structured within a GIS database. In phase three, the cartography of geomorphological hazards has been carried out using a methodology based on a matrix that correlates intensity and frequency classes of instability phenomena: this allows to define the different hazard levels. This study has highlighted how, in many places, data on instability phenomena (both in terms of space and time) do not correspond with the picture reported by the Landslide Inventory Map of the Modena Province.

MAQUAIRE O.; MALET J.-P.; CASTALDINI D.; VON ELVERFELDT K.; PLA F.; SOLDATI M.; GRECO R.; PASUTO A. ( 2009 ) - The Be-Safe-Net website: a tool for the education on landslides. - Landslide processes. From geomorphologic mapping to dynamic modelling - CERG Editions Strasbourg FRA) - n. volume - - pp. da 321 a 326 ISBN: ISBN 951831714 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This paper presents the structure and the organisation of “BE-SAFE-NET”, a web-portal on Disaster Awareness with the use of the internet, developed in the framework of the FORM-OSE programme (European Training Programme for South, East and West) of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement. The pilot project of the website is focused on landslides and is managed by CERG. Some examples of pedagogical material for education on landslides are presented.

CASTALDINI D.; CORATZA P.; MARCHETTI M.; PANIZZA M. ( 2009 ) - The contribution of the geomorphologic mapping to the geotourism in mountain areas of Northern Italy - Ancient Landscape – Modern Perspectives - Australian and New Zealand Geomorphology Group and International Association of Geomorphology Melbourne, Australia AUS) - n. volume Conference Abstracts - pp. da 1038 a 1038 ISBN: 1 877040 74 6 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

It is described the contribution of geomorphologic documents and criteria and methodology used for the implementation of Geotourist maps, at different scales, in four areas; one of them is located in the Alps and three in the Modena Apennines (Northern Italy). As concern the alpine sector, the study area is located in a sector of the Dolomites where some geological-geomorphological itineraries have been planned. As concern the Modena Apennines, one sector is the hilly area of the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano. Two mountain sectors, elevations consist of the upper Tagliole Valley and Mt. Cimone area, located within the Frignano Park. This abstract illustrates the cartographic documents designed suitably. This leaflet combines the most evident geological-geomorphological aspects with fundamental tourism information and emphasise only the landscape elements that the tourist can directly recognise and observe on his own. The goal was to produce maps that could be easily interpreted by tourists to help them understand the landscape.

CASTALDINI D.; MAQUAIRE O.; MALET J.-P.; VON ELVERFELDT K.; PLA F.; GRECO R.; PASUTO A.; SOLDATI M. ( 2009 ) - The education on Disaster Awareness through the "BE-SAFE-NET" website: the pilot project on landslides - Epitome - - - ITA) - n. volume 3 - pp. da 29 a 29 ISBN: 19721552 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This abstract describes the website on Disaster Awareness with the use of the internet BE-SAFE-NET, which is developed within the framework of the FORM-OSE programme of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement. In particular is illustrated the experience gained in preparing the pedagogical material on landslides.

MAQUAIRE O.; CASTALDINI D.; MALET J.-P.; PLA F.; VON ELVERFELDT K.; SOLDATI M.; GRECO R.; PASUTO A. ( 2009 ) - The education on landslides through the BE-SAFE-NET webportal on Disaster Awareness - Geophysical Research Abstracts - European Geosciences Union Vienna (Austria) AUT) - n. volume 11, 2009 - pp. da 11073 a 11073 ISBN: 10297006 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The abstracts describe the website on Disaster Awareness with the use of the internet “BE-SAFE-NET” which is developed within the(European Training Programme for South, East and West. Based on the experience gained in preparing the landslide pedagogical documents, a clear guidelines for preparing material related to other risks (seismic, floods, snow avalanches, etc, ...) will be helpful for the ultimate goal of the website that is to provide information and material for secondary school teachers in order to prepare associatedcurricula (and consequently avoiding University grade documents). The website is still in progress for further natural and man-made hazards. The landslide pilot section is now nearly complete.

CASTALDINI D.; CORATZA P.; PANIZZA M. ( 2009 ) - The new geomorphological map of the area of Mt. Cimone (Northern Apennines, Italy) - The role of geomorphology in land management - SAP Società Archeologica s.r.l. Mantova ITA) - n. volume Abstract Volume - pp. da 54 a 55 ISBN: 9788890009471 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This abstract describes a new geomorphological map implemented in the area of Mt. Cimone which is located in the high Apennines of Modena Province, Italy. The Mt. Cimone, which attains the altitude of 2165 m a.s.l. (the highest peak of the Northern Apennines), is one of the most important winter and summer tourism resorts of the entire Apennines. The landforms and deposits of the study area may be mainly defined according to the following groups of morphogenetic factors and processes: glacial landforms and deposits, cryogenetic and nivation landforms and deposits, structural landforms, slope landforms and deposits due to gravity; landforms and deposits due to running water, anthropogenic landforms; they are shown in a new geomorphological map at the 1:10,000 scale.

CASTALDINI D.; CORATZA P.; DALLAI D.; DEL PRETE C.; DOBRE R.; PANIZZA M.; PIACENTINI D.; SALA L.; ZUCCHI E.; BARTOLI L. ( 2009 ) - The Tourist-Environmental map of Mt. Cimone (Northern Apennines, Italy) - The role of geomorphology in land management - SAP Società Archeologica s.r.l. Mantova ITA) - n. volume Abstract Volume - pp. da 56 a 57 ISBN: 9788890009471 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This abstract describes the contribution of geomorphologic documents and the criteria and methodology used for the implementation of Geo-tourist maps and Tourist-Environmental Map in Mt. Cimone area (Modena Province, Northern Apennines)

Tosatti G.; Castaldini D.; Barbieri M.; D’Amato Avanzi G.; Giannecchini R.; Mandrone G.; Pellegrini M.; Perego S.; Puccinelli A.; Romeo R.W.; Tellini C. ( 2008 ) - Additional Causes of Seismically-Related Landslides in the Northern Apennines, Italy - REVISTA DE GEOMORFOLOGIE - n. volume 10 - pp. da 5 a 21 ISSN: 1453-5068 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The results of a multidisciplinary research on the additional causes in historical landslides induced by earthquakes in the north-western sector of the Northern Apennines (Italy) are discussed. 18 well documented landslides induced by seismic shocks were identified. Up to 11 landslides were set in motion by a strong (6.5 magnitude) earthquake which struck the Tyrrhenian side of the Northern Apennines on September 7th 1920. Other landslides were triggered by earthquakes occurring from 1779 to 2003. These landslides were triggered by earthquakes ranging from 3.3 to 6.5 magnitude (IV to X MCS degrees). The earthquake-related landslides studied are mainly complex or slide-type movements. The rock types involved are prevalently calcareous flysch, clay shales and debris. Detailed studies on geology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, soil/rock mechanics and meteorology were carried out in each landslide area. According to the data collected during research, it comes out that earthquakes seem to be just the triggering cause for a great number of these landslides whereas the intrinsic causes mainly result from the amount of precipitation in the preceding periods (soil saturation conditions and build-up of pore-water pressures). Out of the 18 landslides investigated, earthquakes undoubtedly played a decisive role in 5 cases only. Also the lithological characteristics and weathering conditions of the bedrock appear to be extremely important since the five cases previously mentioned affected loose debris materials or weak rocks.

D. CASTALDINI; GHINOI A; MACCAFERRI A ( 2008 ) - Analisi di dettaglio della pericolosità geomorfologica del borgo medievale di Riola di Labante (Appennino Bolognese). - IL GEOLOGO DELL'EMILIA-ROMAGNA - n. volume 32 - Nuova Serie - pp. da 5 a 18 ISSN: - [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Lo studio analizza le condizioni di stabilita del borgo Medievale di Riola di Labante attraverso indagini geomorfologiche e geotecniche di dettaglio e un’analisi di pericolosita geomorfologica.Si è analizzata nel dettaglio la situazione di stabilità, anche al fine di verificare quanto contenuto a tale proposito nel PTCP, dove buona parte dell’area viene definita a rischio idrogeologico elevato, limitandone fortemente possibili future trasformazioni.Lo studio ha permesso una puntuale definizione delle frane presenti presso l’area del borgo, per le quali si è evidenziato come in nessun modo vadano ad interagire con esso.Pertanto sono stati evidenziati limiti che le Unità Idromorfologiche Elementari del PTCP possono avere e si è sottolineato come solo un’analisi di dettaglio, come quella qui proposta, possa effettivamente condurre ad una precisa definizione spaziale del rischio idrogeologico.

Bertacchini M.; Benito A.; Castaldini D. ( 2008 ) - Carta Geo-Archeo- Turistica del territorio di Otricoli (Terni, Umbria) - Geologia e turismo. Beni geologici e geodiversità - Servizio Geologico Sismico e dei Suoli - Regione Emilia-Romagna BOLOGNA ITA) - pp. da 213 a 220 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Vengono sintetizzati i criteri e la metodologia applicati per la realizzazione della Carta Geo-Archeo-Turistica del territorio di Otricoli, caratterizzato da resti archeologici situati tra tavolati in tufo e rilievi di rocce sedimentarie. La carta consente una lettura a più voci del territorio unendo ai principali aspetti geologico-geomorfologici dell’area, l’indicazione dei resti archeologici che è ancora possibile osservare sul terreno insieme ad informazioni di carattere prettamente turistico.

D. CASTALDINI; CORATZA P; BARTOLI L; DALLAI D; DEL PRETE C; DOBRE R; PANIZZA M; PIACENTINI D; SALA L; ZUCCHI E ( 2008 ) - Carta Turistico Ambientale del Monte Cimone, Parco del Frignano [Cartografia (294) - Cartografia]
Abstract

Geomorphological map (at the 1:10,000 scale) and Digital Terrain Model (DTM) have been produced. Geotourist map was derived, with appropriate simplifications and integrations, from the geomorphological maps; the geotourist map combines the most evident geomorphological features with fundamental tourist information. The Geotourist map and the DTM are the cartographic documents characterizing Tourist- Environmental map; this is a thematic pocket foldable map printed on both sides with illustration notes both in English and Italian. In addition, the Tourist- Environmental map contains a synoptic description of the geological, geomorphological, botanical and zoological aspects, accompanied by photographs and information on excursion trails, visitor centres, refreshment points and overnight-stay places and, finally, cultural and tourism attractions.Parco del Frignano, Eliofototecnica Barbieri, Parma

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A. ( 2008 ) - Geomorfologia ed evoluzione del territorio di Carpi dal XIX secolo all'Attuale - La città e il territorio dalle origini dell'affermazione dei Pio - Mucchi Editore Modena ITA) - n. volume primo - pp. da 23 a 50 ISBN: 9788890414305 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il lavoro illustra le caratteristiche geomorfologiche e l’evoluzione dal XIX secolo ai giorni nostri all’attuale del territorio comunale di Carpi ed aree limitrofe. La ricerca è stata realizzata sia attraverso indagini e metodi tradizionali, come la ricerca bibliografica, l’analisi della cartografia storica, il rilevamento sul terreno e lo studio di fotografie aeree analogiche, sia con l’uso di strumentazioni e sistemi tecnologicamente avanzati, come l’analisi di fotografie aeree e immagini satellitari in formato digitale e l’utilizzo di Sistemi Informativi Territoriali (SIT) per la realizzazione della cartografia tematica corredata da dettagliata descrizione. Le caratteristiche geomorfologiche sono illustrate attraverso le seguenti carte: I) Carta del microrilievo naturale; II) Modello Digitale delle Altezze (DEM); III) Carta dei depositi superficiale; IV) Carta dell’idrografia superficiale; V) Carta geomorfologica. Le carte realizzate consentono una buona lettura delle caratteristiche geomorfologiche del territorio anche ai non specialisti. L’evoluzione del territorio a partire dal XIX secolo è stata rappresentata attraverso l’elaborazione delle seguenti carte:i) Carta del territorio nella prima metà dell’Ottocento. II) Carta del territorio nella seconda metà dell’Ottocento. III) Carta del territorio nella prima metà del Novecento. IV) Carta del territorio nella seconda metà del Novecento. V) Carta del territorio attuale. VI) Carta dell'evoluzione del centro urbano di Carpi dalla prima metà dell’Ottocento ad oggi. La ricostruzione evolutiva ha certificato come la grande urbanizzazione risalga alla seconda metà del XX secolo e sia continuata sino ad oggi con un marcato incremento.

D. CASTALDINI ( 2008 ) - Maps and multimedia tool for the environmental tourism in protected areas of the Modena Apennines (northern Italy) - GEOJOURNAL OF TOURISM AND GEOSITES - n. volume 1 - pp. da 13 a 33 ISSN: 2065-0817 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper describes the characteristics, criteria and methodology used for the implementation of maps (Tourist-Environmental Maps) and a multimedia tool (CD-Rom) for the environmental tourism in protected areas located in hilly and mountain areas of the Apennines of Modena. The hilly area is the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano; the “Salse” are small mud volcanoes formed by emissions of salt water mixed with mud and pushed up by methane rising to the surface along ground discontinuities. The mountain sectors consist of the upper Tagliole Valley and Mt. Cimone area, located within the Frignano Park; they are mainly characterized by glacial and cryogenic and gravitational landforms and deposits.Geomorphological maps and Digital Terrain Models (DTM) have been produced. Geo-tourist maps were derived from the geomorphological maps; the geo-tourist maps combine the most evident geological/geomorphological features with fundamental tourist information. The goal was to produce maps that could be easily interpreted by tourists to help them understand the landscape.The geo-tourist maps and the DTM are the cartographic documents characterising tourist-environmental maps which are thematic pocket foldable maps printed on both sides with illustration notes both in English and Italian. In addition, the tourist-environmental maps contain a synoptic description of the geological, geomorphological, botanical and zoological aspects, accompanied by photographs and information on excursion trails, visitor centers, behaviour rules, refuges and restaurants and, finally, cultural and tourist attractions in the protected and surrounding areas. The CD-Rom consists in a digital multimedia gallery, produced in the 2007 for 25th anniversary of the Reserve of Salse di Nirano, that can be browsed like a web page. The CD-Rom is structured in five main units. A brief introduction, with the guide to the CD-Rom, is followed by the description of the Reserve. The core of the CD-Rom is represented by the scientific aspects (description of geology, geomorphology, flora and vegetation, fauna, fossils and climate). The other parts are dedicated to the tourist aspects (with a Geo-tourist map) and to a multimedia gallery that groups sound recordings, movies, photos plus a virtual flight. The CD-Rom contain several thematic maps which can be downloaded as PDF files. The tourist-environmental maps and CD-Rom form part of the initiatives taken by Public Boards to improve the knowledge, utilisation and appraisal of the environment of protected areas in the tourist sector.

D. CASTALDINI; GHINOI A ( 2008 ) - Recent morphological changes of the River Panaro (Northern Italy) - IL QUATERNARIO - n. volume 21 (1B) - pp. da 267 a 278 ISSN: 0394-3356 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper describes the morphological changes of the River Panaro from the 19th century to date and provides the relationships between human activity and stream geomorphology. The studies were carried out using historical documents and maps, aerial and satellite imagery taken on various dates, digital treatment of maps and orthophotographs and field surveys.The River Panaro has a catchment basin of 1,784 km2 and collects waters from the central section of the Northern Apennines. It starts from the confluence of the Scoltenna and Leo torrents and flows down through Modena Apennines for some 63 km. It then makes its way across the Po Plain for 85 km until it joins the River Po. In the Po Plain it flows across two distinct sectors with different morphological characteristics: in the upper sector the river runs deep in the alluvial plain, whereas in the mid-lower part it is elevated above the level of the plain, contained within artificial embankments.In the Panaro valley, from the 1930s to the 1950s, the river showed a braided pattern which occupied almost the entire flat valley floor. Important changes occurred later, due to the downcutting and narrowing of the active channel, which have continued until the present day. In the upper part of the plain., the river occupied a large depression with a braided riverbed at the beginning of the 19th century. In the following periods there was an increase of human interventions along the river (construction of embankments, walls and groynes), in order to reclaim surrounding areas from flooding and turn highwater beds into farming land. This led to narrowing in several stretches of the riverbed, although it still maintained a braided pattern until the 1930s. Subsequently, after the 1950s, the braided pattern became canalised and deepened and the shape of the longitudinal profile changed from a hyperbola-type curve to a step-type one.The channel changes in the Apennines and in the upper part of the plain were mainly due to gravel excavation along the riverbed. Quarrying activities stopped after a law was passed in the early 1980s and, at the same time, fluvial barrages were constructed. On the whole, these hydraulic works reduced the bed load, increasing water erosion power downstream. As a result, the deepening process has continued and a new terrace level has formed in the past 30 years. Channel adjustments have led to the change from a braided channel pattern to a transitional one.In the mid-lower part of the plain, the river length has been reduced by 10-11 km (which corresponds to about 13% of its length in this plain sector) by artificial meander cut-offs carried out since the 19th century to reduce flood hazard. In this way, along long stretches of its course, the River Panaro has assumed the aspect of an artificial watercourse. Since the cut-offs did not adequately reduce flood hazard, “flow regulation systems” were constructed in the area east of Modena.It can therefore be stated that the morphology and evolution trend of the River Panaro have been conditioned by direct and indirect human activities over the past two centuries, especially after the 1950s, and that its evolution is similar to what has been recorded in other Italian rivers.

