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Daniela FONTANA

Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences

Content class: Geology

Class: NATURAL SCIENCES (D.M. 270/04) (Offer 2017)
  • CFU: 12
  • SSD: GEO/02

Objectives

Objectives of the course are to provide the following skills - use a proper geological terminology - know the tools necessary for studying and describing sedimentary bodies - be able to carry out basic analysis to determine the origin, texture and composition of sedimentary rocks: acquire the ability to reconstruct the geological and sedimentary evolution of different environments. - to present in a logical, concise and rigorous way, the concepts, data and procedures for a geologica study.- to dialogue and to relate to the various professional figures potentially involved in the interpretation of geological data.- be able to communicate technical data in English. - Use computer tools to collect and process data, information and results achieved.

Prerequisites

The student should have the basic knowledge of Mineralogy and Physical Geography.

Course Syllabus

Earth shape and size. Earth's mass and density. The inner structure of the planet. Continental and oceanic crust. Plate tectonics. Physical and chemical alterations of rocks. Sedimentary transport. Deposition. Sedimentary rock depositional environments: continental, transition, marine environments. Turbidites. Diagenesis. Classification and recognition of sedimentary rocks. Stratification. Formal Stratigraphic Units. Lithostratigraphic units. Litostratigraphy of the subsoil. Cronostratigraphic and geocronological units. Facies association. Discontinuities and discordances. Stratigraphic correlations. Dynamics of sedimentary sequences. Eustatism. Subsidence. Relative sea level variations. Transgressions and regression. Deformations of rocks. Fractures, folds and faults. Geological maps, geological sections. Schematic reconstruction of formation, stratigraphy and tectonics of the Apennine chain

Reference texts

Casati Pompeo SCIENZE DELLA TERRA Vol.1 Elementi di geologia generale Città Studi Edizioni Bosellini A., Mutti E. e Ricci Lucchi F., Rocce e successioni sedimentarie, UTET, Torino, 1989.

Teaching methods

Practical tests will be done during the course in classroom, field and laboratory. The final exam is oral with a thirtieths vote.

Verification of learning

Verification of learning will take place during the course through practical tests, and laboratory and fiels exercices. The final exam is oral. Voting in thirty

Expected results

After completing the course, the student should be able to: 1) Knowledge and understanding: - use correct stratigraphic-sedimentological terminology; - know methodologies for the study and description of sedimentary bodies; - Measure, describe and interpret a stratigraphic section; - identify texture and composition of sedimentary rocks: - know the characteristics of sedimentary depositional environments: continental, marine-marginal, and deep sea: - know the principles and applications of sequence stratigraphy; - know and understand the main concepts about the parameters of linear and planar elements, the geologic maps and other derived maps and about some simple topographic instruments. 2) Ability to apply knowledge and understanding - Apply the methods of facies analysis and sequence stratigraphy in outcrop (field data, laboratory analysis, organization and representation of data) - Identify and interpret physical and biogenic structures and understand their significance in the interpretation of depositional environments. - Use the results for paleogeographic reconstructions and writing papers; - Derive from reading and interpretation of a geologic map all information about geometric characteristics of geologic bodies and structural elements ; derive the geologic history of the area. 3) Making judgements - evaluate the effectiveness of data collection programs, the degree of reliability of planar and linear elements and the limitations and interpretative level of geologic maps and geologic cross-sections. 4) Communication skills -present in a logical, concise and rigorous form, and with different instruments, objectives, concepts, data and procedures of sedimentary geology. - Use appropriate tecniques to collect and process data and information, and achive results. 5) Learning skills To deeper independently the topics studied in the course.