PELLEGRINI M.; CASTALDINI D. ( 2008 ) - Sorgenti di pianura: risorgive e fontanili - Atlante Tematico delle Acque d’Italia - Brigati GENOVA ITA) - pp. da 87 a 90 ISBN: 9788887822540 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

L'articolo inizialmente introduce alcune precisazioni dei termini impiegati per indicare il processo di emergenza delle acque sotterranee, sia da un punto di vista concettuale, sia da quello terminologico. Successivamente passa in rassegna le sorgenti di pianura distinte in tre gruppi: 1. sorgenti connesse alla circolazione entro complessi idrogeologici dei rilievi montuosi (ma con emergenza nelle aree di pianura, poste alla base dei rilievi medesimi); 2. risorgive (sorgenti con emergenza naturale) e fontanili (sorgenti indotte con metodi artificiali), ovvero sorgenti con sistema acquifero interamente compreso nei depositi alluvionali; 3. sorgenti o risorgive conseguenti al sifonamento della falda.

BERTACCHINI M.; BENITO A.; CASTALDINI D. ( 2007 ) - Carta Geo-Archeo- Turistica del territorio di Otricoli (Terni, Umbria). - - - Servizio Geologico Sismico e dei Suoli - Regione Emilia-Romagna Bologna ITA) - n. volume 2 - pp. da 17 a 18 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Vengono sintetizzati i criteri e la metodologia applicati per la realizzazione della Carta GeoArcheoTuristica del territorio di Otricoli, caratterizzato da resti archeologici situati tra tavolati in tufo e rilievi di rocce sedimentarie. La carta consente una lettura a più voci del territorio unendo ai principali aspetti geologico-geomorfologici dell’area, l’indicazione dei resti archeologici che è ancora possibile osservare sul terreno insieme ad informazioni di carattere prettamente turistico.

D. CASTALDINI; CARDARELLI A; CATTANI M; PANIZZA M; PIACENTINI D ( 2007 ) - Geo-archaelogical aspect in the Modena plain (Northen Italy) - PHYSIO-GÉO - n. volume 1 - pp. da 33 a 60 ISSN: 1958-573X [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Since long time, there have been several attempts to cross-date geomorphological evidence with archaeological data in the Po Plain. From a methodological standpoint, a definition of the relationship between fluvial forms and archaeological sites cannot be expressed by a simple presence/absence ratio but it is necessary to distinguish between surface and buried sites. The central Po Plain is characterized by a complex distribution of fluvial landforms and deposits. The comparison of geomorphological and archaeological data shows that the sector to north of the R. Po has been very stable during the whole Holocene. Along the main palaeochannels on the Main Level of the Po Plain, fed by ice melting from the Late Pleistocene glaciers, several Bronze Age settlements have been identified.On the contrary, in the sector south of the R. Po, the landscape was subject to significant changes. In the Modena city area, starting from the end of the Roman Age the watercourses passed from a runoff occurring in deep riverbeds to one hanging over, or at least at the same level as, the surrounding plain. The R. Secchia shifted to the east and the R. Panaro to the west downstream of the town. From the Bronze Age to the Late Middle Ages the R. Po flowed in a belt about 20 km wide shifting from south to north.

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A. ( 2007 ) - Geomorphological Hazards Affecting Main Productive Areas in the Mountain Basin of the Panaro River (Modena Apennines, Italy): a Case Study - ANALELE UNIVERSITăţII DIN ORADEA. FASCICULA GEOGRAFIE - n. volume tom. XVII - pp. da 11 a 20 ISSN: 1221-1273 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper preliminarily illustrates a research, which takes into account the study of geomorphological hazards (i.e. landslides and fluvial processes) in the mountain-basin’s areas of the Panaro River which host productive activities. The article describes the methodology used to study and map geomorphological hazards in 16 productive areas: bibliographical and historical research, interviews with local inhabitants, analysis of the most recent cartographic documents, such as the Instability Inventory Map of the Modena Province (IIM) and of time series of aerial photographs/satellite images, field survey and GIS spatial analyses. The application of this methodology has given a precise and detailed framework of the past and current state of activity and spatial evolution of instability processes in the study area.Some practical remarks are given concerning the state of activity of processes and the mapping problems encountered due to the oldness of the topographic base maps.The case study of the Ceramiche Serra tile-factory is presented as an example of the application of the methodology.In general, differences have been detected between the instability framework identified in this work and that depicted by the official documents for territorial planning of the Modena Province (IIM). This highlights the need for a detailed geomorphological mapping (like the one proposed in this article) in order to produce documents which have a strong binding in territorial-planning issues.

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A ( 2007 ) - Geomorphological hazards assessment in the mountain basin of the Panaro River (Northern Apennines, Italy). - Geophysical Research Abstracts - European Geosciences Union Vienna AUT) - n. volume 9, 2007 [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The abstract illustrates a research which takes into account the study and mapping of geomorphological hazards (i.e. landslides and fluvial processes) in the mountain basin’s areas of the Panaro River which host productive activities. The first phase of the research dealt with the identification of areas where significant productive activities subject to geomorphological instability are present. The second phase has been the acquisition of all available information and documents regarding the 16 productive areas and their surroundings subject to geomorphological instability.For the assessment of geomorphological hazards, a method based on a classification of the intensity and frequency of the events for each category of instability processes has been applied. Substantial differences have been identified between the geomorphological hazards assessed through this study and those represented by the Regional Instability Inventory Map.

CASTALDINI D.; CONTI S.; CONVENTI M.; DALLAI D.; DEL PRETE C.; FAZZINI M.; FONTANA D.; GORGONI C.; GHINOI A.; RUSSO A.; SALA L.; SERVENTI P.; VERRI D.; BARBIERI M. ( 2007 ) - Le Salse di Nirano [Software (296) - Software]
Abstract

Questo CD-Rom, organizzato in appositi capitoli contrassegnati da colori differenti, riunisce i diversi aspetti della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano in cinque unità tematiche, alle quali è possibile accedere attraverso il menu di navigazione o attraverso un'apposita pagina introduttiva.Il primo capitolo s'intitola HOME e contiene, oltre alla pagina iniziale, i paragrafi relativi alla guida al CD-Rom, agli autori e alla mappa del sito.Il secondo, chiamato RISERVA, ha come oggetto la Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano, descritta sotto il profilo storico-istituzionale, negli aspetti legati alle strutture di accoglienza e dei servizi offerti, oltre a fornire le informazioni sul regolamento di fruizione dell'area e sulle pubblicazioni inerenti le Salse di Nirano .Il terzo, ASPETTI SCIENTIFICI, raggruppa appunto gli aspetti più prettamente scientifici della riserva naturale delle Salse di Nirano, e contiene i "paragrafi" relativi alla geologia, al clima, alla geomorfologia, ai fossili, alla flora e vegetazione ed alla fauna.Il quarto capitolo, ASPETTI TURISTICI, fornisce una serie di utili informazioni turistiche ed allega una lista di interessanti attrazioni nei dintorni di Nirano; esso contiene inoltre un paragrafo dedicato alla Carta Geoturistica della Riserva.Il quinto capitolo, GALLERIA MULTIMEDIALE, contiene una ricca raccolta d'immagini delle Salse di Nirano, di suoni registrati all'interno della Riserva e di filmati delle salse; di particolare rilievo il volo virtuale sulla Riserva, un modo tutto nuovo di osservare il territorio di Nirano. La galleria multimediale presenta inoltre una significativa bibliografia scientifica sul fenomeno generale delle Salse e sui vari aspetti della riserva di Nirano, un'apposita sitografia (una raccolta di siti web) assieme ad una galleria studi in cui si possono scaricare i pdf di pubblicazioni scientifiche che permetteranno al lettore particolarmente interessato di approfondire i singoli aspetti sulle salse di Nirano.

CASTALDINI D.; GHINOI A. ( 2007 ) - Morphological changes in the valley and in the upper plain of the Panaro river (Province of Modena) - Epitome - FIST, Federazione Italiana di Scienze della Terra Udine ITA) - n. volume 2 - pp. da 361 a 361 ISBN: 19721552 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The researches carried out in the last years have allowed to highlight the morphological changes in the valley and in the upper plain of the Panaro river. These studies were carried out according to the traditional methods used in geomorphology (bibliographic research; research on historical documents and maps, interpretation of aerial photographs, field-survey) as well as with methods concerning digital treatment of maps and digital ortophotographs.The Panaro River collects the waters from the central section of the Northern Apennines and flows into the River Po after running across the Modena Apennines and the Po Plain.The Panaro course in the Po Plain flows through two distinct sectors showing different geomorphological characteristics: in the upper sector of the plain the river runs deep in the alluvial plain, whereas in the mid-lower part of the plain it flows as hanging river within artificial embankments. As regards the evolution over the past two centuries, at the beginning of the 19th century the river occupied a large depression with an anastomosing overdeposited riverbed in the upper sector of the plain; in the following periods the increase of man’s interventions along the river (construction of embankments, walls and groynes), in order to protect the territory from floods and reclaim high-water areas for farming practices, led to a narrowing of the riverbeds in several points which in any case have maintained the anastomosing pattern until the 1930s. Subsequently, it turned from a braided riverbed to a canalised course subject to marked deepening; the shape of the longitudinal profile changed from a hyperbola-type curve to a step-type one.In the Panaro valley, the comparison between the topographical elements currently visible in the filed and the topographic base map (the Regional Technical Map dated to some 30 years ago) has highlighted a substantial change along the river valley. Particularly, besides a great growth of urban areas on the river terraces, the river has undercut its bed forming a new terrace. Its formation is likely to date back to the end of the seventies and the beginning of the eighties.As for the causes of these changes, mainly circumscribed to the past 50 years, the effects of natural causes seem to have played a minimal role. These modifications were in fact mainly due to gravel excavation activities along the riverbed and the construction of fluvial barrages. This evolution is similar to what has been recorded in other Italian rivers.

GHINOI A.; CASTALDINI D. ( 2007 ) - Studio della pericolosità geomorfologica in aree produttive del bacino montano del Fiume Panaro (Appennino Settentrionale). - Riassunti delle Comunicazioni - ARPA Piemonte Torino ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 60 a 61 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Il presente contributo illustra gli esiti di uno studio riguardante le pericolosità geomorfologiche (frane e processi fluviali) che interessano 16 aree produttive del bacino montano del Fiume Panaro.La ricerca, svolta in tre fasi, è stata finalizzata all’elaborazione di carte di dettaglio dei fenomeni di dissesto geomorfologico e della pericolosità geomorfologica. Nella prima fase è stato effettuato un incrocio in ambiente GIS tra Piani Regolatori Generali e Carte del Dissesto che ha condotto alla selezione di 16 aree produttive significative. Nella seconda fase, lo studio e la cartografia dei dissesti nelle aree produttive sono stati basati su una accurata analisi di fonti bibliografiche e di vari documenti geologici, sull’interpretazione di fotografie aeree e immagini satellitari multi-scalari e multitemporali e sul rilevamento sul terreno. Nella terza fase è stata realizzata la cartografia della pericolosità geomorfologica utilizzando un metodo basato sull’utilizzo di una matrice che mette in relazione classi di intensità e frequenza dei fenomeni di dissesto il cui incrocio permette di definire i diversi livelli di pericolosità. Questo studio ha evidenziato che in molti luoghi i dati sui fenomeni di dissesto (sia in termini spaziali sia temporali) non concordano con la Carta del Dissesto della Provincia di Modena.

BERTACCHINI M; BENITO CALVO A; CASTALDINI D. ( 2007 ) - The Geoarchaeo-Tourist Map of the Territory of Otricoli (Umbria Region, Central Italy): Preliminary Notes. - ANALELE UNIVERSITăţII DIN ORADEA. FASCICULA GEOGRAFIE - n. volume 17 - pp. da 105 a 114 ISSN: 1221-1273 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This article illustrates the preliminary notes on the criteria and methods applied for implementing a GeoArchaeo-Tourist map of the territory of Otricoli. Otricoli is a village located in the south of the Umbria Region (Central Italy), on the eastern margin of the Apennine chain and the west bank of the River Tiber. Marine sediments (Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene) and fluvial sediments (Early-Middle Pleistocene) covered by tuff rocks (Middle-Late Pleistocene) crop out in the area and control the physical forms of the landscape.By means of ArcGIS computer programme, a set of maps and three-dimensional visualizations have provided to represent the Otricoli natural landscape. The GeoArchaeo-Tourist map has been elaborating, integrating geological, geomorphological and archaeological aspects with the tourist infrastructure in order to obtain a document readable, simple, clear but scientifically accurate also for non-expert users. This map is an original cartographic elaboration in the field of geo-tourist thematic mapping.The main purpose of the GeoArchaeo-Tourist map is to favour the tourist to discover the Otricoli landscape and to promote its sustainable development.

CASTALDINI D.; CONVENTI M.; GHINOI A.; VERRI D. ( 2007 ) - Tourist valorisation of the Natural Riserve of the Salse di Nirano through a multimedia gallery on CD-Rom - Epitome - FIST, Federazione Italiana Scienze della Terra Udine ITA) - n. volume 2 - pp. da 320 a 320 ISBN: 19721552 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

he natural reserve of Salse di Nirano custodies the widest “salse” complex of the region and one of the most important in Italy and in Europe. The Salse di Nirano was the first natural reserve to be recognized by the Emilia-Romagna region, in 1982. Besides the peculiar geological phenomenon this Natural Reserve represents an important ecosystem. Year 2007 is the 25th anniversary of the Reserve and, for this occasion, a digital multimedia gallery, in a CD-Rom format, has been realized.The aim of the CD-Rom was to valorise the Natural Reserve of the Salse through detailed scientific studies undertaken on all naturalistic and anthropic aspects of the Reserve. The CD-Rom language is Italian, but also a short English version is present.The output of the work was a renewed and up-to-date research organized in one CD-Rom that can be browsed like a web page. A brief introduction is followed by the description of the Reserve. The core of the CD-Rom is represented by the scientific aspects which include: the details on the Salse phenomenon, the geology and the geomorphology of the area, its flora and vegetation, its fauna, its fossils and its climate. Each scientific chapter is an autonomous page with a central text and side pictures that can be enlarged by directly clicking on them or by clicking on their respective hyperlink in the text. Words that are too specific of each scientific jargon have been left as they are in the text, but an hyperlink on them may guide the reader to better understand their meaning thanks to pop-up windows.A part of the CD-Rom is dedicated to tourist aspects. The core of it is represented by the Geo-tourist map which gives a complete and accurate overview of all the current attractions present. This map, like all the other maps present in the CD-Rom, can be also viewed and downloaded as PDF file.The last part is a multimedia gallery that groups sound recordings, short movies and photos capturing glimpses of the everyday’s natural life of the Reserve, plus a virtual flight. A bibliographical gallery contains references and PDF files of the main scientific papers on the Reserve area.

MARCHETTI M.; CASTALDINI D. ( 2006 ) - Aspetti gemorfologici e archeologici della Pianura Padana. - Medioevo, paesaggi e metod - SAP, Società Archeologica s.r.l. Mantova ITA) - n. volume 42 - pp. da 87 a 102 ISBN: 97888871115 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

L'articolo esamina lo stretto legame che intercorre tra indagine geomorfologica ed archeologica che consente una sempre più proficua conoscenza del territorio di epoche passate sia dal punto di vista ambientale sia della distribuzione del popolamento antropico e delle attività umane connesse. Dopo un inquadramento generale della tematica, vengono illustrati alcuni esempi nella pianura lombarda e nella pianura emiliana.

CASTALDINI D.; MARCHETTI M.; CARDARELLI A. ( 2006 ) - Geomorphological and archaeological aspects in the central Po Plain (northern Italy). - “Ol’man River”. Geo-Archaeological Aspects Of Rivers And River Plains. - Universiteit Gent Gent BEL) - n. volume - - pp. da 21 a 22 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The comparison of geomorphological and archaeological data in some places of the central Po Plain allowed many fluvial forms to be dated and to reconstruct the evolution summarised as follows. Sector to south of the R. Po: i) from the Bronze Age to the late Middle Ages the R. Po flowed in a belt about 20 km wide, between the latitude 44° 54’ approx and its present position (latitude 45° 03’ approx); on the whole, the R. Po course has shifted from south to north; ii) the investigations indicate the shift to the east of the R. Secchia and to the west of the R. Panaro in the area downstream of Modena starting from the Bronze Age; iii) in the Modena city area, starting from the end of the Roman Age, an aggradational-type model of fluvial evolution was hypothesised. According to this model, the watercourses, even the minor ones, passed from a runoff occurring in deep riverbeds to one hanging over, or at least at the same level as, the surrounding plain.Sector to north of the R. Po, the area has been very stable during the whole Holocene: i) along the main palaeochannel of the R. Mincio, fed by ice melting from the Late Pleistocene Garda glacier, several Bronze Age settlements are identified; the settlements along the large palaeochannel fed by many springs; ii) some kilometres SE of Mantova city, along a large palaeochannel, a Neolithic settlement is singled out; in the same area Bronze age, Roman Age and Middle Age remnants are distributed on the same terrace surface

D. CASTALDINI ( 2006 ) - Geomorphological aspects of the flood hazard in the area between the rivers Po, Secchia and Panaro (Po Plain, Northern Italy) - RISCURI şI CATASTROFE - n. volume 3/2006 - pp. da 163 a 174 ISSN: 1584-5273 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper examins the geomorphological aspects of the flood hazard in the area between the rivers Po, Secchia and Panaro. The River Po, which flows in the northern part of the study area, and the Rivers Secchia and Panaro, which flowing northwards cross the study area, have periodically caused flooding in their territory. The flood hazard, related to morphological factors, is much higher in the sector north of Modena (where the rivers flow elevated over the surrounding plain between high banks) than in the sector south of the town (where the watercourses run deep in the alluvial plain). North of Modena. in order to defend the territory from the flood hazard the systematic practice to build, strengthen and increase in height artificial banks was adopted. Moreover several meander cuts were carried out along the Rivers Secchia and Panaro (the length reductions correspond to about 11÷12% of their overall length in the plain). As these interventions resulted to be ineffective, flow-regulation systems were constructed in the area of Modena along both rivers. They consists of a regulating dam built across the riverbed and a storage basin bordered by embankments. The historical flood events show that the banks breaches often occured near to paleochannels and that the flooded waters were collected in the lower areas and had as boundaries the embankements and/or the fluvial ridges flanks; sometimes the flooded waters remained for long periods in the areas where mainly clay superficial deposits crop out. Therefore, an important contribution to assess the flood hazard can be given by the geomorphological investigation through the implementation of GIS georeferenced thematic documents (Digital Elevation Model, microrelief, surface deposits and geomorphological maps) and related Data Base.

CASTALDINI D.; BALOCCHI P. ( 2006 ) - Studio geomorfologico del territorio di pianura a sud di Modena - La Bonifica nei territori di Alta Pianura - Tipolitografia F.G. Savignano sul Panaro (Modena) ITA) - pp. da 69 a 100 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Vengono descritte le caratteristiche geomorfologiche del territorio di pianura posto a sud di Modena e, con particolare dettaglio, del settore compreso tra Spilamberto e Vignola, zona in cui ricade un Bacino Pilota oggetto di uno studio di Ingegneria Idraulica. Lo studio geomorfologico è stato realizzato sia attraverso indagini e metodi tradizionali, come la ricerca bibliografica, il rilevamento sul terreno e lo studio delle fotografie aeree, sia con l’uso di strumentazioni e sistemi tecnologicamente avanzati, come l’analisi di fotografie aeree in formato digitale e l’utilizzo di Sistemi Informativi Territoriali (SIT). La cartografia prodotta,per il territorio della pianura a sud di Modena a scala 1:25.000 e per l’area Spilamberto-Vignola a scala 1:5.000, è la seguente: Carta del microrilievo naturale, Modello Digitale delle Altezze (DEM), Carta dei depositi superficiali, Carta geomorfologica.

CASTALDINI D.; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C.; BAROZZINI E.; BARTOLI L.; DALLAI D.; DEL PRETE C.; SALA L. ( 2005 ) - Carta Turistico-Ambientale dell’Alta Valle delle Tagliole, Parco del Frignano [Cartografia (294) - Cartografia]
Abstract

La Carta Turistico-Ambientale è una carta pieghevole, tascabile, stampata fronte/retro, con note illustrative sintetiche in italiano e in inglese, i cui elementi caratterizzanti sono una Carta Geo-Turistica e un Modello Digitale del Terreno (DTM). La Carta Turistico-Ambientale contiene: i) testi esplicativi che descrivono sinteticamente il Parco del Frignano, la Carta Geo-Turistica, il DTM, gli itinerari escursionistici, flora e vegetazione e fauna; ii) immagini fotografiche degli aspetti geo-ambientali piu’ significativi; iii) informazioni logistiche sui Centri Visita e sui rifugi e ristoranti; iv) indicazioni sulle attrattive turistiche nei dintorni.

CASTALDINI D.; MARCHETTI M.; ANGHINELLI A.; ANGHINELLI S.; TIRABASSI J. ( 2005 ) - Evoluzione geomorfologica della bassa pianura mantovana e reggiana (Pianura Padana, Italia Settentrionale) - MATERIALI - DIPARTIMENTO DI GEOGRAFIA. UNIVERSITÀ DI PADOVA - n. volume 28/2005 - pp. da 63 a 65 ISSN: 1120-9704 [Abstract in rivista (266) - Abstract in Rivista]
Abstract

Il lavoro si occupa dell’evoluzione geomorfologica del settore di Pianura Padana che comprende la parte sud-occidentale della Provincia di Mantova e l'estremità settentrionale della Provincia di Reggio nell'Emilia, separate tra loro dal F. Po nel tratto tra foce Enza e foce Oglio.Lo studio geomorfologico è stato realizzato attraverso la ricerca bibliografica, il rilevamento sul terreno, lo studio delle fotografie aeree (sia analogiche sia digitali) e l’utilizzo di Sistemi Informativi Territoriali.Sono stati realizzati una Carta del microrilievo, un Modello Digitale delle Altezze e una una Carta geomorfologica.

CASTALDINI D.; PANIZZA M. ( 2005 ) - Geomorfologia e rischio sismico. - Manuale di Geomorfologia Applicata - Franco Angeli MILANO ITA) - pp. da 250 a 301 ISBN: 9788846467973 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il capitolo descrive i rapporti tra Geomorfologia e Rischio Sismico. Inizia illustando il contributo della Geomorfologia negli studi sul rischio sismico per poi passare a descrivere la Morfoneotettonica (concetti e metodi, faglie attive e faglie capaci, morfoneotettonica a scala regionale, Paleosismologia e indici geomorfici). Prosegue trattando la Suscettibilità sismica (rassegna sulle metodologie di studio in Italia, il ruolo della Geomorfologia, esempi cartografici) e conclude descrivendo gli effetti superficiali sismoindotti (tipologia, frane sismoindotte, il ruolo della Geomorfologia nel pronto. intervento).

CASTALDINI D.; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C.; CHIRIAC C. ( 2005 ) - Geo-Tourist Map of the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano (Modena Apennines, Northern Italy) - IL QUATERNARIO - n. volume 18 (1) - pp. da 245 a 255 ISSN: 0394-3356 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This article illustrates the criteria and methods applied for implementing a Geo-Tourist map of the Natural Reserve of “Salse di Nirano”. This map is an “original” cartographic elaboration in the field of Italian thematic mapping.The “Salse” are small mud volcanoes genetically linked to the ascent to the surface of salty and muddy waters mixed with gaseous (methane) and, to a lesser extent, fluid hydrocarbons along tectonic discontinuities produced by overthrusting along the front of the Apennine chain. The mud volcanoes of the Modena Apennines have been known since a long time and have always aroused great interest: they are described in many papers, starting as early as Pliny the Elder, in around 50 A.D.Since the “Salse di Nirano” are one of the best developed mud-volcano phenomena of the entire Italian territory and among the largest in Europe, in 1982 a Natural Reserve was established in the area by the Emilia-Romagna Region; the reserve territory covers a total area of about 200 ha with elevations ranging from 140 to 308 m.By means of ArcView GIS computer program a Digital Terrain Model (DTM), a Geomorphologic map and a Geo-Tourist map have been elaborated and will be displayed at the Visitor Center of the Reserve. The orographic arrangement of the territory is effectively illustrated by DTM, which was implemented on the basis of altimetric data of the Regional Technical Map (CTR) of the Emilia-Romagna Region. The detailed geomorphologic features are represented in a Geomorphologic map, elaborated on the basis of bibliographic research, interpretation of aerial photographs and field survey. In the study area, where silty-clay soil types (Plio-Pleistocene in age) crop out, landforms and deposits resulting from the endogenetic activity of the mud volcanoes, running water, gravity, anthropogenic activities and polygenetic landforms were recognized.The Geo-Tourist map was derived (with appropriate simplifications and integration) from the Geomorphologic map. The Geo-Tourist map combines the most evident geomorphologic features (mud volcanoes, badlands, landslides, anthropogenetic landforms, bedrock, surface deposits, ponds, marshes etc.) – which can be observed and recognized even by non-experts – with fundamental tourist information (main roads, parking places, visitor center, excursion trails, picnic areas, panoramic points, restaurants and places to stay). The Geo-Tourist map and DTM are the characterizing documents of a new tourist map of the Reserve (Tourist-Environmental map). In particular, the Geo-Tourist map is a foldable, pocket-size, front/rear printed map, with explanatory notes in Italian and English: it was published with the financial support of the Municipality of Fiorano Modenese.This article proves that geomorphologic research can effectively contribute to the implementation of documents and maps useful in the field of tourism.

CASTALDINI D.; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C. ( 2005 ) - Geo-tourist maps: examples in mountain, hilly and plain areas of Modena Province (Northern Italy). - Abstracts Volume - Gutierrez F,., Gutierrez M., Desir G., Guerrero j., Lucha P., Marin C., & Garcia-Ruiz J.M. (Eds) Zaragoza ESP) - n. volume - - pp. da 408 a 408 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The criteria and methods applied for implementing Geo-Tourist maps in three protected areas of the Modena Province are here described.The study mountain area is the upper Tagliole Valley located in the Modena Apennines. It is comprised within the Frignano Park and is mainly characterized by glacial and cryogenic landforms, The hilly area is the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano located in the Modena Apennines margin. The “Salse” are small mud volcanoes built by emissions of salt water mixed with mud and pushed up by methane coming to surface along ground discontinuities. The third study area is the Natural Oasis of Mirandola Valleys, the lowest depressed area of the Modena plain. It is characterized by fluvial geomorphologic features and humid environment.In order to have detailed information about the physical landscape of the study areas, Geomorphologic maps and Digital Terrain Models (DTM) have been realized. The Geo-Tourist maps were derived (with appropriate simplifications and integrations) from the Geomorphologic maps. The Geo-Tourist maps combine the most evident geomorphological features with fundamental tourist information (parking places, excursion trails, picnic areas, refreshment and overnight-stay sites, etc…), The goal was to produce maps that could be easily interpreted by tourists and help them to understand the landscape.The DTM and Geo-Tourist maps were the characterizing documents of tourist foldables, pocket-size, front/rear printed Tourist-Environmental maps. These initiatives witness how geomorphologic investigations can contribute to the activities of the Public Administrations aiming to improve the information, fruition and appraisal of protected areas.

CASTALDINI D; VALDATI J. ILIES D.C.; CON LA COLLABORAZIONE DI, BERTOGNA I; BAROZZINI E; CHIRIAC C; GORGONI C; D. DALLAI; DEL PRETE C.; SALA L ( 2005 ) - La Carta Turistico Ambientale della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano (Appennino Modenese) - Problemi e poltiche del Turismo. Contributi alle Giornate del Turismo 2003-2004 - PATRON BOLOGNA ITA) - pp. da 391 a 410 ISBN: 9788855528931 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il presente articolo illustra i criteri e la metodologia utilizzati per la realizzazione della Carta Turistico-Ambientale della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano. Questa carta, che rappresenta un documento originale nella panoramica della cartografia tematica italiana, fa parte delle iniziative realizzate per migliorare la conoscenza e la valorizzazione della Riserva.La Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano è ubicata al margine dell'Appennino modenese, nel territorio del Comune di Fiorano Modenese che la gestisce. La sua superficie si estende per un totale di 207 ha ed è compresa fra i 140 e i 308 m di quota. Essa è stata istituita nel 1982 con l’obiettivo di proteggere e conservare le caratteristiche naturali ed ambientali del fenomeno geologico delle “salse”.Le salse, che occupano un'area di circa 10 ha nel cuore della Riserva, sono forme connesse a risalita in superficie di acqua variamente salata e fangosa con idrocarburi (gassosi e liquidi) lungo discontinuità del terreno. Le salse a volte sono singole, ma più spesso formano gruppi (detti “campi”) di varia estensione ed importanza come quello di Nirano. La forma degli apparati di emissione dipende dalla densità della melma; se densa si hanno coni di varia altezza (da alcuni decimetri ad alcuni metri) se liquida si hanno polle a livello del terreno (diametri da alcuni decimetri a pochi metri). I fanghi vengono emessi sotto forma di colate. Per le affinità morfologiche con i veri vulcani, le salse a cono vengono dette anche “vulcani di fango”.La Carta Turistico-Ambientale è una carta pieghevole, tascabile, stampata fronte/retro, con note illustrative sintetiche in italiano e in inglese, i cui elementi caratterizzanti sono una Carta Geo-Turistica e un Modello Digitale del Terreno (DTM) realizzati utilizzando il Sistema Informativo Territoriale ArcView. La Carta Geo-Turistica coniuga la rappresentazione dei più evidenti aspetti geomorfologici (salse, calanchi, frane, opere antropiche, litologia del substrato e depositi superficiali, specchi d’acqua, paludi ecc.) che possono essere osservati e riconosciuti anche da persone non esperte con l’indicazione delle informazioni turistiche fondamentali (punti di accesso, parcheggi, centro visitatori, percorsi escursionistici, punti panoramici, aree di sosta attrezzate, punti di osservazione avifauna, punti di ristoro e di pernottamento); il DTM mostra l’assetto morfologico generale del territorio della Riserva.Gli altri contenuti della Carta Turistico-Ambientale sono: i) testi esplicativi che descrivono la riserva e il fenomeno delle salse, la Carta Geo-Turistica, il DTM, i percorsi escursionistici, flora e vegetazione, fauna, il Centro visite Cà Tassi; ii) immagini fotografiche degli aspetti ambientali piu’ significativi; iii) informazioni logistiche sul Centro Visite Cà Tassi e sui punti di ristoro ed alloggio; iv) indicazioni sintetiche sulle attrattive turistiche dei dintorni.La Carta Turistico-Ambientale testimonia come la ricerca scientifica, in particolare la ricerca geologica (s.l.), possa efficacemente contribuire alla realizzazione di documenti per il settore del Turismo.

D. CASTALDINI; ILIES D.C ( 2005 ) - Some remarks on the term “Active Fault - STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI. GEOGRAPHIA - n. volume 2 - pp. da 15 a 25 ISSN: 1221-079X [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper analyzes the various definitions of the term “active fault” in geologic literature (in a broad sense). This reviewing activity, concentrated on the articles published in the past few decades and on the internet research, has generated the following remarks: i) the term is used to indicate faults which have been subject to movement in recent geologic time or which might move in the present or future; ii) the age limit given to active faults varies depending on the authors; iii) active faults are often associated with strong earthquakes. Identification of active faults can be based on direct and/or indirect methods (historical, geologic, geomorphologic, seismologic, geodetic, geochemical, geophysical and volcanic criteria). In conclusion, at present no universally accepted definition has been agreed upon for “active fault”, nor have the principles and criteria for the identification of active faults and their ranking been worked out.

CASTALDINI D.; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C. ( 2005 ) - The contribution of the geomorphologic mapping to the environmental tourism in protected areas: examples from the Apennines of Modena (Northern Italy) - REVISTA DE GEOMORFOLOGIE - n. volume 7/2005 - pp. da 91 a 106. ISSN: 1453-5068 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper considers the contribution of geomorphological documents and the criteria and methodology used for the implementation of tourist - environmental maps in two protected areas located in hilly and mountain areas of the Apennines of Modena (Northern Italy). The hilly area is the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano; the “Salse” are small mud volcanoes formed by emissions of salt water mixed with mud and pushed up by methane rising to the surface along ground discontinuities. The mountain area consists of the Upper Tagliole Valley, located within the Frignano Park; it is mainly characterized by glacial and cryogenic landforms.Geomorphological maps and Digital Terrain Models (DTM) have been produced. Geo-tourist maps were derived from the geomorphological maps; the geo-tourist maps combine the most evident geomorphological features with fundamental tourist information. The goal was to produce maps that could be easily interpreted by tourists to help them understand the landscape.The geo-tourist maps and the DTM are the cartographic documents characterising tourist-environmental maps; these are thematic pocket foldable maps printed on both sides with illustration notes both in English and Italian. In addition, the tourist-environmental maps contain a synoptic description of the geological, geomorphological, botanical and zoological aspects, accompanied by photographs and information on excursion trails, visitor centers, behaviour rules, refreshment points and overnight-stay places and, finally, cultural and tourist attractions in the protected and surrounding areas. The tourist-environmental maps form part of the initiatives taken by Public Boards to improve the knowledge, utilisation and appraisal of the environment of protected areas. These studies show how geomorphological investigations can effectively contribute to the production of maps which can be used in the field of environmental tourism.

CASTALDINI D.; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C. ( 2005 ) - The contribution f the geomorphologic mapping to the environmental tourism in protected areas: examples in Modena Province (Northern Italy). - Geomorphology & Environment - University of Bucharest/ Faculty of Geography Bucharest ROU) - n. volume - - pp. da 12 a 13 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This work describes the contribution of geomorphologic documents and the criteria and methodology used for the implementation of Geo-tourist maps and Environmental-Tourist Maps in three protected areas located in mountain, hilly and plain areas of the Modena Province (Northern Italy).The study mountain area is the upper Tagliole Valley located in the Modena Apennines. It is mainly characterised by glacial and cryogenic landforms. The hilly area is the Natural Reserve of Salse di Nirano located in the Modena Apennines margin. The “Salse” are small mud volcanoes. The third study area is the Natural Oasis of Mirandola Valleys which is characterised by fluvial geomorphologic features and humid environment.Geomorphologic maps and Digital Terrain Models (DTM) have been realized. The Geo-tourist maps, derived from the Geomorphologic maps, combine the most evident geomorphologic features with fundamental tourist information (e.g. parking places, excursion trails, picnic areas, overnight-stay sites, etc…). The goal was to produce maps that could be easily interpreted by tourists and help them to understand the landscape.The Geo-Tourist maps and the DTM are the cartographic documents characterising Environmental-Tourist maps. These are thematic pocket foldable maps printed on both sides with illustration notes both in English and Italian.The Environmental -Tourist maps are part of the initiatives adopted for improving the knowledge, fruition and appraisal of the environment of protected areas. These studies witness how geomorphologic investigations can effectively contribute to the elaboration of maps utilizable in the field of environmental tourism.

CASTALDINI D.; ILIES D.C. ( 2004 ) - Active and Capable Fault - Encyclopedia of Geomorphology - Routledge London GBR) - pp. da 1 a 3 ISBN: 9780415327374 ISSN: - [Voce (in dizionario o enciclopedia) (271) - Voce in Dizionario o Enciclopedia]
Abstract

CARDARELLI A.; CASTALDINI D.; CATTANI M.; PANIZZA M.; PIACENTINI D. ( 2004 ) - Dettagli sull’evoluzione della pianura modenese. Confronto fra le Ricerche di Archeologia e Geomorfologia. - Per un Atlante Storico Ambientale Urbano - Comune di Modena, Ufficio Ricerche e Documentazione sulla Storia Urbana CARPI (MODENA) ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 78 a 79 ISBN: 9788889109052 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il confronto fra i dati acquisiti da ricerche geomorfologiche e archeologiche ha condotto alal collocazione cronologica di molte vforme fluviali e pertanto ha consentito di ricostruire l'evoluzione della panura di Modena a partire dal VI° millennio a.C.

CASTALDINI D. ( 2004 ) - Frane e terremoti: rassegna delle frane sismoindotte dell’Appennino Modenese-Reggiano. - Contributi per la conoscenza delle frane dell’Appennino Modenese. - Accademia del Frignano "Lo Scoltenna" Pavullo nel Frignano ITA) - n. volume Rassegna Frignanese, n.33 (2003) - pp. da 101 a 118 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Gli effetti superficiali indotti dai terremoti hanno causato centinaia di migliaia di morti e miliardi di euro di danni negli ultimi secoli. Tra gli effetti superficiali più comuni dei terremoti, in aree montuose, vi sono le “frane sismoindotte”. L'articolo descrive le frane dell’Appennino modenese-reggiano che, secondo varie fonti bibliografiche, possono essere con sicurezza correlate a terremoti; si tratta cioè di movimenti di massa che si sono verificati in stretta relazione spazio - temporale con eventi sismici. In totale sono state individuate 13 frane sismoindotte, di cui sei ubicate nell’Appennino modenese e sette nell’Appennino reggiano (in tutta l'area ben 7 sono dovute al terremoto della Garfagnana del 7 settembre 1920. Un ruolo assai importante è stato svolto dalla quantità di precipitazioni che hanno preceduto i fenomeni franosi.

CARDARELLI A.; CASTALDINI D.; CATTANI M.; GIUSTI C.; LABATE D.; PANIZZA M.; PELLEGRINI M.; PELLEGRINI S.; PIACENTINI D. ( 2004 ) - Geo-archaeological aspectsi in Modena plain, northern Italy - Aspects Géomorphologiques et Géo-archeologiques des changements climatiques en Europe - Universitè de Reims Reims FRA) - n. volume - - pp. da 18 a 18 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This abstract traces the various stages of geomorphological evolution of the plain area around Modena from the VI millennium B.C. to the Present, through reconstruction of the ancient landscape and human settlements.Geomorphological investigations have led to the implementation of a Micro-relief Map, a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), a Map of surface deposits and a Geomorphological Map.As regards archaeological studies, it was possible to connect archaeological findings with geomorphological surface evidence with a good level of precision. The topographic and stratigraphic positions of archaeological finds have been compared with paleoenvironmental data, in order to reconstruct the evolution of the territory.The comparison of geomorphological and archaeological data allowed many fluvial forms to be dated. In particular, it was interesting to observe the westward shift of the River Panaro from the Bronze Age and the connection of many sites of this period with the fluvial forms identified. In addition, in the area of the historical centre of Modena it was possible to reconstruct the ancient soil levels, starting from Roman times, and measure the thickness of archaeological stratigraphies and alluvial deposition layers. This led to a model of fluvial evolution which shows the aggradation of the plain where the watercourses turn from deepened riverbeds to hanging riverbeds.

CASTALDINI D.; ILIES D.C.; VALDATI J. ( 2004 ) - Geo-Tourist map of the upper Tagliole valley (Modena Apennines, northern Italy) - Abstracts, part 1 - IUGS - EC Firenze ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 138 a 139 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The criteria and methods applied for the implementing of Geo-Tourist map of the upper Tagliole Valley (Modena Apennines) are here described. It is comprised within the Frignano Park and is mainly characterized by glacial and cryogenic landforms. Geomorphologic map and Digital Terrain Model (DTM) have been realized. The Geo-Tourist map, derived from the Geomorphologic map, combines the most evident geomorphological features with fundamental tourist information.The DTM and Geo-Tourist map will be the characterizing documents of a tourist foldable, pocket-size, front/rear printed Tourist-Environmental map.

CASTALDINI D.; CAREDIO F.; DAMATO-AVANZI G.; PERILLI N.; PUCCINELLI A. ( 2004 ) - Glacial features in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines (Italy). Evidences from the Abetone area. - The “Regione Toscana”Proiect of Geological Mapping. - Regione Toscana, Servizio Geologico Regionale FIRENZE ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 67 a 76 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

The highest peaks of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines often show ancient glacial landforms and deposits, among which cirques, moraine ridges, overdeepned hollows, roches moutonnée and striations are represented. In this paper, the fundamental traces of the last glaciations in the Abetone area are synthetically illustrated. The data acquired in time by many Authors allowed glacial chronology to be reconstructed, starting from late Upper Pleistocene. As regards the Abetone area (Rio delle Pozze and Torrente Motte valleys), glacial traces referable only to the Alpine Würm III were recognized. In this area, an attempt to reconstruct a relative chronology of the stadial phases identified forms related to Apennines Stages I and II. On the contrary, the Apennines Stage III did not leave any trace, since its permanent snow limit would be found at heights superior to those of the peaks of this area. ), The lack of traces of glacial periods older than the Würm may be explained with the hypothesis that they could be obliterated by erosional processes linked to the considerable uplift of this sector occurring from the Middle-Upper Pleistocene and continuing to date.

CASTALDINI D.; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C. ( 2004 ) - La Carta Geo-Turistica dell’alta valle delle Tagliole (Parco del Frignano, Appennino Modenese) - Atti secondo convegno nazionale Geologia e Turismo - Servizio Geologico, Sismico e dei Suoli - Regione Emilia Romagna Bologna ITA) - n. volume 2 - pp. da 155 a 157 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Il lavoro illustra i criteri e la metodologia applicati per la realizzazione della Carta Geo-Turistica dell’alta valle delle Tagliole ubicata nel Parco del Frignano. Per aiutare il turista nella lettura e nella comprensione del paesaggio dell’area sono stati elaborati, una Carta Geomorfologica, un Modello Digitale del Terreno (DTM) e una Carta Geo-Turistica. La Carta Geo-Turistica è stata derivata (con appropriate semplificazioni ed integrazioni) dalla Carta Geomorfologica e coniuga la rappresentazione dei più evidenti aspetti geomorfologici, che possono essere osservati e riconosciuti anche da persone non esperte, con l’indicazione delle informazioni turistiche fondamentali.

CASTALDINI D.; RIGHI D. ( 2004 ) - La Carta turistico-ambientale dell’Oasi Naturalistica delle valli mirandolesi (bassa pianura modenese) - Atti secondo convegno nazionale Geologia e Turismo - Servizio Geologico, Sismico e dei Suoli - Regione Emilia-Romagna Bologna ITA) - n. volume 2 - pp. da 153 a 154 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Il lavoro propone una Carta Turistico-Ambientale dell’Oasi Naturalistica delle Valli Mirandolesi. La rinaturalizzazione e la valorizzazione di quest’area hanno previsto la conversione di aree agricole in specchi d’acqua e prati umidi, il ripristino di siepi, di boschi e di complessi macchia-radura, e la realizzazione di strutture atte a favorire il turismo rurale, l’ecoturismo e il geoturismo.La Carta Turistico-Ambientale è un documento che coniuga gli aspetti ambientali con quelli turistici ed è stato redatto in modo tale da essere facilmente compreso anche dal turista non esperto di cartografia.

PANIZZA M.; CASTALDINI D.; PELLEGRINI M.; GIUSTI C.; PIACENTINI D. ( 2004 ) - Matrici geo-ambientali e sviluppo insediativo: un’ipotesi di ricerca - Per un Atlante Storico Ambientale Urbano. - APM Edizioni CARPI (MODENA) ITA) - pp. da 31 a 62 ISBN: 9788889109052 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Viene tracciata la storia dell’evoluzione geomorfologica del territorio modenese, dal VI millennio a.C. (Neolitico) all’Attuale, in rapporto alla ricostruzione del paesaggio antico e in relazione alla presenza umana sottolineando gli stretti rapporti fra aspetti geoambientali e sviluppo insediativo. Vengono anche indicati i principali problemi di pericolosità ambientale, con considerazioni sull’evoluzione storica del rapporto fra lo sviluppo insediativo e l’ambiente.La cartografia prodotta, con relative note illustrative è la seguente: 1) Carta del microrilievo naturale; 2) Modello Digitale delle Altezze; 3) Carta dei depositi geologici superficiali; 4) Carta geomorfologica; 5) Carta dei geositi; 6) Carte delle esondazioni del XIX e XX secolo:a) Carta generaleb) Carta delle esondazioni del 1966, 1972 e 19737) Carta dell’allagabilità naturale potenziale

CASTALDINI D. ( 2004 ) - Paesaggi dei flysch appenninici - Atlante dei tipi geografici - Istituto Geografico Militare Firenze ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 112 a 113 ISBN: 9788852389139 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

I Flysch sono successioni di arenarie, calcari e peliti di origine torbiditica. I paesaggi dei Flysch, sono in funzione della litologia che li costituisce (alternanza di litotipi) e, soprattutto, dell’assetto strutturale. Nell'articolo vengono descritti, con l'ausilio di carte dell'IGM, alcuni esempi di paesaggi dei Flysch nell'Appennino Settentrionale.

BAROZZINI E.; BERTOGNA I.; CASTALDINI D.; DALLAI D.; DEL PRETE C.; CHIRIAC C.; GORGONI C.; ILIES D.C.; SALA L.; VALDATI J. ( 2004 ) - Riserva Naturale Regionale delle Salse di Nirano: Carta Turistico- Ambientale [Cartografia (294) - Cartografia]
Abstract

La Carta Turistico-Ambientale è una carta pieghevole, tascabile, stampata fronte/retro, con note illustrative sintetiche in italiano e in inglese, i cui elementi caratterizzanti sono una Carta Geo-Turistica e un Modello Digitale del Terreno (DTM). La Carta Turistico-Ambientale contiene: i) testi esplicativi che descrivono la riserva e il fenomeno delle salse, la Carta Geo-Turistica, il DTM, i percorsi escursionistici, flora e vegetazione, fauna, il Centro visite Cà Tassi; ii) immagini fotografiche degli aspetti ambientali piu’ significativi; iii) informazioni logistiche sul Centro Visite Cà Tassi e sui punti di ristoro ed alloggio; iv) indicazioni sintetiche sulle attrattive turistiche dei dintorni.

CASTALDINI D. ( 2004 ) - Superfici intravallive - Atlante dei tipi geografici - Istituto Geografico Militare Firenze ITA) - n. volume - - pp. da 176 a 178 ISBN: 9788852389139 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Le superfici intravallive, intendendo con questo termine le superfici all’interno delle valli fluviali, possono essere le piu’ varie. Si possono avere valli fluviali a fondo piatto, con superfici laterali a ripiani, con superfici laterali asimmetriche, etc….Nell'articolo vengono descritte, con l'ausilio di carte dell'IGM, alcuni esempi di superfici a “glacis” (termine francese descrittivo che indica una superficie debolmente inclinata) delle Alpi e degli Appennini

CASTALDINI D.; CHIRIAC C.; ILIES D.C. ( 2003 ) - Documenti digitali per la conoscenza integrata dei Geositi: l’esempio della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano - La memoria della Terra. La Terra della Memoria - Grafiche Damiani BOLOGNA ITA) - pp. da 121 a 127 ISBN: 8888260072 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

After elaborating a new geomorphological map and a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) by means of ArcView GIS, this study allowed an in-depth knowledge of the geomorphological processes taking place in the Natural Reserve of “Salse di Nirano” (Modena Apennines, Italy). In this area, where silt-clay soil types crop out, landforms and deposits resulting from the “endogenetic” activity of the mud volcanoes, due to running water, due to gravity and to anthropogenetic activities were recognised. Furthermore, the main elements of the hydrography and excursion itineraries within the Reserve were also shown both in the geomorphological map and in the DTM in order to provide the tourist with an easy interpretation of the surrounding landscape.

CASTALDINI D.; CHIRIAC C.; ILIES D.C.; VALDATI J. ( 2003 ) - Geomorphological sensitivity: the case study of the Natural Reserve of “Salse di Nirano” (Modena Apennines) - Geomorphological sensitivity and system response - Arte Lito Camerino (MC) ITA) - pp. da 121 a 127 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This research deals with the geomorphological characteristics of the Salse di Nirano area located at the margin of Modena Apennine, and with the changes in the landscape induced by the istituzione of a Natural Reserve in this area.Le salse (mud volcanoes) di Nirano, essendo il fenomeno pseudo-vulcanico meglio sviluppato of Italy, sono state descritte in numerosissimi lavori e nel 1982 sono diventate a Natural Reserve. The aims of this study were to get an in-depth knowledge of the geomorphological characteristics of the Reserve and to carry out a qualitative assessment of the geomorphological sensitivity of the area related to the institution of the park.The study was conducted according to the following investigation phases: (i) bibliographic research; (ii) morphological analysis through the interpretation of aerial photographs taken in various periods; (iii) field survey; (iv) Elaboration of a Digital Terrain Model; (v) Elaboration of geomorphological maps referring to the features in 2002 and in 1973; (vi) Assessment of the geomorphological sensitivity. The DTM and the geomorphological maps have been elaborated by means of ArcView GIS. In this area, where silt-clay soil types (Plio-Pleistocene age) crop out, landforms and deposits resulting from the “endogenetic” activity of the mud volcanoes, due to running water, due to gravity, due to anthropogenetic activities and poligenetic landforms. Landforms and deposits have been distinti in active and dormant/inactive. In the geomorphological maps also the hydrography has been indicated.A qualitative assessment of the geomorphological sensitivity induced by the istituzione of a Natural Reserve in the Salse di Nirano area has been carried out by the comparison of the features represented in the geomorphological maps of 2002 and of 1973. The comparison ha evidenziato that the environmental protection of the area ha comportato, in conseguenza della riduzione dell'attività silvo-pastorale, una crescita della vegetazione arbustiva che ha, in gran parte, stabilizzato landforms and deposits due to running waters and due to gravity. L'abbandono degli specchi d'acqua artificiali ha portato alla creazione di piccole paludi e al colmamento di laghetti. Concerning the anthropogenetic landforms, si è riscontrata una riduzione of the areas affected by creep due to grazing, l'abbandono of a quarrying area and of an impianto industriale e la realizzazione di un parking per i visitatori. From literature, si puo' affermare that che considerable reduction of anthropogenetic disturbances has allowed the increase of the apparati of the mud-volcanoes which can now develope with no constrains.

CASTALDINI D.; with contributions by; VALDATI J.; ILIES D.C.; MOLINARI E. ( 2003 ) - Guide to the Excursion in the Modena Apennines - “Geomorphological sensitivity and system response”. - Arte Lito Camerino (MC) ITA) - pp. da 143 a 167 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The excursion in the Modena Apennines will take place in the southern sector of the Province of Modena in the surroindings of Pievepelago and Mt. Cimone (cf. Fig. 1). This sector is located in the upper-middle basin of the river Panaro. The river Panaro, has total lengths of 148 km and catchment basin of 1,784 km2; this river collect waters from the central section of the Northern Apennines and, after a course through the Po Plain, it flows into the River Po. The river Panaro and the river Secchia, which flows in the western sector, are the main rivers of the Province of Modena.The Modena Apennines range in altitude between about 150 m a.s.l., along the margin with the plain, and 2,000 m a.s.l., along the watershed between theAdriatic and Tyrrhenian sides of the chain. The highest peak is Mt. Cimone (2,165 m a.s.l.), located more to the north with respect to the main Northern Apennine watershed.The main stops of the excursion will be held in the Tagliole Valley and in the Mt. Cimone area which are comprised within the Regional Park of the Upper Modena Apennines (or Frignano Park), established in 1988 by the Emilia-Romagna Region. The highest peaks of the Northern Apennines are found in it. It comprises protection zones, with several restrictions.The overnight stay will be at Pievepelago , a pleasant hamlet located on a fluvial terrace at the bottom of the R. Scoltenna.

D. CASTALDINI; C. GIUSTI; M. MARCHETTI ( 2003 ) - La Geomorfologia del corso del Po e del territorio nel tratto foce Enza – foce Oglio - L’anima del Po. Terre, acque e uomini tra Enza e Oglio. - Luigi Battei PARMA ITA) - pp. da 5 a 31 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

L'area di studio comprende l'estremità settentrionale della Provincia di Reggio nell'Emilia e la parte sud-occidentale della Provincia di Mantova che risultano separate tra loro dal F. Po, nel tratto foce Enza - foce Oglio. Vengono illustrate l'origine della Pianura Padana, l'evoluzione paleoidrografica della pianura tra Reggio Emilia, Modena e Mantova e le caratteristiche geomorfologiche dell'area attraverso la descrizione dell'assetto altimetrico e le forme del paesaggio. L'area di studio presenta una morfologia insospettatamente varia; essa è il risultato, essenzialmente, dell’evoluzione paleoidrografica del F. Po, dei suoi affluenti alpini (Oglio e Mincio) ed appenninici (Enza e Crostolo) e dell'attività dell'uomo.

Castaldini, D.; Gentili, B.; Materazzi, M.; Pambianchi, G. ( 2003 ) - Proceedings Workshop on “Geomorphological sensitivity and system response”. - Proceedings Workshop on Geomorphological sensitivity and system response - Arte Lito, Camerino Macerata ITA) - pp. da 1 a 175 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The volume contains 14 articles, 7 abstracts and the guides to the excursions in the Marche Region and in the Modena Apennines

D. CASTALDINI ( 2003 ) - Stato dell’arte delle nuove ricerche di neotettonica nell’Italia nord-orientale - Risposta dei processi geomorfologici alle variazioni ambientali - Glauco Brigati GENOVA ITA) - pp. da 135 a 162 ISBN: 0000000000 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

RIASSUNTO: La presente nota passa in rassegna le ricerche di neotettonica, in generale, e di morfoneotettonica, in particolare, condotte nell'Italia nord-orientale dopo il seminario "Giornate di studio sulla Morfotettonica in Italia", svoltosi nel gennaio 1988 (Federici, 1988) fino all'anno 2000. Nella prima parte, la rassegna segue un ordine cronologico annuale a partire appunto dal seminario suddetto. Nella sintesi dei risultati conseguiti dalle ricerche sono illustrati le riunioni scientifiche, i libri di testo e le riviste scientifiche dei lavori pubblicati, le metodologie di studio, la scala e l'ubicazione geografica delle aree di studio riguardanti la neotettonica. Nelle considerazioni finali da un lato vengono analizzati gli aspetti significativi e dall'altro le osservazioni critiche relative alle ricerche pubblicate. La rassegna in oggetto, tra l'altro, rappresenta un recente aggiornamento bibliografico per chi opera nel settore della neotettonica nell'Italia nord-orientale. ABSTRACT: This paper examine the research on neotectonics, in general, and on morphoneotectonics, in particular, which have been carried out in north-eastern Italy after the meeting "The morphotectonics in Italy", held on january 1988 (Federici, 1988), up to the year 2000. In the first part, the review follows a chronological order year by year starting from this meeting. In the synthesis of the research results, the scientific meetings, the textbooks and the scientific journals of printed papers, the study methodologies, the scale and the geographical location of neotectonic studies are illustrated. In the conclusion the most important aspects as well as the critical points to the neotectonic research pubblished in the last thirteen years are analysed. This review represents also a recent bibliographical up-date for the researchers in the field of neotectonics in north-eastern Italy.

Castaldini D.; Barbieri M.; D’Amato-Avanzi G.; Giannecchini R.; Mandrone G.; Pellegrini M.; Perego S.; Pochini A.; Puccinelli A.; Romeo R.W.; Tellini C.; Tosatti G. ( 2003 ) - The triggering factors in landslides induced by earthquakes in the Northern Apennines, Italy - Volume of Abstracts - IAG – Regional Geomorphology Conference Città del Messico MEX) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 92 a 92 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Several cases of earthquake-related landslides occurring in the Northern Apennines (Italy) have been studied. A detailed analysis of all predisposing and triggering causes of mass wasting processes were taken into account, assessing the real importance of seismic shocks in the reactivation of landslide bodies.

D. CASTALDINI; BARBIERI M; BETTELLI G; CAPITANI M; PANIZZA M ( 2002 ) - A methodology for medium-scale seismic susceptibility maps: an example from the Modena Apennines (northern Italy) - C.N.R. Centro di studi di Geologia tecnica ) - IL QUATERNARIO - n. volume 15 (2) - pp. da 225 a 245 ISSN: 0394-3356 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper describes a methodology for the implementation of medium-scale (1:50,000 scale) seismic susceptibility maps for assessingseismic hazard in territorial planning. It illustrates the research carried out in the Modena and Reggio Emilia Provinces with an examplein the Modena mid-Apennines (area between Zocca and Rocca Malatina).The research, supported by bibliographical investigations on Quaternary active faults and on earthquake-induced surface effects, wasorganised according to the following studies: 1) Study of the geological characteristics. Elaboration of “Geological maps”. 2) Study ofthe litho-technical characteristics for the identification of the areas which may show homogeneous litho-technical behaviour in theoccurrence of earthquakes. Elaboration of “Litho-technical maps” and of “Simplified litho-technical maps” 3) Study of geomorphologicalcharacteristics for the determination of geomorphological situations which may give local responses by causing relative amplification ofseismic waves and/or earthquake-induced instability. Elaboration of “Geomorphological maps” and of “Simplified geomorphologicalmaps”; 4) Study of seismic susceptibility characteristics for the identification of the areas prone to seismic amplification and/or earthquake-induced instability on the basis of previous data. Elaboration of “maps of seismic susceptibility”. In these maps, the litho-technicalfeatures potentially causing amplification are shown with zones classified from 1 to 5 according to the increase of amplification (amplificationfrom Low to High); the morphological features causing amplifications (scarps higher than 20 m, narrow and long ridges) areshown with linear symbols. The features causing earthquake-induced instability are shown with zones indicated with letters from A to Daccording to the following classes of instability: A) stable areas and intermediate stability areas; B) potentially unstable areas with possibleproblems regarding the bearing capacity of soils; C) potentially unstable areas prone to mass movements; D) unstable areas proneto mass movements. The Quaternary faults are also shown in the map. Therefore, in the maps of seismic susceptibility the classes ofsusceptibility can be shown as zones with an alphanumeric code defined through the combination of numbers, from 1 to 5, and letters,from A to D (or with different areal symbols or different corresponding colours).The collected information was stored by means of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The procedures for the implementation ofthe “Maps of seismic susceptibility” were obtained by means of GIS operations starting from the geological map, geomorphological mapand the data base of the inventories of Quaternary active faults and earthquake-induced surface effects. These maps give a sufficientlydetailed picture of seismic hazard and susceptibility in the study area and can be easily consulted and understood by technicians fromadministration boards. The research herein described is qualitative and not quantitative and therefore, considering also the scale adopted,it can be considered as a grade 1 zonation (cf. TC4, 1999).

D. CASTALDINI; M. BARBIERI; G. BETTELLI; M. CAPITANI; M. PANIZZA ( 2002 ) - Geological and geomorphological data set for seismic susceptibility maps of Modena and Reggio Emilia Provinces (Northern Italy) - Geomorphology: from expert opinion to modelling. Proceedings of the Symposium - CERG Editions Strasbourg FRA) - pp. da 291 a 296 ISBN: 9782951831704 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This paper illustrates the documents necessary for the implementation of medium-scale (1:50,000 scale) seismic susceptibility maps for assessing seismic hazard in territorial planning. It describes the research carried out in the Modena and Reggio Emilia Provinces with an example in the Modena mid-Apennines.

D. CASTALDINI; BARBIERI M.; BETTELLI G.; CAPITANI M.; PANIZZA M. ( 2002 ) - Geological and geomorphological studies in seismic hazard assessment for territorial planning - Natural hazards on built-up areas. - CERG Editions Strasbourg FRA) - pp. da 31 a 34 ISBN: 0000000000 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

This paper proposes a methodology of geological and geomorphological studies for assessing seismic hazard in territorial planning. In particular, it illustrates the research in progress in the Provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia (northern Italy) with a case study in the Modena Apennines (the Pavullo nel Frignano area, which was the epicentre of the latest and strongest earthquake affecting the study area). The research is organised according to the following studies at different scales: 1) Research on geological, structural, neotectonic, seismological and seismotectonic characteristics, 2) Historical and bibliographic research on earthquake-induced surface effects, 3) Study of geological characteristics, 2) Study of litho-technical characteristics, 5) Study of geomorphological characteristics, 6) Study of seismic susceptibility characteristics

D. CASTALDINI; P. CORATZA; M. IOTTI ( 2002 ) - The lakes of the high Emilia-Romagna Apennines (northern Italy): a preliminary review of their geomorphological characteristics. - ANALELE UNIVERSITăţII DIN ORADEA. FASCICULA GEOGRAFIE - n. volume 12 - pp. da 19 a 29 ISSN: 1221-1273 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper describes preliminarily the main geomorphological characteristics of the lakes of the high Emilia-Romagna Apennines. The term “lake” is attributed to those features of the landscape indicated by this name in bibliographic references, whereas the term “high” refers to the Apennine sector above the altitude of 1000 m a.s.l.The illustrated data are taken from an inventory of the lakes which was prepared through a detailed bibliographic research on single lakes, the compilation of lake data sheets and elaboration of a Map of the Lakes. For each lake the data sheets contain the name, geographic location, dimensions, presence of an influent and effluent, origin, summarised description from literature, state of conservation, bibliography and explanatory notes if present. In the Map of the Lakes the various lakes were numbered and represented according to their origin. In total, 118 lakes were inventoried and analysed on the basis of their main characteristics. From this analysis, it comes out that most lakes (95% circa) are located west of the R. Reno basin. As for altitude, the highest percentage of lakes (20% circa) is located in the altimetric belt ranging from 1300 to 1400 m. Most of the lakes have an area lower than 1 ha. As for their origin (which in 12% of the cases is not indicated in bibliography), the most common genesis (about 65%) is due to glacial processes and, secondarily, landslide processes (about 17%). In particular, glacial lakes are exclusively found west of the R. Reno catchment basin. This is related to the fact that during the last glacial period the glaciers of the northern Apennines were located exclusively west of the R. Reno basin. By considering the state of conservation, it results that 102 lakes (86.5%) are existent (with 75 permanent and 27 temporary) whereas 16 are extinct (13.5%). The data relative to active lakes (location within their catchment basins, distribution according to altitude, area and origin) are consistent with all general data. Nevertheless, the detailed analysis of extinct lakes emphasises that their disappearance affected mainly the basin of the R. Secchia, those ranging between 1000 and 1400 m a.s.l., those with a surface less than 1 hectare and glacial lakes.

A. Astori; D. Castaldini; P. Burrato; G. Valensise ( 2002 ) - Where the Alps meet the Apennines. Active tectonic and seismicity of the central Po Plain. - SAFE (Slow Active Faults in Europe). Semester meeting, Mantova, 20-23 sept. 2002, Guide to excursion - pp. da 1 a 41 ISSN: - [Altro (298) - Altro]
Abstract

The E.C. project SAFE was planned and designed for identifying active faults in Western Europe, where a moderate-size but still damaging seismicity is expected. In most of these areas the seismic risk is comparatively larger than the hazard because of the high density of population and infrastructures. This is certainly the case with the Po Plain, the target region of SAFE for Italy. The project aims at developing homogeneous diagnostic criteria by comparing areas with similar characteristics in different countries, exploiting methodologies already developed for solving specific problems, developing innovative strategies and tools. One of the most significant challenges is to derive tectonic and seismological information from the analysis and analytical modelling of topography and landforms in areas characterised by blind or subdued faulting, such as the Po Plain. This field guide summarises the knowledge basis upon which rest all of the ongoing analyses and modelling efforts. It also highlights many interesting aspects of the recent evolution of the Po Plain, some of which still await a better understanding.

M. ELMI; M. BONDESAN; D. CASTALDINI; M. GHIROTTI ( 2001 ) - Aspetti geomorfologici di carattere ambientale - Geomorphological aspects, with environmental implications - Comitato glaciologico italiano ) - SUPPLEMENTI DI GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume IV - pp. da 149 a 164 ISSN: 1724-4757 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This chapter treats some applicational aspects with particular emphasis on geomorphological hazards due to both natural processes and human activities. The former essentially regard seismicity, subsidence, and fluvial and marine processes. Risks due to anthropic activities are mainly linked to urban expansion, operations on watercourses and coastlines, quarrying, pumping of groundwaters, and exploitation of hydrocarbon deposits.

M. Marchetti; M. Bondesan; D. Castaldini; M. Cremaschi; G. Gasperi; M. Motta; C. Tellini; L. Trombino ( 2001 ) - Forme e depositi fluviali, fluvioglaciali, lacustri - Fluvial, fluvioglacial and lacustrine forms and deposits. - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume supplemento IV - pp. da 73 a 104 ISSN: 0391-9838 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Riassunto In questo capitolo vengono illustrati le fome e i depositi fluviali, fluvioglaciali e lacustri rappresentati nella Carta Geomorfologica della Pianura Padana. Abstract This chapter illustrates the fluvial, fluvioglacial and lacustrine forms and deposits shown on the Geomorphological Map of the Po Plain.

G. MARCHETTI;L. PELLEGRINI; M. BONDESAN; D. CASTALDINI; G.B. CASTIGLIONI; C. TELLINI ( 2001 ) - Forme legate a interventi antropici - Forms connected to anthropic activities. - Comitato glaciologico italiano ) - SUPPLEMENTI DI GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume IV - pp. da 123 a 139 ISSN: 1724-4757 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The morphological actions of man cover a very wide field. In this article they are subdivided in: a) ancient and recent transformations in agricultural land; b) quarries and strip mining and landfills; c) areas reclaimed by fluvial fills or hydraulic pumping stations; d) works involving the fluvial system; e) artificial canals; f) artificial works along the coast; g) urbanized areas.

D. CASTALDINI ( 2001 ) - Geomorfologia del territorio delle valli e dei dossi - Le valli e dei dossi e delle acque - Comuni di Mirandola e San Felice sul Panaro Mirandola e San Felice sul Panaro ITA) - pp. da 11 a 32 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il capitolo illustra la geomorfologia del territorio della bassa pianura modenese attraverso la descrizione delle modalità di formazione della bassa pianura, l'evoluzione paleoidrografica della pianura modenese e le caratteristiche geomorfologiche dell'area di studio (depositi superficiali, assetto altimetrico, forme del paesaggio, punti di interesse geomorfologico)

Baraldi F.; Castaldini D.; Marchetti M. ( 2001 ) - Geomorphological impact assessment in the River Mincio plain (Province of Mantova, Northern Italy) - Geomorphology and Environmental Impact Assessment - A.A. Balkema Publishers L Rotterdam NLD) - pp. da 7 a 30 ISBN: 9789058093448 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

This study deals with the changes in the landscape caused by human activity in the past 40 years in the sector of the River Mincio plain located between the morainic hills of Lake Garda to the north and the Mantova lakes to the south.The study includes the analysis of topographical maps and of aerial photographs taken in different years, and the compilation of geomorphological maps referring to the landscape features in 1995 and in 1955.The plain sector considered has been subjected to intense quarrying activities since the beginning of this century. The open quarries are classified as quarries exploited above the water table and trench quarries exploited below the water table. When no longer in use, the first-type quarries are reclaimed for farming after laying a pedogenised level of organic soil on their floor; the second-type quarries are abandoned or equipped for recreational fishing or in some cases used as occasional dumping sites. All these quarrying activities have caused significant landscape changes. Another aspect of human activities during the past decades concerns the construction of important artificial canals which, besides modifying the natural flow of both surface and sub-surface waters, have altered the natural morphological features of the areas affected.Urban development has also been responsible for important modifications in the landscape, especially in the vicinity of the main built-up areas.In this research a simple methodology for the assessment of the scientific quality of landforms was applied. The impact on the landscape is defined as the reduction in scientific quality due to the assessment of the deterioration produced by human activity .The study has shown that among the main human activities the most serious damage to the landscape has been caused by quarrying. The greatest impact, with over 50% loss of quality of the geomorphological assets, has occurred between Goito and Rivalta.

Castaldini D.; D'Amato-Avanzi G.; Mandrone G.; Panizza M.; Pellegrini M.; Puccinelli A.; Tellini C.; Tosatti G.; Barbieri M. ( 2001 ) - Historical Landslides Reactivated by Earthquake in the NW Apennines (northern Italy) - Abstracts of Conference Papers - Transactions, Japanese Geomorphological Union Tokyo JPN) - n. volume 22 (4) [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The results of a multidisciplinary research on historical landslides reactivated by earthquakes in the NW Apennines (Italy) are discussed. Investigations have led to the collection of 12 landslides reactivated by seismic shocks ranging from 3.3 to 6.5 magnitude. The rock-types involved are weak rocks, lithologically and/or structurally complex (flysch, clay shale and debris). In the study cases, earthquakes are considered as a triggering cause of reactivation of landslides controlled by rainfall.

M. BONDESAN; D. CASTALDINI ( 2001 ) - Idrografia - Hydrography - Comitato glaciologico italiano ) - SUPPLEMENTI DI GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume IV - pp. da 33 a 44 ISSN: 1724-4757 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The chaper describe the hidrography of the Po Plain which is subdivided in: a) sea and lagoon coastlines; b) river network; c) hydrological lineaments; d) riverbeds; e) karstic sources and plain springs.

Panizza M.; Barbieri M.; Bertens J.; Bonachea J.; Castaldini D.; Corsini A.; Giusti C.; Gonzalez-Diez A.; Marchetti M. ( 2001 ) - Procedura per la Valutazione d'Impatto Ambientale (VIA) del Tracciato ad Alta Velocità nel comune di Castelfranco Emilia e aree limitrofe ((Provincia di Modena, Italia) - STUDI TRENTINI DI SCIENZE NATURALI. ACTA GEOLOGICA - n. volume 78 - pp. da 91 a 94 ISSN: 0392-0534 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper is about a procedure that has been developed for the assessment of geomorphological impacts and risks related to the construction of an High Speed Railway track. The method fits into general Multi-Criteria Analysis procedures and it is based on the use of GIS to store, elaborate and manage maps making up the basic components of impact and risk matrices

Castaldini D.; Barbieri M.; Bettelli G.; Capitani M.; Panizza M. ( 2000 ) - Geological and geomorphological studies in seismic hazard assessment for territorial planning. - pp. da 1 a 53 ISSN: - [Altro (298) - Altro]
Abstract

This paper proposes a methodology of geological and geomorphological studies for assessing seismic hazard in territorial planning. In particular, it illustrates the research in progress in the Provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia (northern Italy) with a case study in the Modena Apennines (the Pavullo nel Frignano area, which was the epicentre of the latest and strongest earthquake affecting the study area). The research is carrying out by means of a collaboration between the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and the administration boards of the Provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Moreover, it is part of the scientific activities of the CERG (European Centre on Geomorphological Hazards of Strasbourg, France). The territory of the Modena and Reggio Emilia Provinces has an overall surface of about 5,500 km2; the southern sector belongs to the Northern Apennines whereas the northern sector belongs to the Po Plain. The research is organised according to the following studies at different scales: (A) Small-scale studies 1) Research on geological, structural, neotectonic, seismological and seismotectonic characteristics. Elaboration of the following documents: 1a) geological-structural map (scale 1:100,000); 1 b) tectonic sketch with location of seismic epicentres (scale 1:100,000); 1c) map of seismic epicentres (scale 1:100,000); 1d) geological sections with location of seismic epicentres; 1e) list of earthquakes in the Modena and Reggio Emilia Provinces and surrounding areas; 1f) map of the Quaternary active faults (scale 1:100,000); 1g) data base of the Quaternary active fault inventory. 2) Historical and bibliographic research on earthquake-induced surface effects. Elaboration of the following documents: 2a) map of earthquake-induced surface effects (scale 1:100,000); 2b) data base of earthquake-induced surface effects inventory. (b) Medium-scale studies: 1) Study of geological characteristics: identification of the geological setting of the study area. Elaboration of geological map (scale 1:50,000). 2) Study of lithological-structural characteristics:: the units making up the geological structure of the study area have been described and assembled on a lithological-structural basis, taking into account the parameters concerning composition, degree of cementation, type of stratification and state of the joints. Elaboration of “Litho-structural map” and of “Simplified litho-structural map aimed to seismic susceptibility” (mapping of the areas which may show homogeneous lithological-structural behaviour in concomitance with seismic shocks) (scale 1:50,000). 3) Study of geomorphological characteristics: identification of the geomorphological setting of the study area for the determination of geomorphological situations which may give local responses to seismic acceleration (by causing either attenuation or amplification) and earthquake-induced instability. Elaboration of “Geomorphological map” and of “Simplified geomorphological map aimed to seismic susceptibility” (scale 1:50,000). 4) Study of seismic susceptibility characteristics: identification of the areas prone to seismic amplification (morphological and/or litho-structural features causing amplification) and earthquake-induced instability (unstable area, area proneness to instability for morphological and/or litho-structural features) on the basis of previous data elaborated at small and medium scale. Elaboration of “Map of the areas prone to seismic amplification and earthquake-induced instability” (scale 1:50,000). The collected information has been retrieved in order to be used by means of Geographic Information System (GIS). The “Map of the areas prone to seismic amplification and earthquake-induced instability” will give a sufficiently detailed picture of seismic hazard and susceptibility in the study area. This map can be easily consulted and understood also by the technicians of the administration boards, who

Barbieri, M.; Bertens, J.; Castaldini, D.; Giusti, C.; Gonzalez-Diez, A.; Marchetti, M.; Panizza, M. ( 2000 ) - Integrated GIS data set and 3d analysis for environmental impact assessment in the Castelfranco Emilia area (Modena Province, Northern Italy). - International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing - n. volume XXXIII, Part B7 - pp. da 821 a 828 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

In this work is presented a database sets in order in order to analyse an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Geographical Information System (GIS), Geomorphology, Castelfranco Emilia, Modena Province

BERTENS, J.; CASTALDINI, D.; GIUSTI, C.; MARCHETTI, M.; BARBIERI, M.; BONACHEA, J.; ( 2000 ) - Study of flood hazard in the Castelfranco Emilia area (Modena Province, Northern Italy) - International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing - Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Amsterdam NLD) - n. volume XXXIII, Part B7/1 - pp. da 228 a 235 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The Castelfranco Emilia area is located in the Po Plain. The Panaro River have periodically caused flooding in the studyarea. The more recent floods took place between 1966 and 1973 (3 events).In order to reduce flood hazards, several meander cuts were carried out along the river. As these interventions resultedto be ineffective, a flow-regulation system was constructed west of Castelfranco Emilia. It consists of a regulating dambuilt across the riverbed and a storage basin bordered by embankments. This structure is operating since 1985 but wasfinished in 1999: no flooding events have occurred since it is in operation.The paper illustrates some aspects of flood hazard induced by the Panaro River, related to the construction of a highvelocity railway in the study area, a tract of the connection between Milano and Bologna.The relationship between precipitation data and the occurrence of a number of flooding events is studied, in order toestablish whether or not a significant relationship between the two can be identified. Furthermore, a distributed dynamichydrological model is constructed for simulation of the spatial and temporal proceedings of a flood event.On the basis of merely precipitation no predictions can be made with respect to the occurrence of a flood event. Theinclusion of alternative routes for the proposed railway allows for the evaluation and comparison of the spatial effects ofa flood event. Critical points in the model are calibration and the calculation of soil saturation prior to the event.

Bertacchini M.; Bettelli G.; Bonazzi U.; Capedri S.; Capitani M.; Castaldini D.; Conti S.; Corradini D.; Fioroni C.; Fontana D.; Fregni P.; Gasperi G.; Giusti C.; Lugli S.; Marchetti M.; Panini F.; Panizza M.; Pellegrini M.; Piacente S.; Rossi A.; Soldati M.; Tosatti G. ( 1999 ) - I Beni Geologici della Provincia di Modena - Artioli Editore MODENA ITA) - pp. da 1 a 104 ISBN: 9788877920638 ISSN: - [Monografia o trattato scientifico (276) - Monografia/Trattato scientifico]
Abstract

Sono presentati, sotto forma di schede, i beni geologici (o geositi) censiti nella Provincia di Modena. Le schede sono state aggregate in cinque paragrafi: Beni geomorfologici, Fluidi sotterranei, Esposizioni di valore stratigrafico e strutture sedimentarie, Esposizioni di strutture tettoniche, Ofioliti. Si è cercato di privilegiare da un lato una guida scientifica alla geologia della Provincia e dall'altro di segnalare un alto numero di siti allo scopo di salvaguardare il più possibile l'ambiente modenese, caratterizzato, in molte sue parti, da un'intensa e continua antropizzazione.

Castaldini D; Genevois R; Panizza M; Puccinelli A; Berti M; Simoni A ( 1998 ) - An integrated approach for analysing earthquake-induced surface effects: A case study from the Northern Apennines, Italy - JOURNAL OF GEODYNAMICS - n. volume 26 - pp. da 413 a 441 ISSN: 0264-3707 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This paper illustrates research addressing the subject of the earthquake-induced surface effects by means of a multidisciplinary approach: tectonics, neotectonics, seismology, geology, hydrogeology, geomorphology, soil/rock mechanics have been considered. The research is aimed to verify in areas affected by earthquake-triggered landslides a methodology for the identification of potentially unstable areas. The research was organized according to regional and local scale studies. In order to better emphasise the complexity of the relationships between all the parameters affecting the stability conditions of rock slopes in static and dynamic conditions a new integrated approach, Rock Engineering Systems (RES), was applied in the Northern Apennines. In the paper, the different phases of the research are described in detail and an example of the application of RES method in a sample area is reported. A significant aspect of the study can be seen in its attempt to overcome the exclusively qualitative aspects of research into the relationship between earthquakes and induced surface effects, and to advance the idea of beginning a process by which this interaction can be quantified. (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bernagozzi G.; Bertacchini M.; Berti M.; Bettelli G.; Bollettinari G.; Castaldini D.; Cuzzani M.G.; Genevois R.; Gibertini M.; Meletti C.; Panini F.; Panizza M.; Pellegrini M.; Simoni A.; Tosatti G.; Zucchi M. ( 1998 ) - An integrated approach for analysing earthquake-induced surface effects: a case study in the Montese area (Province of Modena, Northern Apennines, Italy) - An integrated approach for analysing earthquake-induced surface effects - CERG – Council of Europe Strasburgo FRA) - n. volume 3 - pp. da 1 a 68 ISBN: 9780000000002 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

This paper describes the “I Lazzari di Maserno” landslide (Northern Apennines, Italy) which resumed its activity on 1st January 1996, following a 3.3 magnitude seismic shock that struck a vast sector of the north-western Apennines. The area is geologically characterised by clastic rock types belonging to Ligurian and epi-Ligurian Units. The landslide is ascribable to a slow, intermittent movement taking place along rotational and rotational-translational surfaces of rupture, accompanied by earth flows in the most superficial portion. During 1996 and in the following years several subsurface investigations and instrumental surveys were carried out; they allowed detailed knowledge of the geometrical, mechanical and kinematic characteristics of the landslide body to be obtained. In particular, the levels of soil subject to load decrease and the depth of the slip surfaces were identified and the mechanisms of rupture were reconstructed.

Castaldini D.; Caredio F.; Puccinelli A. ( 1998 ) - Geomorfologia delle valli del Rio delle Pozze e del Torrente Motte (Abetone, Appennino Tosco-Emiliano). - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 21 - pp. da 177 a 204 ISSN: 1724-4781 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

An accurate knowledge of present and past geomorphological processes in an area of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines near Abetone was achieved in this study, also by elaborating a geomorphological map at a 1:10,000 scale. In this territory, prevalently characterised by arenaceous rock types and, secondarily, by argillaceous and silty ones, the landforms listed below were recognised.- Structural landforms: the most evident are located near the mountain crest, where the slope face corresponds to the stratum surface of the Macigno Sandstones and where there are structural scarps more than 30 m high.- Glacial landforms and deposits: they include cirques, overdeepened hollows, roches moutonnées and moraine ridges.- Cryogenic and nivation landforms and deposits: among these, block fields, nivation hollows, avalanche tracks and cones, protalus ramparts, block streams and gelifluction deposits should be mentioned.- Gravity-induced slope landforms and processes: besides the presence of particularly developed scree slopes, various types of mass movements have been recognised, such as earthflows, falls and topples, translational slides, rotational and roto-translational slides, as well as deep-seated gravitational slope deformations (Dgsd), the latter characterised by a dominant structural control (NW-SE and SW-NE oriented faults).- Landforms, processes and deposits due to running waters: slopes affected by rill wash, colluvial and alluvial fans, related to concentrated running waters, are present together with swampy deposits filling small structural depressions; moreover, two orders of alluvial terraces, badland forms, debris flows and small waterfalls have been surveyed. Since the hydrographic network is in a deepening stage, present alluvial deposits are found only upstream of the numerous wiers that dam the courses of the Pozze and Motte torrents.- Anthropogenetic landforms and deposits: among Man's activities which modify the landscape, the construction of large parking areas and ski pistes should be mentioned; these kinds of activities have produced slope cuts and filling of some small swampy areas.The data acquired allowed geomorphological events to be reconstructed starting from late Upper Pleistocene. In particular, in this sector of the Northern Apennines glacial traces ascribable only to the glaciation known in the Alps as Würm III were found. An attempt to reconstruct a relative chronology of the stadial phases was also carried out, thus identifying forms related to Apennines Stage I, which was characterised by two distinct stages with snow limits respectively of 1,611 and 1,663 m a.s.l., and Apennines Stage II, also characterised by two phases with a snow limit ranging between 1,770 and 1,836 m. Apennines Stage III did not leave any trace since, according to the previous authors, its permanent snow limit would be found at heights superior to those of the Apennine peaks of this area.In general, the action of the various morphogenetic agents in the evolutive history of these valleys was strictly conditioned by the structural characteristics of the area.

Panizza M.; Bernagozzi G.; Bertacchini M.; Berti M.; Bettelli G.; Bollettinari G.; Castaldini D.; Conti S.; Cuzzani M.G.; Elmi C.; Gasperi G.; Genevois R.; Ghirotti M.; Gibertini M.; Panini F.; Pellegrini M.; Santangelo R.; Simoni A.; Tosatti G.; Zucchi M. ( 1997 ) - Analysis of earthquake-induced surface effects in the Modena province: first approach in the area of Montese (Northern Apennines, Italy) - Abstracts of Conference - Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria Torino ITA) - n. volume Suppl. Geogr. Fis. Din. Quat., 3 (1) - 65 - pp. da 301 a 302 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This paper describes the “I Lazzari di Maserno” landslide (Northern Apennines) which resumed its activity on 1st January 1996, following a 3.3 magnitude seismic shock that struck a vast sector of the north-western Apennines. The area is geologically characterised by clastic rock types belonging to Ligurian and epi-Ligurian Units. The landslide is ascribable to a slow, intermittent movement taking place along rotational and rotational-translational surfaces of rupture, accompanied by earth flows in the most superficial portion. During 1996 and in the following years several subsurface investigations and instrumental surveys were carried out; they allowed detailed knowledge of the geometrical, mechanical and kinematic characteristics of the landslide body to be obtained. In particular, the levels of soil subject to load decrease and the depth of the slip surfaces were identified and the mechanisms of rupture were reconstructed.

Castiglioni, G.B.; Ajassa, R.; Baroni, C.; Biancotti, A.; Bondesan, A.; Bondesan, M.; Brancucci, G.; Castaldini, D.; Castellaccio, E.; Cavallin, A.; Cortemiglia, F.; Cortemiglia, G.C.; Cremaschi, M.; Da, ROLD O.; Elmi, C.; Favero, V.; Ferri, R.; Gandini, F.; Gasperi, G.; Giorgi, G.; Marchetti, G.; Marchetti, M.; Marocco, R.; Meneghel, M.; Motta, M.; Nesci, O.; Orombelli, G.; Paronuzzi, P.; Pellegrini, G.B.; Pellegrini, L.; Rigoni, A.; Sommaruga, M.; Sorbini, L.; Tellini, C.; Turrini, M.C.; Vaia, F.; Vercesi, P.L.; Zecchi, R.; Zorzin, R ( 1997 ) - Carta altimetrica e dei movimenti verticali del suolo della Pianura Padana a scala 1:250.000 [Cartografia (294) - Cartografia]
Abstract

La carta rappresenta, in 3 fogli a scala 1.250.000, l'altimetria della Pianura Padana tramite isoipse a varia equidistanza (50m, 10 m, 5 m e 2 m). Sono inoltre rappresentati i movimenti verticali del suolo lungo alcune linee di livellazione I.G.M.

Baraldi F.; Castaldini D.; Marchetti M. ( 1997 ) - Geomorphological Impact Assessment in the River Mincio Plain (Province of Mantua, Northern Italy). - Abstracts IV Int. Conf. on Geomorphology. - Brigati Glauco Genova ITA) - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume Suppl. Geogr. Fis. Din. Quat., 3 (1) - pp. da 65 a 65 ISBN: 9058093441 ISSN: 0391-9838 [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The research takes into account the landscape modifications induced by man's activity in the past 40 years in the sector of the River Mincio plain located between the Pleistocene morainic hills of Lake Garda to the north and the Mantua lakes to the south. From the geomorphological standpoint the study area is comprised within a stretch of territory made up of the outwash plain deposited by the paleocourse of the River Mincio and the wide triangle-shaped depression cut by the Mincio itself, north of the city of Mantua. The morphological setting within this depression is characterised by several scarps of varying height, mainly developed in a N-S direction, which form various orders of terraces. The study includes a detailed bibliographical research, the examination of maps and of aerial photographs taken in different years and a morphological survey carried out in the present day. The plain sector considered has been subjected to intense quarrying activities since the beginning of this century, because the outcropping sediments have good characteristics as building materials. Indeed, the outwash plain and the terraces inside the Mincio erosional depression are mainly made up of rounded coarse gravels. From a petrographic viewpoint, carbonatic, magmatic and metamorphic rocks are present in various percentages. On the contrary, in the present R. Mincio alluvial plain sandy sediments with a dominant carbonatic component are found, which are the most recent deposits. The open quarries are classified as trench quarries exploited above the water table and trench quarries exploited below the water table. The first-type quarries are excavated only up to a depth of a few metres below the original ground surface and, in any case, up to about 1 m above the maximum level of the water table. When no longer in use, these quarries are reclaimed for farming after the laying of a pedogenised level of organic soil on their floor. The second-type quarries can reach a depth of up to 20 m and when no longer in use are abandoned or in some cases used as occasional dumping sites or equipped for recreational fishing. All these quarrying activities have caused relevant landscape changes. The trench quarries above the water table appear as large, deep rectangular holes, which impress an "artificial" look on the area affected; also the trench quarries below the water table have formed several small ponds which are extremely different in shape from natural bodies of water (moreover, the interception at ground level of the most superficial aquifer causes potential pollution hazards owing to the possible uncontrolled inflow of waste materials). More in general, quarrying activities have implied the partial or total obliteration of relict fluvial landforms, such as terraces and paleo-riverbeds. The reclamation of the quarrying areas implies their restitution to farming practices, according to management criteria based on the safeguard of natural assets and landscape values. Another aspect of man's activities during the past decades concerns the construction of important artificial canals (Scaricatore Pozzolo-Mincio and Diversivo Mincio) which, besides modifying the natural flow of both surface and sub-surface waters, have altered the natural morphological features of the areas affected. In this research a simple methodology for the assessment of the scientific quality of landforms was applied. According to this model, the scientific quality for each element of the landforms is given by the product of their intrinsic scientific value and their condition of preservation. The impact on the landscape is defined as the reduction in scientific quality due to the assessment of the degree of damage produced by man's activity in the past 40 years.

Castaldini D. ( 1996 ) - Earthquake - triggered mass movements. - Environmental Geomorphology - Elsevier Science B.V. amsterdam NLD) - n. volume Developments in Earth Surface Processes 4 - pp. da 180 a 187 ISBN: 0444898301 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Earthquakes are considered to be a major triggering cause of mass movements in many geological materials. One of the first earthquake-triggered landslide was documented as early as 372-373 B.C. when Helice, a Greek city on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, slid into the sea after having been razed to the ground. Many other examples occurred in historical times . In this chapter worldwide examples of earthquake - triggered mass movements are described. More in detail, examples in Italy and the study methodologies in Italy are illustrated. The real causes of earthquake-triggered mass movements are not completely understood. Nevertheless, according to existing studies and taking into account the research experience in Italy, some final remarks are expressed.

Castaldini D. ( 1996 ) - Geomorfologia dell’Oltrepò Mantovano. - Scritti in onore di Rodolfo Gelmini - Mucchi Editore 1993- Modena, Italy ITA) - n. volume 115 - pp. da 55 a 93 ISBN: 0000000000 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

Il lavoro, illustra le caratteristiche geomorfologiche di dettaglio dell'Oltrepo' mantovano. La metodologia di studio è la stessa applicata in altre aree della Pianura Padana. Attraverso la ricerca bibliografica è stata ricostruita l'evoluzione paleoidrografica del settore centropadano a Sud del Po a partire dall'età del Bronzo che ha evidenziato come un quadro idrografico simile all'attuale sia stato raggiunto solo nel basso Medioevo. Per la definizione dell'altimetria del territorio studiato è stata elaborata una "Carta del microrilievo" ossia una carta altimetrica con equidistanza di 1 m. Dall'analisi dell'assetto altimetrico l'area di studio mostra un' inclinazione da Ovest verso Est con un asse di depressione altimetrica corrispondente approssimativamente al limite sud-orientale del territorio. Nell'ambito di questo assetto altimetrico generale risultano evidenti dossi di pertinenza fluviale ed aree depresse, ad essi interposte, corrispondenti a zone di esondazione. I dati altimetrici delle aree golenali del Po e del Secchia e del piano campagna circostante evidenziano una situazione di pensilità anche dei fiumi attuali. Lo studio dei depositi superficiali è stato eseguito sulla base di un esame diretto di oltre un migliaio di campioni prelevati immediatamente al di sotto dello strato interessato dalla pedogenesi e rimaneggiato dalle pratiche agricole. Al fine di avere una taratura delle operazioni di classificazione svolte direttamente in campagna, sono state anche eseguite delle analisi di laboratorio. Il risultato finale di questo studio è consistito nella elaborazione di una “Carta della litologia di superficie” in cui è rappresentata la distribuzione dei vari litotipi superficiali distinti in: a) depositi prevalentemente sabbiosi, legati a diverse tipologie (depositi sabbiosi di dossi fluviali, di paleoalvei sepolti, di ventagli di esondazione e perifluviali); b) depositi prevalentemente limosi, dominanti nel settore in sinistra Secchia e generalmente distribuiti in fasce allungate lateralmente ai principali paleoalvei; c) depositi prevalentemente argillosi che affiorano in modo praticamente uniforme nell’area orientale. Le ricerche precedentemente descritte, oltre all’analisi fotogeomorfologica e al rilevamento sul terreno, sono state concretizzate nella "Carta geomorfologica" dove sono stati cartografati. i principali elementi dell'idrografia attuale (i tracciati del Po e del Secchia aggiornati secondo la CTR Lombardia., le loro aree golenali, i canali artificiali e gli specchi d'acqua), le forme fluviali (i paleoalvei a livello del piano campagna, i dossi fluviali, le principali deviazioni fluviali, i ventagli e i bacini di esondazione) e le forme legate ad interventi antropici (le cave con fondo asciutto e con fondo allagato e le aree urbanizzate). L’analisi dei vari elementi ha evidenziato alcune differenze tra i settori in destra e sinistra Secchia.

CAREDIO F.; CASTALDINI D.; PUCCINELLI A. ( 1996 ) - GRAVITATIONAL SLOPE DEFORMATIONS NEAR THE ABETONE PASS (TUSCAN-EMILIAN APENNINES - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 19 - pp. da 287 a 296 ISSN: 1724-4781 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

In this paper some Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformations (DGSDs), identified in the Rio delle Pozze valley near the Abetone Pass, are for the first time described. These deformations are developed in competent rock types (sandstone layers with argillite intercalations belonging to the Macigno Formation) and are characterised by a dominant structural control (NW-SE and SW-NE oriented faults). From the geomorphological viewpoint they show double ridges, trenches, concavities and reverse slopes. The DGSD typologies correspond to rock flows (Sackungen).On the eastern slope of Monte Gomito (located in the adjacent Torrente Motte valley) the same geomorphological features shown by the Rio delle Pozze valley DGSDs have been surveyed. These landforms, which were analysed with respect to the structural characteristics of the zone, are here considered as the surface expression of an incipient rock slide. It is therefore an example of “geomorphological convergence” within the framework of slope gravitational processes.

Baraldi F.; Boraldi V.; Castaldini D.; Paltrinieri N.; Spallacci P.; Zavatti A. ( 1996 ) - Vulnerabilità degli acquiferi all’inquinamento. Area morenica in provincia di Mantova. - Studi sulla vulnerabilità degli acquiferi: Area Morenica Mantovana - PITAGORA EDITRICE SRL Bologna ITA) - n. volume 12 - pp. da 1 a 41 ISBN: 8837108567 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

L'area morenica mantovana rappresenta un territorio con importanti risorse idriche esposte al degrado che puo' pregiudicarne l'utilizzo. Il lavoro si occupa, per quest'area, dello studio della vulnerabilità degli acquiferi all’inquinamento. Ne vengono esaminate le caratteristiche geologiche, geomorfologiche e idrochimiche da cui è derivata la vulnerabilità degli acquiferi rappresentata in una carta a scala 1:200.000.

CASTALDINI D.; PIACENTE S. ( 1995 ) - Channel Changes on the Po River , Mantova Province, Northern Italy - River Geomorphology - Wiley & Sons Ltd Chichester GBR) - pp. da 193 a 207 ISBN: 9780471955313 ISSN: - [Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio) (268) - Capitolo/Saggio]
Abstract

This research examines channel changes on the Po River in Northern Italy. The study is based on detailed bibliographic research, the examination of historical documents and maps, the interpretation of aerial photographs taken in different years and a morphological survey of the present river channel.From the Bronze Age to the Middle Ages, the Po River flowed within a meander belt about 20 km in breadth which migrated northward, partly influenced by tectonic movements of buried geological structures.Between the 16th and the 18th centuries, the course of the Po River was quite unlike its present course.From the 19th century to the 20th century, there was progressive narrowing of the low-water channel, a reduction of the sinuosity and length of the river.After the 1970s, the construction of bank protection structures markedly increased, obstructing river's natural evolution and causing further narrowing of the low-water river channel.It is concluded that the changes in the Po River channel observed during the 20th century are at least partially a consequence of river engineering.

Castaldini, D.; Panizza, M.; Slejko, D.; ( 1993 ) - Outline of the "Map of the Major Active Faults in the Holocene" between the Po and Piave Rivers and Lake Como (Northern ltaly) - Proceedings of scientific meeting on the sesmic protection - pp. da 108 a 113 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

This study consist in the compilation of a Map of the major active faults in the Holocene located in the sector between the Po and Piave rivers and lake Como and in a catalogue of the Faults that appear on the map.

PELLEGRINI G.B.; CARTON A.; CASTALDINI D.; CAVALLIN A.; D'ALESSANDRO L.; DRAMIS F.; GENTILI B.; LAURETI L.; PRESTININZI A.; RODOLFI G.; SAURO U.; SORRISO VALVO M.; SPAGNA V. ( 1993 ) - Proposta di legenda geomorfologica ad indirizzo applicativo - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 16 - pp. da 129 a 152 ISSN: 1724-4781 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The proposed legend for applied geomorphology aims to unify the various methods of cartographic representation of natural and anthropic phenomena for a correct hazard assessment related to the morphogenetic processes in risk and vulnerability conditions. The legend is organized to be used extensively not only by researchers but also by professionals , in order to prepare thematic maps for environmental studies, soil protection and land use planning.For a correct use of the proposed symbols, the legend is completed by the explanatory notes which clarify the symbol use in case of doubtful applications. Some case studies are also presented to show how the legend should be used in various italian environments.

Castaldini, D. ( 1992 ) - Studio geomorfologico dell'area di pianura veronese compresa tra Isola della Scala e Isola Rizza. - ANNALI DELL'ISTITUTO SPERIMENTALE PER LO STUDIO E LA DIFESA DEL SUOLO - n. volume XX (1989/1991) - pp. da 23 a 43 ISSN: 0304-0445 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Nell'ambito di una indagine multidisciplinare, la ricerca in oggetto rappresenta un approfondimento delle conoscenze sulle caratteristiche geomorfologiche dell'area di pianura veronese compresa fra Isola della Scala e Isola Rizza.

Castaldini D.; Panizza M. ( 1991 ) - Inventario delle faglie attive tra i fiumi Po e Piave e il lago di Como (Italia Settentrionale). - IL QUATERNARIO - n. volume 4, 2 - pp. da 333 a 410 ISSN: 0394-3356 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

RIASSUNTO - Inventario delle faglie attive tra i fiumi Po e Piave e il lago di Como (Italia Settentrionale). Viene illustrato l'inventario delle faglie attive, nel settore dell'Italia Settentrionale compreso tra i fiumi Po e Piave e il lago di Como e nell'intervallo di tempo compreso fra il Pleistocene medio e l'Olocene (da 700.000 a.b.P. ad oggi). Una prima parte della pubblicazione offre una panoramica sulle varie formulazioni di "faglia attiva" proposte dalla letteratura geologica, illustra la definizione qui adottata ed espone i criteri applicati nella preparazione dell'inventario. Questo è stato realizzato sulla base di una dettagliata e puntuale analisi della bibliografia neotettonica, attraverso le seguenti fasi: selezione preliminare delle faglie, ricerca bibliografica sulle singole faglie, elaborazione di una "Carta delle faglie attive", schedatura delle faglie. In particolare, la "Carta delle faglie attive" è stata redatta alla scala 1:500.000 : in essa sono riportate le varie faglie numerate, classificate in "attive e "ritenute attive" e suddivise in “affioranti” e “coperte”. Le schede riportano, per ciascuna faglia, o gruppi di faglie, l'ubicazione, il nome, la bibliografia neotettonica, il tipo di faglia, la giacitura, il rigetto, la lunghezza, i dati qualificanti per la valutazione, l'intervallo di attività, la classificazione, il grado di attività (determinato dal rapporto tra il rigetto e l'intervallo di attività) suddiviso in tre categorie, e le eventuali note. In totale sono state schedate e rappresentate in carta, 144 faglie di cui 24 sono risultate “Attive” e 120 “Ritenute Attive”. Gli Autori analizzano anche la distribuzione e le caratteristiche delle faglie inventariate ed elaborano una “Carta del grado di attività”. Da essa emerge che nell’area orientale le maggiori strutture denotano un grado di attività di II categoria (tasso di spostamento medio tra 1 e 0,1 mm/anno) mentre nell’area gardesana si individuano dislocazioni con grado di attività sia di II che di III categoria (tasso di spostamento medio minore di 0,1 mm/anno); localmente si riscontra uno spostamento medio maggiore di 1 mm/anno (grado di attività di I categoria). Rapportando questi dati ai più recenti lavori di neotettonica, gli Autori ritengono che i rilievi isolati dell’alta pianura bresciana non facciano parte del settore neotettonico prealpino, che il grado di attività del settore a Nord del L.di Garda sia stato sottostimato negli studi di dettaglio per mancanza di sicuri “markers” di riferimento per la datazione dell’attività delle faglie e che nel bacino dell’Adda e nelle Dolomiti, l’attività tettonica olocenica sia più diffusa di quanto sinora indicato. Inoltre mettono in evidenza la necessità di studi più uniformi, dettagliati e maggiormente integrati fra le diverse discipline che si occupano di neotettonica. Infine ritengono indispensabile la realizzazione di una banca dati sugli elementi tettonici attivi di cui questo lavoro rappresenta un primo contributo. ABSTRACT - Active faults inventory between the Po and Piave rivers and lake Como (Northern Italy). This paper illustrates the inventory of active faults located the sector of Northern Italy between the Po and Piave rivers and lake Como and which pertain to the interval ranging from the Middle Pleistocene up to the Holocene (700,000 B.P. to the Present). The first part of the paper reviews the various definitions of “active fault” in the geological literature, explains the definition adopted here, and specifies the criteria applied in the inventory. The basis for the inventory consists in a detailed and accurate analysis of the neotectonic literature according to the following stages of research: preliminary fault selection, bibliographic research on the individual faults, compilation of a “Map of active faults” and of the fault data sheets. The “Map of active faults”, on the sc

Castaldini D. ( 1990 ) - The Southern Central Sector of the Po Plain (Northern Italy): A geomorphological study with examples of evidence of paleorivers. - JEOMORFOLOJI DERGISI - n. volume 18, 1 - pp. da 1 a 10 ISSN: 0250-2844 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

This study is concerned with the results of the research carried out in the central sector of the Po Plain. From a methodological point of view the geomorphological map of the area was prepared after having analyzed the geological literature, interpreted large-scale aerial photographs, analyzed the relief maps with isolines equidistant 1 m, and conducted detailed field research.

Castaldini, D.; Pellegrini, M. ( 1989 ) - A Review of the flow regulation systems on the Secchia and Panaro Rivers (Modena area, Italy) - SUPPLEMENTI DI GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 2 - pp. da 35 a 39 ISSN: 1724-4757 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The article describe the flow regulation systems on the Secchia and Panaro Rivers which have the most important function to reduce the floods peak, that is, they intervene on only a limited scale.

Castaldini, D. ( 1989 ) - Evoluzione della rete idrografica centropadana in epoca protostorica e storica - "Insediamenti e viabilità nell'alto ferrarese dall'Età Romana al Medioevo" - pp. da 115 a 134 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Il lavoro illustra l'evoluzione della rete idrografica in epoca protostorica e storica dell'area centropadana compresa fra il Lago di Garda e Verona a Nord e Bologna e Reggio Emilia a sud.

Castaldini, D. ( 1989 ) - Geomorfologia della bassa Pianura Padana modenese e dei territori limitrofi [Altro (298) - Altro]
Abstract

Nel lavoro sono descritte e rappresentate le caratteristiche geomorfologiche della bassa modenese e dei settori di pianura mantovana e ferrarese ad essa limitrofi

Slejko, D.; Carulli, G. B.; Nicolich, R.; Rebez, A.; Zanferrari, A.; Cavallin, A.; Doglioni, C.; Carraro, F.; Castaldini, D.; Iliceto, V.; Semenza, E.; Zanolla, C. ( 1989 ) - Seismotectonics of the Eastern Southern Alps: a review. - BOLLETTINO DI GEOFISICA TEORICA E APPLICATA - n. volume 31 - pp. da 109 a 136 ISSN: 0006-6729 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

In this paper the most significant geological and geophysical data of the Eastern Southern Alps are analyzed and compared. In conclusion a seismotectonic model is presented with four major structural units which are then further subdivided into ten seismogenetic zones.

Castaldini, D.; Panizza, M ( 1988 ) - Contributo alla definizione del limite tra evidenze di Neotettonica e fenomeni dovuti ad altre cause - SUPPLEMENTI DI GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 1 - pp. da 11 a 23 ISSN: 1724-4757 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Nel lavoro vengono illustrati vari ese,pi di ricerche a carattere geomorfologico che, in stretta connessione con dati di tipo geopedologico, geologico strutturale ecc., hanno messo in evidenza l'attività o hanno escluso la presenza di elementi neotettonici lineari. Gli esempi descritti si trovano nell'Italia nord-orientale.

Castaldini D.; Carton A.; Cremaschi M.; Gasperi G.; Gorgoni C.; Nora E.; Panizza M.; Pellegrini M.; Tosatti G. ( 1988 ) - Guidebook for the excursions in the Modena and Verona areas - Guidebook for the excursions in the Toscana, Emilia and Veneto regions - STEM Mucchi Modena ITA) - n. volume 1 - pp. da 86 a 87 ISBN: 978 ISSN: - [Abstract in Atti di convegno (274) - Abstract in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

The main geological and geomorphological features characterising the Modena Apennines and the Verona upper plain are described.

Castaldini, D.; Panizza, M. ( 1988 ) - Morfoneotettonica del L. Baikal e della Tunka Valley (U.R.S.S.) - SUPPLEMENTI DI GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 1 - pp. da 247 a 249 ISSN: 1724-4757 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Gli autori descrivono le caratteristiche morfoneotettoniche del Lago Bajkal e della Tunka Valley nell' U.R.S.S.. Si tratta di un Rift Basin e di una Rift Valley, rispettivamente, tutt'ora attivi.

Castaldini, D ( 1987 ) - F°. 75 Mirandola: esempio di cartografia geomorfologica - Atti della Riunione dei Ricercatori di Geologia - Cormano: Grafiche Somalia Milano ITA) - n. volume 4 - pp. da 1 a 17 ISSN: - [Contributo in Atti di convegno (273) - Relazione in Atti di Convegno]
Abstract

Il lavoro ha lo scopo di fornire un esempio di cartografia geomorfologica di un'area della Pianura Padana secondo la legenda proposta nell'ambito del Progetto Nazionale "Geomorfologia ed evoluzione recente della Pianura Padana" del M.P.I. 40%. L'area studiata è posta nel settore centrale della Pianura Padana e ricade nelle Province di Mantova, Rovigo, Modena, Ferrara e Bologna.

Panizza, M.; Castaldini, D.; Bollettinari, G.; Carton, A; Mantovani, F.; ( 1987 ) - Neotectonic research in applied geomorphological studies - ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GEOMORPHOLOGIE. SUPPLEMENTBAND - n. volume 63 - pp. da 173 a 211 ISSN: 0044-2798 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

The authors illustrate several methods for geomorphological and morpho-neotectonic analysis focused on different practical applications.

SLEJKO, D.; CARRARO, F.; CARULLI, G.B.; CASTALDINI, D.; CAVALLIN, A.; DOGLIONI, C.; NICOLICH, R.; REBEZ, A.; SEMENZA, E.; ZANFERRARI, A.; ( 1986 ) - Seismotectonic model of Northeastern Italy: an approach - GEOLOGIA APPLICATA E IDROGEOLOGIA - n. volume XXI, parte II - pp. da 153 a 165 ISSN: 0435-3870 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

In this paper, all the geological and geophysical data available for northeastern Italy, area of high seismicity, have been updated and reciprocally compared to identify seismotectonically homogeneous zones.

Carton, A.; Castaldini, D. ( 1985 ) - Approfondimenti di morfoneotettonica tra il Lago di Garda ed il Torrente Alpone (Provincia di Verona) - BOLLETTINO DEL MUSEO CIVICO DI STORIA NATURALE DI VERONA - n. volume 12 - pp. da 461 a 491 ISSN: 0392-0062 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Gli Autori approfondiscono i dati di neotettonica riguardanti gli elementi lineari del settore meridionale del M. Baldo e dei M. Lessini.

Castaldini, D.; Raimondi, S. ( 1985 ) - Geomorfologia dell' area di Pianura Padana compresa fra Cento, Finale Emilia e S. Agostino - ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ DEI NATURALISTI E MATEMATICI DI MODENA - n. volume 116 - pp. da 147 a 176 ISSN: 0365-7027 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Il lavoro illustra le caratteristiche altimetriche, granulometriche supeficiali e geomorfologiche dell'area di Pianura Padana tra Cento, Finale Emilia e Sant'Agostino.

Castaldini, D. ( 1984 ) - Esempio di studio morfologico e geolitologico in un'area di pianura: il territorio del comune di Quistello (Provincia di Mantova) - ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ DEI NATURALISTI E MATEMATICI DI MODENA - n. volume 115 - pp. da 47 a 76 ISSN: 0365-7027 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Il lavoro illustra le caratteristiche geomorfologiche e geolitologiche di un settore della bassa pianura mantovana: il territorio del comune di Quistello (Mantova).

Bartolini, C.; Bernini, M.; Carloni, G.C.; Costantini, A.; Federici, P.R.; Gasperi, G.; Lazzarotto, A.; Marchetti, G.; Mazzanti, R.; Papani, G.; Pranzini, G.; Rau, A.; Sandrelli, F; Vercesi, P.L.; Castaldini, D.; Francavilla, F. ( 1982 ) - Carta Neotettonica dell'Appennino Settentrionale. Note illustrative. - BOLLETTINO DELLA SOCIETÀ GEOLOGICA ITALIANA - n. volume 101 - pp. da 523 a 549 ISSN: 0037-8763 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Viene presentata la Carta Neotettonica dell'Appennino Settentrionale, ed antistante Pianura Padana, alal scala 1:400.000. frutto del coordinamento, omogeneizzazione e parziale rielaborazione dei dati raccolti nell'ambito del Progetto Finalizzato Geodinamica, Sottoprogetto Neotettonica del C.N.R..

BETTELLI, G.; BOLLETTINARI, G.; CARTON, A.; CASTALDINI, D.; PANIZZA, M.; PIACENTE, S; BERNINI, M.; CLERICI, A.; TELLINI, C.; VITTORINI, S.; CANUTI, P.; MOISELLO, U.; TENTI, G.; DRAMIS, F.; GENTILI, B.; PAMBIANCHI, G.; BIDINI, D.; LULLI, L.; RODOLFI, G.; BUSONI, E.; FERRARI, G.; CREMASCHI, M.; MARCHESINI, A.; ACCORSI C. A.; BANDINI MAZZANTI, M.; FRANCAVILLA, F.; MARCHETTI, G.; VERCESI, P. L.; DI GREGORIO, F.; MARINI, A.; ( 1982 ) - Geomorfologia del territorio di Febbio tra il M. Cusna e il F.Secchia (Appennino Emiliano) - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 5 - pp. da 285 a 360 ISSN: 0391-9838 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Si tratta di un ampio studio interdisciplinare che illustra le caratteristiche strutturali, climatiche e idrologiche, geomorfologiche, geomorfiche quantitative, pedologiche, archeologiche, palinologiche ed evolutive del territorio di Febbio tra il M. Cusna e il F.Secchia nell' Appennino Emiliano.

Carton, A.; Castaldini, D.; Panizza, M. ( 1982 ) - ZANFERRARI, A.; BOLLETTINARI, G.; CAROBENE, L.; CARTON, A.; CARULLI, G.B.; CASTALDINI, D.; CAVALLIN, A.; PANIZZA, M.; PELLEGRINI, G.B.; PIANETTI, F.; SAURO, U. ; - MEMORIE DI SCIENZE GEOLOGICHE - n. volume 35 - pp. da 355 a 376 ISSN: 0391-8602 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Nel lavoro sono sintetizzati ed elaborati, con modifiche, reinterpretazioni e aggiornamenti, i documenti prodotti dai ricercatori del Sottoprogetto "Neotettonica" (Progetto Finalizzato "Geodinamica" del C.N.R.) che hanno operato nell'Italia Nord Orientale dal 1977 al 1980

Panizza, M.; Bollettinari, G.; Carton, A.; Castaldini, D.; Piacente, S. ( 1981 ) - Considerazioni sul "Pronto intervento" in occasione di un terremoto distruttivo - RENDICONTI DELLA SOCIETÀ GEOLOGICA ITALIANA - n. volume 4 - pp. da 707 a 708 ISSN: 0392-3037 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Sulla base dell'esperienza maturata dagli Auori in occasione dei forti sismi del Friuli (1976) e dell'Irpinia - Basilicata (1980) vengono illustrate le ricerche nel campo della Geomorfologia applicata alla Sismotettonica da condurre nei giorni immediatamente successivi a terremoti distruttivi.

Panizza, M.; Carton, A.; Castaldini, D.; Mantovani, F.; Spina, R. ( 1978 ) - Esempi di morfoneotettonica nelle Dolomiti occidentali e nell'Appcnnino modenese - GEOGRAFIA FISICA E DINAMICA QUATERNARIA - n. volume 1 - pp. da 28 a 54 ISSN: 0391-9838 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

Sono illustrati alcuni esempi di deduzioni neotettoniche fatte in base a studi di Morfotettonica. Vengono illustrati alcuni esempi che riguardano tre aree: due nelle Dolomiti e una nell'Appennino modenese.

Annovi, A.; Carton, A.; Castaldini, D.; Colombetti, A.; Fazzini, P.; Fregni, P.; Gasperi, G.; Gelmini, R.; Loschi, G.; Mantovani, F.; Panizza, M.; Pellegrini, M.; Sighinolfi, G.; Spina, R. ( 1978 ) - Metodologie e primi risultati di neotettonica nel Modenese e territori limitrofi - MEMORIE DELLA SOCIETA' GEOLOGICA ITALIANA - n. volume 19 - pp. da 551 a 562 ISSN: 0375-9857 [Articolo in rivista (262) - Articolo su rivista]
Abstract

L'articolo rappresenta la sintesi dei risultati di studi di neotettonica nel Modenese e territori limitrofi conseguiti da ricercatori dell'Istituto di Geologia dell'Università di Modena.